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Conflicts within Government. Missouri Compromise. Maine admitted as a Free state. Missouri admitted as a Slave state. Set line across Louisiana territory at bottom of Missouri determining the north side to be free and south side to be slave.

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Conflicts within Government

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Conflicts within Government


Missouri Compromise

  • Maine admitted as a Free state.

  • Missouri admitted as a Slave state.

  • Set line across Louisiana territory at bottom of Missouri determining the north side to be free and south side to be slave.

  • Allowed Southerners to go into the north to retrieve runaway slaves.


Missouri Compromise


Compromise of 1850

  • Admitted California as a free state.

  • Gave Mexican Cession land popular sovereignty to decided fate of free or slave.

  • Outlawed slave trade in Washington, D.C.

  • Included Fugitive Slave Act – could arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave.

  • Northerners required to help capture accused runaway slaves.


Kansas-nebraska Act - 1854

  • Created two new territories (Kansas and Nebraska) out of area set to be free.

  • Proposed all new territories decided on slavery issue by popular sovereignty.

  • Basically undid the Missouri Compromise


Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854


Bleeding Kansas

  • People poured into the territory to help decided it’s fate on slavery.

  • Only 3000 voters registered in Kansas but 8000 votes were cast.

  • Anti-slavery settlers refused the results and held a 2nd election.

  • Kansas now had 2 governments that conflicted and thought they were in control.

  • Proslavery sheriff was shot by anti-slavery settlers. He returned with 800 men and attacked the anti-slavery town.

  • Set off widespread fighting and groups terrorizing those who did not support their view.


Brooks-Sumner Affair

  • Charles Sumner (leading abolitionist senator) gave a speech verbally attacking Southerners including Andrew Butler (and elderly senator) who was not present that day. He called them “hirelings from the drunken spew and vomit of an uneasy civilization.”

  • A few days later, Butler’s nephew, Preston Brooks from the House of Representatives, marched into the senate and attacked Sumner until he laid bloody and unconscious on the floor.


  • Sumner never completely recovered from his injuries and had to retire from the Senate for 3 yrs.

  • Southerners praised rooks and sent him dozens of gold-headed canes to replace the one he broke over Sumner’s head.


Brooks-Sumner Affair


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