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design challenge 4
Design Challenge 4

Your teacher has volunteered to sit in a dunk tank to help raise money for TECA. As brilliant technology education students, you and your team have decided to design and fabricate a device that will propel a ball at the dunk tank release mechanism instead of manually throwing the ball to assure your teacher gets wet on a consistent basis.

slide2
COPA
  • The design must have predictive analysis proof that it will work before fabrication
  • The device has to be safe to use; the ball may not exceed 50 mph
  • The release mechanism will be 6’ from the ground and be 6” in diameter.
  • The minimum distance the device will be from the release mechanism is 13’; the maximum distance is 20’
  • A minimum of 7 out of 10 balls must hit the target
  • The device will be tested @ 4:15 November 29. A presentation on how each team solved the problem must be given, which includes how your team worked through COPA
air powered ping pong ball launcher

Air powered ping-pong ball launcher

By:

Shane Chandler

Chris Garner

Joellen Glass

Mike Hoffman

parts
Parts
  • 2 feet of 2 inch diameter. PVC pressure rated pipe.
  • 4 foot of 1 1/2 inch diameter. PVC pressure rated pipe.
  • 1 1/2 inch PVC ball-valve
  • slip to threaded 1 1/2 inch diameter. male fitting
  • slip to threaded 1 1/2 inch diameter. female fitting
  • 2 inch to 1 1/2 inch reducer
  • 2 inch slip to slip fitting
  • tire valve stem
  • 2 inch slip end cap
  • PVC cement
  • Ping-pong ball
  • some type of air compressor or hand pump
slide5

1.  Take the 2 inch end cap and drill a hole so that you will just be able to stick the valve stem in to it.  (Note: the valve stem has to fit very very snugly otherwise air will leak out).  So you are better off starting out with a smaller hole than you think it should be and you will always be able to make it larger later.

2.  Pull the valve stem though the end cap so that the fill end is on the outside of the end cap.

3.  Glue the end cap on the end of the 2 foot section of pipe.  Make sure not get any glue on the valve stem.

4.  Glue that 2 inch slip to slip fitting to the other end of the of the 2 inch pipe.

slide6

5.  Glue the reducer into the other side of the slip to slip

6.  Cut a 3 inch section of the 1 1/2 pipe and glue this into the reducer.

7.  Now glue the ball valve on the end of that section of pipe.

8.  Cut another 3 inch section of the 1 1/2 pipe off and glue it into the other end of the ball valve.

slide7

9.  Take the slip to threaded 1 1/2 inch inch female fitting and glue it on the end of the pipe.

10.  Finally take the remaining amount of 1 1/2 inch pipe and glue the slip to threaded 1 1/2 inch male fitting to one end of it.

11.  All you have to do is screw the barrel on to the chamber and your good to go.  (Warning: Don\'t forget to let the glue dry sufficiently)

slide8

Drawing by

Chris Garner

trajectory
Trajectory
  • Trajectory is the path the ping-pong ball takes during flight. Several factors affect this path: gravity, air resistance, velocity and mass.
  •  Gravity pulls the ball down as it is traveling forward. This results in a downward curved path.
  •  Air resistance holds back the passage of the ping-pong ball. This slows its flight.
  •  Velocity is the speed of the ping-pong ball.
  •  Mass is the weight of the ping-pong ball.
slide10

http://homestudy.ihea.com/ammo/23trajectory.htm

http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/Class/vectors/u3l2b.html

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/traj.html

http://www.cs.utah.edu/~zachary/isp/applets/Cannon/Cannon.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/units.html

http://www.physicsclassroom.com/mmedia/vectors/hlp.html

http://www.hypertextbook.com/facts/2000/ShefiuAzeez.shtml

 http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/news/releases/2000/00_58AR.html

slide11

http://ljhs.sandi.net/faculty/mteachworth/physics-folder/units/projectile-motion/tennisball-cat-horizontal.pdfhttp://ljhs.sandi.net/faculty/mteachworth/physics-folder/units/projectile-motion/tennisball-cat-horizontal.pdf

 http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2000/ShefiuAzeez.shtml

 http://www.foundationcoalition.org/resources/first-year/tamu/course-materials/tennis-ball.html

http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ph8601.html

http://www.duke.edu/~jwc13/tennisball.html

http://physics.indstate.edu/swez/Ph101L/lab%206%20Fall%2005.htm

http://www.geocities.com/k_achutarao/MAGNUS/magnus.html

http://physics.webplasma.com/physics04.html

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