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Conflicts within Government. Missouri Compromise . Maine admitted as a Free state. Missouri admitted as a Slave state. Set line across Louisiana territory at bottom of Missouri determining the north side to be free and south side to be slave.

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missouri compromise
Missouri Compromise
  • Maine admitted as a Free state.
  • Missouri admitted as a Slave state.
  • Set line across Louisiana territory at bottom of Missouri determining the north side to be free and south side to be slave.
  • Allowed Southerners to go into the north to retrieve runaway slaves.
compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
  • Admitted California as a free state.
  • Gave Mexican Cession land popular sovereignty to decided fate of free or slave.
  • Outlawed slave trade in Washington, D.C.
  • Included Fugitive Slave Act – could arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave.
  • Northerners required to help capture accused runaway slaves.
kansas nebraska act 1854
Kansas-nebraska Act - 1854
  • Created two new territories (Kansas and Nebraska) out of area set to be free.
  • Proposed all new territories decided on slavery issue by popular sovereignty.
  • Basically undid the Missouri Compromise
bleeding kansas
Bleeding Kansas
  • People poured into the territory to help decided it’s fate on slavery.
  • Only 3000 voters registered in Kansas but 8000 votes were cast.
  • Anti-slavery settlers refused the results and held a 2nd election.
  • Kansas now had 2 governments that conflicted and thought they were in control.
  • Proslavery sheriff was shot by anti-slavery settlers. He returned with 800 men and attacked the anti-slavery town.
  • Set off widespread fighting and groups terrorizing those who did not support their view.
brooks sumner affair
Brooks-Sumner Affair
  • Charles Sumner (leading abolitionist senator) gave a speech verbally attacking Southerners including Andrew Butler (and elderly senator) who was not present that day. He called them “hirelings from the drunken spew and vomit of an uneasy civilization.”
  • A few days later, Butler’s nephew, Preston Brooks from the House of Representatives, marched into the senate and attacked Sumner until he laid bloody and unconscious on the floor.
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Sumner never completely recovered from his injuries and had to retire from the Senate for 3 yrs.

  • Southerners praised rooks and sent him dozens of gold-headed canes to replace the one he broke over Sumner’s head.
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