African American Literature February 25, 2014. Negro Spirituals: Notes and Examples(analysis). Agenda. Many Rivers to Cross Ep 2 Recap Notes: Negro Spirituals “Steal Away to Jesus” and “Go Down Moses” TPCASTT – a tool for unlocking meaning. Negro Spirituals.
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African American LiteratureFebruary 25, 2014
Negro Spirituals: Notes and Examples(analysis)
Many Rivers to Cross Ep 2 Recap
Notes: Negro Spirituals
“Steal Away to Jesus” and “Go Down Moses”
TPCASTT – a tool for unlocking meaning
Religious songs sung by African Americans since the earliest days of slavery
First gathered in a book in 1801 by black church leader Richard Allen
Not sung only in churches or religious settings
Sung during work time, play time and rest time as well as on Sundays and during praise meetings
Served as powerful shields against the slaveholders’ desire to oppress all aspects of black humanity
Common theme: “This world is not my home”
Common images: a steady and just King Jesus with plenty of room around his throne –a place to be reunited with those they had lost
These visions of justice were twofold: to escape the sorrowful world and to criticize injustice and violence
Focus on Old Testament God, his heroes and prophets
Allegory: Egypt=south; Pharoah=masters; Israelites=themselves; Moses=their leader
Another purpose: referring to the urge, and maybe even the specific plan, to make a run from slavery to freedom
Form: Call and Response patterns of West and Central Africa
Further study: How are their sounds captured on the printed page by future writers?
Connotation (deeper meanings? Fig. lang?)
Subject (What is it about?)
Theme (What does it reveal about human experience? Etc…)
Complete TPCASTT Analysis for “Steal Away to Jesus” and “Go Down, Moses” on a separate sheet of paper
The paraphrase portion of the task can be written directly on the handouts.
Exit ticket: How does the audio recording of the spirituals emphasize or change your understanding of the meaning of the songs? Be specific in your response.