U.S. General Accounting Office. Electronic Government: Challenges to Effective Adoption of the Extensible Markup Language (GAO-02-327). Agenda. Context Scope and objectives Methodology Principal findings Recommendations for executive action GAO contacts. Context.
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Challenges to Effective Adoption of the Extensible Markup Language
Press reports have characterized the GAO report in widely varying ways:
We conducted the review from April 2001 through January 2002.
XML is being broadly implemented both commercially and in government. Examples in the federal government include SEC, EPA, DOD, and many others.
The XML Working Group has many successful activities underway, focused primarily on education and outreach.
Despite progress, a complete set of standards for implementing XML is only partially in place.
The federal government faces challenges in realizing XML’s full potential.
Implementing XML presents pitfalls:
If not implemented in the context of an enterprise architecture, XML is likely to provide only a patchwork solution to systems interoperability.
OMB, working with the federal CIO Council and NIST, should develop a strategy for governmentwide adoption of XML to include:
Federal agencies should address XML in their enterprise architectures.