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Other Quasi-Experimental Designs. Design Variations. Show specific design features that can be used to address specific threats or constraints in the context. Proxy Pretest Design. N O 1 X O 2 N O 1 O 2. Pretest based on recollection or archived data

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design variations
Design Variations

Show specific design features that can be used to address specific threats or constraints in the context

proxy pretest design
Proxy Pretest Design

N O1 X O2

N O1 O2

  • Pretest based on recollection or archived data
  • Useful when you weren’t able to get a pretest but wanted to address gain
separate pre post samples
Separate Pre-Post Samples

N1 O

N1 X O

N2 O

N2 O

  • Groups with the same subscript come from the same context.
  • Here, N1 might be people who were in the program at Agency 1 last year, with those in N2 at Agency 2 last year.
  • This is like having a proxy pretest on a different group.
separate pre post samples1
Separate Pre-Post Samples

R1 O

R1 X O

R2 O

R2 O

N

  • Take random samplesat two times of people at two nonequivalent agencies.
  • Useful when you routinely measure with surveys.
  • You can assume that the pre and post samples are equivalent, but the two agencies may not be.

N

double pretest design
Double-Pretest Design

N O O X O

N O O O

  • Strong in internal validity
  • Helps address selection-maturation
  • How does this affect selection-testing?
switching replications
Switching Replications

N O X O O

N O O X O

  • Strong design for both internal and external validity
  • Strong against social threats to internal validity
  • Strong ethically
nonequivalent dependent variables design nedv
Nonequivalent Dependent Variables Design (NEDV)

N O1 X O1

N O2 O2

  • The variables have to be similar enough that they would be affected the same way by all threats.
  • The program has to target one variableand not the other.
nedv example
NEDV Example
  • Only works if we can assume that geometry scores show what would have happenedto algebra if untreated.
  • The variable is the control.
  • Note that there is no control grouphere.
nedv pattern matching
NEDV Pattern Matching
  • Have many outcome variables.
  • Have theory that tells how affected(from most to least) each variable will be by the program.
  • Matchobserved gains with predicted ones.
  • If match, what does it mean?
nedv pattern matching1
NEDV Pattern Matching
  • A “ladder” graph.
  • What are the threats?

r = .997

nedv pattern matching2
NEDV Pattern Matching
  • Single group design, but could be used with multiple groups(could even be coupled with experimental design).
  • Can measure left and right on different scales(e.g., right could be t-values).
  • How do we get the expectations?
regression point displacement rpd
Regression Point Displacement (RPD)

N(n=1) O X O

N O O

  • Intervene in a single site
  • Have manynonequivalent control sites
  • Good design for community-based evaluation
rpd example
RPD Example
  • Comprehensive community-based AIDS education
  • Intervene in one community (e.g., county)
  • Have 29 other communities(e.g., counties) in state as controls
  • measure is annual HIV positive rate by county
rpd example1
RPD Example

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RPD Example

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RPD Example

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RPD Example

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