SURFACE WARFARE

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Strike WarfareAnti-Air Warfare (AAW)Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW)Amphibious WarfareLogistical Support. SURFACE WARFARE MISSIONS. SURFACE WARFARE MISSIONS. Theater Air DominanceAssured Access and Support for Maneuver Warfare Maritime DominanceJoint Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR).

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SURFACE WARFARE

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1. SURFACE WARFARE

3. SURFACE WARFARE MISSIONS Theater Air Dominance Assured Access and Support for Maneuver Warfare Maritime Dominance Joint Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR)

4. TBMD Theater Air Dominance Allows joint and combined forces freedom of action in the littoral by denying enemy exploitation of the air battlespace Enables land-force entry and maneuver ashore First force to arrive on scene under the cover of Fleet Air Defenses and establish a presence ashore

5. Strike Warfare Strike Warfare = Power Projection Aircraft Carrier Airwing (Primary) Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (TLAM) CG, DDG, DD, SSN

6. Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) Control of the Air is required for successful operations Layered Defense: Combat Air Patrol (CAP)- Fighters and AWACS Surface to Air Missiles (Standard) Short Range Missiles and Phalanx CIWS

7. Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Submarines are a threat: Former Soviet Union and Third World Countries Primary ASW: SSN’s Surface ASW: Destroyers and Frigates Other: P-3C’s, SH-60 LAMPS Helos

8. Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) Weapons: Missiles, Torpedoes, Guns Finding the Enemy: E-2C, AEGIS, Satellites Interdiction - Find the enemy and stop him ASUW includes blockade, inspection, and anti-drug operations

9. Amphibious Warfare Transport Marines and their equipment to a desired objective Provide logistics, air and other support for the landing

10. Fleet Organization Task Force / Task Group Carrier Strike Group Expeditionary Strike Group Surface Action Group (SAG)

11. Task Force / Task Group (TF/TG) Large group of ships, under one command, that can perform all of the above missions.

12. Carrier Strike Group Mission: Protect the Carrier and other HVU’s, support CVW, project power ashore Composition: Aircraft Carrier CG/DDG - AAW DD/FFG - ASUW, ASW Supply Ships

13. Surface Action Group (SAG) Mission: Find and destroy enemy surface ships. Composition: Cruiser Several Destroyers

14. Expeditionary Strike Group Mission: “Gator Freighter’s” Transports ground forces and put them ashore. Composition: Amphibious Assault Ships (LHA, LPH, LHD) Troop Landing Ships (LPD, LSD) DDG/FFG for AAW/ASW/ASuW protection

15. Assured Access and Support for Maneuver Warfare Capability from the sea to ranges far inland in support of the land campaign Response to requirements embedded in the Marine Corps' concept of "Operational Maneuver from the Sea (OMFTS)."

16. Maneuver Warfare Cont. Land Attack Warfare will: raise the price of aggression provide early firepower to engage an aggressor without delay condition the battlespace enable massed effects without massing forces limit loss of U.S. and allied forces lives and collateral damage support quick, decisive, favorable outcomes in conflict

17. Extended-Range Guided Munitions (ERGM) The EX 171 is a 5" projectile that will be fired from the 5"/62 MK 45 Mod 4 Gun Mount Threshold range - 41 NM; Objective range - 63 NM Combination of extended range and GPS/INS position accuracy will significantly improve performance to meet NSFS mission requirements

19. Precision Strike Designed to halt enemy advances, enabling U.S. and multinational forces to rapidly deploy and sustain and defend themselves ashore Destroy tactical and strategic targets such as C4I nodes, AAW concentrations, etc We have fired over 2000 Tomahawks in combat since the beginning of Operation Desert Storm - with over 85% success rate Evolving into multinational asset for variety of missions

20. Tomahawk Success must be achieved with the first salvo to minimize personnel losses and collateral damage The chosen weapon system must have stand alone capability, greater survivability, flexibility to support the operation in all weather, pinpoint accuracy, be on the scene in a matter of minutes, and not have to be concerned about negotiating diplomatic rights over foreign soil and airspace Tomahawk offers the joint force commander a responsive, accurate and flexible option

21. TACTOM Tactical Tomahawk Loiter Greater Range Different Payloads Program In Flight

22. Joint Integration and Targeting “The nature of modern warfare demands that we fight as a joint team. "

23. Maritime Dominance 5 Fundamental Elements: Anti-submarine warfare Mine warfare Surface warfare Amphibious warfare Combat logistics

24. Maritime Dominance Preserves America as a premiere maritime nation Ensures freedom of navigation for trade in a global economy Provides unimpeded access to littorals of strategic interest in a climate of reduced support for forward land-based forces Enables the NCA to influence international events without commitment of land-based forces or host nation support It is the precondition required for conducting land attack and theater air dominance operations

25. Joint C4ISR Joint Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Provides SA for integration and coordination of joint element maneuvers and sensor-to-shooter connectivity ability to mass effects without massing forces protects against asymmetric threats provides joint force flexibility, interoperability and efficiency

26. NORMAL DEPLOYMENT MISSIONS MIO/VBSS SCC RED CROWN GREEN CROWN ESCORT DUTY

28. Surface Warfare in Joint Operations

29. Learning Objectives Know and identify major surface warship classes Be able to describe the characteristics and capabilities of ships weapons Understand how the surface community supports the other naval warfare components

30. Carrier Battle Group No solid definition of it’s components, different ships can be added/subtracted for different missions A common setup is composed of 1 Carrier, 2 Cruisers, 2 Destroyers, 1 Frigate, 2 Submarines, and 1 Supply ship Nimitz class carrier, ticonderoga class cruiser, AB class destroyer, Spruance destroyer, OHP Frigate, LA class submarine, Supply class shipNimitz class carrier, ticonderoga class cruiser, AB class destroyer, Spruance destroyer, OHP Frigate, LA class submarine, Supply class ship

31. Aircraft Carriers- CV, CVN Carriers provide deterrence in peacetime Support and operate aircraft that engage in attacks on airborne, afloat, and ashore targets that threaten free use of the sea Engage in sustained operations in support of other forces Armament: 2 or 3Sea Sparrows, 3 or 4 Phalanx CIWS Aircraft: 85, of various types To provide a credible, sustainable, independent forward presence and conventional deterrence in peacetime, To operate as the cornerstone of joint/allied maritime expeditionary forces in times of crisis, and To operate and support aircraft attacks on enemies, protect friendly forces and engage in sustained independent operations in war. Armament: Two or three (depending on modification) NATO Sea Sparrow launchers, 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts: (3 on Nimitz and Dwight D. Eisenhower and 4 on Vinson and later ships of the class.) AIRCRAFT: include F-18, F-14, E-2C To provide a credible, sustainable, independent forward presence and conventional deterrence in peacetime, To operate as the cornerstone of joint/allied maritime expeditionary forces in times of crisis, and To operate and support aircraft attacks on enemies, protect friendly forces and engage in sustained independent operations in war.Armament: Two or three (depending on modification) NATO Sea Sparrow launchers, 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts: (3 on Nimitz and Dwight D. Eisenhower and 4 on Vinson and later ships of the class.)AIRCRAFT: include F-18, F-14, E-2C

33. Destroyers- DD, DDG Destroyers primarily perform anti-submarine warfare duty; guided missile destroyers are multi-mission Sensory System: Lockheed Martin SPY-1 Radar and Combat System Integrator Armament: 8 Harpoons, Tomahawk missiles, Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) missiles, 6 Mk-46 torpedoes, 2 5”/54 caliber Mk-45, 2 Phalanx CIWS Aircraft: 2 SH-60 Seahawk Helicopters Guided missile destroyers: Anti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) 8 Harpoon (from 2 quad launchers), Tomahawk®, VLS or ABL; Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) missiles; six Mk-46 torpedoes (from 2 triple tube mounts); two 5"/54 caliber Mk-45 (lightweight gun); two 20mm Phalanx CIWS 11 operating (Spruance) Crew: 30 officers, 352 enlisted 38 operating, 3 under construction, 8 awaiting construction (Arleigh burke class) Crew: 23 officers, 300 enlisted Guided missile destroyers: Anti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) 8 Harpoon (from 2 quad launchers), Tomahawk®, VLS or ABL; Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) missiles; six Mk-46 torpedoes (from 2 triple tube mounts); two 5"/54 caliber Mk-45 (lightweight gun); two 20mm Phalanx CIWS 11 operating (Spruance) Crew: 30 officers, 352 enlisted 38 operating, 3 under construction, 8 awaiting construction (Arleigh burke class) Crew: 23 officers, 300 enlisted

34. Cruiser- CG, CGN Multi-mission surface combatants primarily used in a Battle Force role Sensory System: Lockheed Martin SPY-1 Radar and Combat System Integrator Armament: MK-26 missile launcher or MK-41 vertical launching system, Standard missiles, Vertical Launch ASROC missiles, Tomahawk cruise missiles, 6 MK-46 torpedoes, 2 MK-45 5”/54 caliber guns, 2 Phalanx CIWS Aircraft: 2 SH-2 Seasprites or 2 SH-60 Seahawks Anti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW)] MK26 missile launcher (CG 47 thru CG 51) Standard Missile (MR) or MK41 vertical launching system (CG 52 thru CG 73) Standard Missile (MR); Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) Missile; Tomahawk Cruise Missile; Six MK-46 torpedoes (from two triple mounts); Two MK 45 5-inch/54 caliber lightweight guns; Two Phalanx close-in-weapons systems Aircraft: Two SH-2 Seasprite (LAMPS) in CG 47-48; Two SH-60 Sea Hawk (LAMPS III) 27 operating Crew: 24 Officers, 340 EnlistedAnti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW)] MK26 missile launcher (CG 47 thru CG 51) Standard Missile (MR) or MK41 vertical launching system (CG 52 thru CG 73) Standard Missile (MR); Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) Missile; Tomahawk Cruise Missile; Six MK-46 torpedoes (from two triple mounts); Two MK 45 5-inch/54 caliber lightweight guns; Two Phalanx close-in-weapons systemsAircraft: Two SH-2 Seasprite (LAMPS) in CG 47-48; Two SH-60 Sea Hawk (LAMPS III) 27 operating Crew: 24 Officers, 340 Enlisted

35. Frigates- FFG Protection of shipping as anti-submarine warfare combatants Armament: Standard missile, Harpoon missile, 6 MK-46 torpedoes, 1 MK-75 rapid fire gun, 1 Phalanx CIWS Aircraft: 1 SH-2 Seasprite or 2 SH-60 Seahawks Description: Frigates fulfill a Protection of Shipping (POS) mission as Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) combatants for amphibious expeditionary forces, underway replenishment groups and merchant convoys. Designed as cost efficient surface combatants, they lack the multi-mission capability necessary for modern surface combatants faced with multiple, high-technology threats. Armament: Standard Missile (MR); Harpoon (from Standard Missile Launcher); Six MK-46 torpedoes(from two triple mounts); One 76 mm (3-inch)/62 caliber MK 75 rapid fire gun; One Phalanx close-in-weapons system Aircraft: Two SH-60 (LAMPS III) in FFG 8, 28, 29, 32, 33, 36-61 One SH-2 (Lamps Mk-I) in FFG 9-19, 30, 31. 30 operating Crew: 13 Officers, 287 Enlisted **The Surface Combatant Force Requirement Study does not define any need for a single mission ship such as the frigate and there are no frigates planned in the Navy's five-year shipbuilding plan. Description: Frigates fulfill a Protection of Shipping (POS) mission as Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) combatants for amphibious expeditionary forces, underway replenishment groups and merchant convoys.Designed as cost efficient surface combatants, they lack the multi-mission capability necessary for modern surface combatants faced with multiple, high-technology threats. Armament: Standard Missile (MR); Harpoon (from Standard Missile Launcher); Six MK-46 torpedoes(from two triple mounts); One 76 mm (3-inch)/62 caliber MK 75 rapid fire gun; One Phalanx close-in-weapons systemAircraft:Two SH-60 (LAMPS III) in FFG 8, 28, 29, 32, 33, 36-61One SH-2 (Lamps Mk-I) in FFG 9-19, 30, 31.30 operating Crew: 13 Officers, 287 Enlisted **The Surface Combatant Force Requirement Study does not define any need for a single mission ship such as the frigate and there are no frigates planned in the Navy's five-year shipbuilding plan.

36. Coastal Mine Hunter- MHC Mine Counter Measures - MCM Designed to clear mines from vital waterways Armament: 2 .50 caliber machine guns, Mine Neutralization System, and other mine countermeasures systems Osprey and Avenger class ships are mine hunter-killers capable of finding, classifying and destroying moored and bottom mines. - use sonar and video systems, cable cutters and a mine detonating device that can be released and detonated by remote control also capable of conventional sweeping measures. The ships' hulls are made of glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) fiberglass. 12 operating (MHC) Crew: 5 officers, 46 enlisted (MHC) 14 operating (MCM) Crew: 8 officers, 76 enlisted Osprey and Avenger class ships are mine hunter-killers capable of finding, classifying and destroying moored and bottom mines. - use sonar and video systems, cable cutters and a mine detonating device that can be released and detonated by remote control also capable of conventional sweeping measures. The ships' hulls are made of glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) fiberglass. 12 operating (MHC) Crew: 5 officers, 46 enlisted (MHC) 14 operating (MCM) Crew: 8 officers, 76 enlisted

37. Underway Replenishment Ships- AOE High-speed vessel, designed as an oiler, ammunition and supply ship (logistics) Armament: Sea Sparrow missiles, 2 Phalanx CIWS Aircraft: 2 or 3 CH-46 Sea Knights Armament: NATO Sea Sparrow missiles, two Phalanx close-in weapons systems, two 25mm machine guns Supply class: 2 operating, Crew: 40 officers, 627 enlisted Sacramento Class: 4 operating, Crew: 24 officers, 576 enlistedArmament: NATO Sea Sparrow missiles, two Phalanx close-in weapons systems, two 25mm machine guns Supply class: 2 operating, Crew: 40 officers, 627 enlisted Sacramento Class: 4 operating, Crew: 24 officers, 576 enlisted

38. Amphibious Ready Group- ARG ARGs are trained, organized and equipped to perform various amphibious operations An ARG consists of an LHA or LHD, LPDs, and LSDs Usually deploys with a CBG, which provides cover for the landing

39. Amphibious Warfare Ships- LHA/LHD, LPD, LSD LHA/LHD: Landing ships, resembling small aircraft carriers, designed to put troops on hostile shores Armament: RAM launchers, Phalanx CIWS, Sea Sparrows, machine guns Aircraft: 12CH-46 Sea Knights, 4CH-53 Sea Stallions, 6 AV-8B Harriers, 3 UH-1N Huey, 4 AH-1W Super Cobras LHD: Aircraft, depending on mission: 12 CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters; 4 CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopters; 6 AV-8B Harrier attack aircraft; 3 UH-1N Huey helicopters; 4 AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters 8 in operation Crew: Ships Company: 104 officers, 1,004 enlisted Marine Detachment: 1,894 Armament: Two RAM launchers; two NATO Sea Sparrow launchers; three 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts (two on LHD 5-7); four .50 cal. machine guns; four 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns (LHD 5-7 have three 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns). LHA: Armament: Two RAM launchers; two Phalanx 20 mm CIWS mount; three .50 cal. machine guns; four 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns 5 operating Crew: Ships Company: 82 officers, 882 enlisted Marine Detachment 1,900 plus LHD: Aircraft, depending on mission:12 CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters; 4 CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopters; 6 AV-8B Harrier attack aircraft; 3 UH-1N Huey helicopters; 4 AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters8 in operation Crew: Ships Company: 104 officers, 1,004 enlistedMarine Detachment: 1,894 Armament: Two RAM launchers; two NATO Sea Sparrow launchers; three 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts (two on LHD 5-7); four .50 cal. machine guns; four 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns (LHD 5-7 have three 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns). LHA: Armament: Two RAM launchers; two Phalanx 20 mm CIWS mount; three .50 cal. machine guns; four 25 mm Mk 38 machine guns5 operating Crew:Ships Company: 82 officers, 882 enlistedMarine Detachment 1,900 plus

40. Amphibious Transport Dock- LPD Embark, transport, and land elements of a landing force for a variety of expeditionary warfare missions Armament: 2 MK-38 guns, 2 Phalanx CIWS, 8 .50 caliber machine guns Aircraft: space for up to 6 CH-46 Sea Knights Armament: Two 25mm Mk 38 guns; two Phalanx CIWS; and eight .50-calibre machine guns. Crew: Ship's Company: 420 (24 officers, 396 enlisted), Marine Detachment: 900 San Antonio class: Armament: Two Bushmaster II 30 mm Close in Guns, fore and aft; two Rolling Airframe Missile launchers, fore and aft. Landing Craft/Assault Vehicles: Two LCACs or one LCU; and 14 Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicles. Crew: Ship's Company: 361 (28 officers, 333 enlisted), Embarked Landing Force: 699 (66 officers, 633 enlisted); surge capacity to 800Armament: Two 25mm Mk 38 guns; two Phalanx CIWS; and eight .50-calibre machine guns. Crew:Ship's Company: 420 (24 officers, 396 enlisted), Marine Detachment: 900 San Antonio class: Armament: Two Bushmaster II 30 mm Close in Guns, fore and aft; two Rolling Airframe Missile launchers, fore and aft. Landing Craft/Assault Vehicles: Two LCACs or one LCU; and 14 Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicles. Crew:Ship's Company: 361 (28 officers, 333 enlisted), Embarked Landing Force: 699 (66 officers, 633 enlisted); surge capacity to 800

41. Dock Landing Ships- LSD Support amphibious operations including landings via LCACs, conventional landing craft and helicopters, onto hostile shores Armament: 2 MK-38 machine guns, 2 Phalanx CIWS, 6 .50 caliber machine guns support amphibious operations including landings via Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), conventional landing craft and helicopters, onto hostile shores. Two 25mm MK 38 Machine Guns, Two 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts and Six .50 cal. machine guns Crew: Ships Company: 22 officers, 397 enlisted; Marine Detachment: 402 plus 102 surge support amphibious operations including landings via Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), conventional landing craft and helicopters, onto hostile shores.Two 25mm MK 38 Machine Guns, Two 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts and Six .50 cal. machine guns Crew: Ships Company: 22 officers, 397 enlisted; Marine Detachment: 402 plus 102 surge

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