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Suffering for Suffrage 1848-1919. A brief outline of the struggle for the right to vote . By Scott Marsden with help from Nancy Case. Introduction Activities. Students in pairs Journal: Who are the important women in your life? What do they do that makes them important?

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Suffering for suffrage 1848 1919 l.jpg

Suffering for Suffrage1848-1919

A brief outline of the struggle for the right to vote

By Scott Marsden with help from Nancy Case


Introduction activities l.jpg
Introduction Activities

  • Students in pairs

  • Journal: Who are the important women in your life? What do they do that makes them important?

  • Report out to one another and then share answers and write on board.

  • Describe a time when women were treated unfairly in our society. Who can give me examples?

  • Write on board—students copy examples in notebook.


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Transition to Through Activity

  • Personal example: my mom and high school counselor

  • Solicit reactions to mom’s story

  • While passing out materials (level-like study guides) say, “Now we are going to take a look at how women fought for equality in our country.”


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Suffrage

Divorce

Abolitionist

Advocates(n)

Sentiments

Radical

Conservative

Priority

Justified

Resistance

Tyranny

Ratification

Suffrage Vocabulary


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Sheltering Strategies

  • L1 and L2: give an outline of presentation with almost all text. Some words left blank. Cloze activity—fill in blanks with some words. Draw/sketch pictures.

  • L3 and L4: Take notes.

  • All ELL/mainstream students: Write captions to pictures.


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Women’s Rights Convention Seneca Falls -1848

  • Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott

  • Sought better divorce laws, education, property rights

  • Split over women voting-considered too radical

  • “Declaration of Rights and Sentiments” modeled on Declaration of Independence

Lucretia Mott

(Library of Congress)


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Division in Women’s Movement over 14th and 15th Amendments

  • Split between abolitionists and suffrage advocates over 14th and 15th Amendments

  • 14th Amendment (1868) - Citizen defined as male, not female.

  • 15th Amendment (1870) - Gave vote to African-American men, but not to women.

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony thought that women should take priority over former slaves


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Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony vs. Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass

(Maryland State Archives)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

And Susan B. Anthony

(Library of Congress)


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Rival Groups Formed

  • 1869 - American Women’s Suffrage Association founded by Lucy Stone

  • AWSA more conservative - supported 14th and 15th Amendments

  • National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) founded by Anthony and Stanton

  • NWSA more radical - wanted universal suffrage (16th Amendment)

Lucy Stone

(Library of Congress)

Why did Anthony and Stanton not want to give the vote to African-American males? Were they justified?

Susan B. Anthony

(Library of Congress)


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1872 – The Great Vote-In

  • 1872 - Great Vote-In (Anthony, Sojourner Truth, others) tried to vote in Presidential Election.

  • Sojourner Truth was turned away.

  • Arrest and trial of Susan B. Anthony

  • “Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God” -Anthony

Sojourner Truth

Library of Congress


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National Association of Colored WomenNACW Formed In 1896

  • Mary Church Terrell

  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett

  • Harriet Tubman

  • Margaret Murry Washington

  • Fanny Jackson Coppin

  • Charlotte Forten Grimke

Ida B. Wells

(Library of Congress)

Mary Church Terrell

(Library of Congress)


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“Apotheosis of Suffrage” - 1896

  • Apotheosis = making into a god

  • Why is George Washington wearing a skirt?

  • What point is the artist making about the suffrage movement?

George Yost Coffin (Library of Congress)


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Suffrage ParadeNew York City - May 12, 1912

(Library of Congress)


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Alice Paul

  • Employed radical tactics she learned from Emmeline Pankhurst in Britain

  • Hunger strikes, picketing, chaining themselves to buildings

  • Organized 6-days a week demonstrations in front of White House in 1917, leading to arrests

  • Hundreds arrested and thrown in prison

  • “Iron-Jawed Angels” force-fed in prison

(Library of Congress)


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“Mr. President, How Long Must Women Wait for Liberty?” (1917)Library of Congress

Pretend you are one of these women.

Write a quick journal entry about how you feel.


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19th Amendment and Beyond

  • 1918 - “Anthony Amendment” adopted in House

  • 1919 - Amendment passed Senate

  • August 21, 1920 - Ratification completed

  • 1923 - Alice Paul and the Women’s Party introduced Equal Rights Amendment

  • 1972 - ERA passes Congress

  • 1982 - ERA fails to gain approval of 2/3 vote of states.


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Beyond Activities

  • Go home and ask an older female relative, “Do you think women are treated equally with men?”

  • Ask her to give an example or tell a story of an time when she was treated unfairly

  • What do you think are women’s roles in society today?


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