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Moose. The King Of Antlers. By: ES. Getting to Know Moose. females are called cows males are called bulls The scientific name is Alces Alces They live up to 25 years old They live alone They are in the deer family They are mammals. Physical Features. Huge Dark brown coat in summer

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Moose
Moose

The King Of Antlers

By: ES


Getting to Know Moose

  • females are called cows

  • males are called bulls

  • The scientific name is Alces Alces

  • They live up to 25 years old

  • They live alone

  • They are in the deer family

  • They are mammals


Physical features
Physical Features

  • Huge

  • Dark brown coat in summer

  • Light gray/brown coat in winter

  • Large ears that stand up

  • Large head with rounded muzzle and nostrils at the end

  • Thick neck

  • Long, thin legs

  • Thick, big body with stubby tail

  • Males have big antlers


Habitat
Habitat

  • FORESTS!!!

  • Swamps

  • Moose live in:

    • Scandinavia

    • Russia

    • Asia

    • Northern forests


Climate
Climate

  • Plenty of water

  • Lots of trees

  • Sometimes rainy

    In the winterIn the summer

    Snow in winter Summers warm or hot

    Freezing in winter


Food

  • Herbivores

  • They eat 100 pounds of plants each day

  • They eat: Grass, plants, bark, etc.

  • In summer eats water lilies, pond weed and water plants

  • Normally eats in shallow water

  • Occasionally eats in deep water

  • Sometimes kneels to eat


Prey and predator
Prey and Predator

Prey

Predators

Wolves

Black bear

Brown bear

  • Moose are herbivores

  • They eat plants


Behavior
Behavior

  • Swim to keep flies off

  • Protect their babies by fighting off other animals

  • Roll in mud to keep flies off

  • Males make their own territory

  • Males attract females by fighting and they also dig holes and pee in it. Then they roll in their pee. Ugh!!!

  • Lives alone


Babies
Babies

  • Moms are pregnant for about 240 days

  • Calves born in summer to early fall

  • Normally one calf born at a time

  • Sometimes 2 or 3 born at a time

  • Good to be born in a peninsula so they are near water.

  • Newborn weighs about 35 pounds


Physical adaptations
Physical Adaptations

  • Hooves help them run 35 mph when escaping

  • Hooves help them walk through snow, ponds, etc.

  • Tough lip grabs food

  • Fur coat keeps them warm

  • Hearing help them to escape enemies


Behavioral adaptations
Behavioral Adaptations

Nostrils close to keep water out

Swim to keep flies off

Make mud coat to keep flies off

Males Fight for females

Go in water to get food


Physiological adaptations
Physiological Adaptations

  • Digestive system has four chambers to chew rough food

  • Food goes down to 1st chamber, than up, down to 2nd chamber, up continuing the pattern

  • Excellent hearing helps avoid predators

  • Great eyesight helps avoid predators

  • Eyes adapted to see underwater


Fun facts
Fun Facts!

  • They are the largest member of the deer family

  • Can run up to 30 miles per hour

  • In Europe and Asia moose are called Elk

  • Only males have antlers

  • Moose have 24 teeth

  • Moose are drawn to salt on winter roads

  • In winter males’ antlers fall off and they grow back in the spring.


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