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Gothic. Fu Hui Yan. Gothic. Arose in Northern France In the later Renaissance From 2 nd half of the 12 th century to the beginning of the 16 th century Spread throughout Europe Broke the round arch of the preceding Romanesque period into 2 intersecting arcs of a circle. Gothic.

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Gothic

Gothic

Fu Hui Yan


Gothic1
Gothic

  • Arose in Northern France

  • In the later Renaissance

  • From 2nd half of the 12th century to the beginning of the 16th century

  • Spread throughout Europe

  • Broke the round arch of the preceding Romanesque period into 2 intersecting arcs of a circle


Gothic2
Gothic

  • Created vaulted interiors of unprecedented height

  • Reduced wall mass to a minimum

  • Public buildings and occasional mansion, esp. churches

  • Closely related to religion

  • Building high to close with the God

  • 1st Gothic structure: the choir of the abbey church ant St Denis, north of Paris, 1144


Styles
Styles

  • Heavy

  • Dark

  • Melancholy

  • Monkish

  • High

  • Open


Styles1
Styles

  • Different from the ancient Greek and Roman architecture :

  • Use

  • Proportion

  • Beauty

  • Accomplishment

  • Perfection


Features
Features

  • Pointed arches

  • A pointed curved structure of masonry spanning an opening


Features1
Features

  • Flying buttresses

  • A mass of masonry or brickwork

  • Resist the pressure of an arch, roof or vault

  • Stands away from the wall

  • Appearing to fly through space

  • Providing invisible support via an arch at the main point of stress


Features2
Features

  • Flying buttresses


Features3
Features

  • Tracery

  • The ornamental patternwork in stone filling the upper part of a Gothic window


Features4
Features

  • Great expanses of stained glass


Features5
Features

  • Sharply pointed spires


Features6
Features

  • Stone vaulted ceiling


Notre dame de reims
Notre-Dame de Reims

  • Cathedral of Reims, the kings of France were once crowned

  • Towers : 81m tall

  • Southern tower contains 2 great bells, including the one called “Charlotte”

  • Interior of the cathedral : 138.75m long

  • Nave of the cathedral : 30m wide

  • Centre of the cathedral : 38m high


Notre dame de reims1
Notre-Dame de Reims

  • The architectural form and visual representation of the rose window were combined, to form a symbol of Christian order

  • Added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1991


Notre dame de reims2
Notre-Dame de Reims

West facade

From the southeast


Notre dame de reims3
Notre-Dame de Reims

Pointed arch with Gothic tracery


Notre dame de reims4
Notre-Dame de Reims

Statues

Flying Buttresses


Notre dame de reims5
Notre-Dame de Reims

Plan

Section


Notre dame de reims6
Notre-Dame de Reims

Nave

Nave Elevation


Notre dame de reims7
Notre-Dame de Reims

Rose Window


Notre dame de reims8
Notre-Dame de Reims

Stone Vaulted Ceiling



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