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Incarceration in WI County Jails…. and Implications for Family Living Educational Programming Mary Huser, Program Specialist UW-Extension/Cooperative Extension. August 2004. Poll: What is your current understanding of the WI inmate population?.

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incarceration in wi county jails

Incarceration in WI County Jails…

and

Implications for Family Living

Educational Programming

Mary Huser, Program Specialist

UW-Extension/Cooperative Extension

August 2004

poll what is your current understanding of the wi inmate population
Poll: What is your current understanding of the WI inmate population?
  • [PlaceWare Multiple Choice Poll. Use PlaceWare > Edit Slide Properties... to edit.]
  • a) I have a great deal of understanding
  • b) I have above average understanding
  • c) I have limited understanding
  • d) I am just starting to gain any understanding
slide3
Poll: How well prepared are you to decide whether to do (or continue doing) educational programming with inmates?
  • [PlaceWare Multiple Choice Poll. Use PlaceWare > Edit Slide Properties... to edit.]
  • a) Completely prepared
  • b) Adequately prepared
  • c) Moderately prepared
  • d) A little prepared
  • e) Not at all prepared
u s incarcerated population
U.S. Incarcerated Population
  • U.S. has highest rate of incarceration in the world
  • Midyear 2003, over 2 million persons were in U.S. prisons or jails; that’s 1 in every 140 U.S. residents
  • 2/3 in federal or state custody; 1/3 held in local jails

Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2003

jail definition
Jail Definition
  • Jails: Locally operated correctional facilities that confine persons before or after adjudication.
  • Sentence of 1 year or less; exceptions common
u s jail population
U.S. Jail Population

All Offenders

Offenders Held in Jail

Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2003

u s jail population1
U.S. Jail Population

Bureau of Justice Statistics Correctional Surveys, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/glance/jailag.htm

poll from 1992 to 2002 what was the trend in wi total jail admissions
Poll: From 1992 to 2002, what was the trend in WI total jail admissions?
  • [PlaceWare Multiple Choice Poll. Use PlaceWare > Edit Slide Properties... to edit.]
  • a) Jail admissions decreased by 10%
  • b) Jail admissions remained fairly constant
  • c) Jail admissions increased 37%
  • d) Jail admissions increased 63%
  • e) Jail admissions increased nearly 100%
wisconsin jail population
Wisconsin Jail Population

From 1992 to 2002, total jail admissions in WI increased 62.8%

  • Decreased
  • Remained constant
  • 37%
  • 63%
  • 100%

Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin – 2002

wisconsin jail population1
Wisconsin Jail Population

Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin -2002

wisconsin jail population2
Wisconsin Jail Population

County Jail Admissions (2001-2002)

  • 17 of 71 WI counties had decreases in jail admissions (range from -0.1 to

-25.0%)

  • Remaining 54 counties had increases in jail admissions (range from 0.2 to 60.4%)

Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin – 2002

county jail admissions change 2001 2002
County Jail Admissions, % Change 2001-2002

What change in total jail admissions did each Wisconsin county experience from 2001-2002?

2001 2002 wi jail admissions counties decreasing 0 1 25 0
2001-2002 WI Jail Admissions, Counties Decreasing 0.1-25.0%

Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin - 2002

characteristics of wi jail population
Characteristics of WI Jail Population
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Health and Living Conditions
  • Type of offense
  • Length of stay
wi jail population gender
WI Jail Population: Gender

Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin - 2002

wi jail population gender1
WI Jail Population: Gender

Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin - 2002

wi jail population gender2
WI Jail Population: Gender

What are the implications to educational programming…

…regarding gender trends in the jail population?

wi jail population race
WI Jail Population: Race

Based on 2002 U.S. Census Bureau estimated figures

wi jail population race1
WI Jail Population: Race

Based on 2002 U.S. Census Bureau estimated figures

wi jail population race2
WI Jail Population: Race

What are the implications to educational programming…

…regarding racial makeup in the jail population?

jail population health and living conditions
Jail Population: Health and Living Conditions
  • Mental Illness
  • Substance Abuse
  • Abuse (physical or sexual)
  • Homelessness
  • Unemployment
  • Literacy
jail population health and living conditions1
Jail Population: Health and Living Conditions

What are the implications to educational programming…

…regarding the health and living conditions among the jail population?

wi jail population type of offenses
WI Jail Population: Type of Offenses
  • No state data; need to obtain locally
  • Nationally, majority of offenders in jails committed property or public-order offenses
  • Convicted vs. unconvicted inmates
poll what is the average length of stay for a wi jail inmate
Poll: What is the average length of stay for a WI jail inmate...
  • [PlaceWare Multiple Choice Poll. Use PlaceWare > Edit Slide Properties... to edit.]
  • a) 19 days
  • b) 29 days
  • C) 39 days
  • D) 90 days
wi jail population length of stay
WI Jail Population: Length of Stay

From 2001-2002,

  • Average length of stay = 19.3 days

Implications to educational programming?

wi jail population implications for educational programs
WI Jail Population – Implications for Educational Programs

► SUMMARY: Education is one part of a comprehensive system-wide approach to addressing the needs of jail inmate populations (treatment and employment other crucial components).

Family Living’s educational role (in life skills education) is one part of the education component.

resources cited
Resources Cited

from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice:

  • http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/pjim03.htm - “Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2003”
  • http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/cj99.htm - “Census of Jail, 1999”

from the WI Office of Justice Assistance:

  • http://oja.state.wi.us/docs_view2.asp?docid=2409 – “Adult Jail Populations in Wisconsin – 2002”
additional resources
Additional Resources

from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice:

  • http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/jic02.htm - “Jails in Indian Country, 2002”
  • http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/mhtip.htm - “Mental Health and Treatment of Inmates and Probationers”
incarceration in wi county jails1

Incarceration in WI County Jails…

and

Implications for Family Living

Educational Programming

Mary Geissler, Family Living Educator

Chippewa County UW-Extension

August 2004

slide36

Life After Incarceration Curriculum

Developed by Aadron Rausch, Extension Specialist, Purdue University

Submitted by Mary Geissler, UW-Extension Family Living Agent

Chippewa County WI

August 13, 2004

  • Life After Incarceration (LAI) is a pre-release program designed to promote family reunification and enhance successful community reintegration for persons in a county jail.
    • The first three months after release can be a critical period for the offender and his family.
    • Inmates are personally interviewed by Extension Family Living Agent.
life after incarceration
Life After Incarceration
  • The curriculum provides for twelve, ninety-minute sessions
  • Targets offenders about 3-6 months prior to their release
  • Physical setting of classes must be considered
  • Jail Orientation: Provided by jail staff (usually) prior to start of programming.
life after incarceration1
Life After Incarceration

Curriculum Emphases:

  • Stress and Coping
  • Decision Making
  • Education
  • Vocational Focus
life after incarceration2
Life After Incarceration

Emphases (cont.)

  • Returning to family and friends
  • Focus on children
  • Evaluation/Impact
life after incarceration3
Life After Incarceration

What I might encounter setting up this program:

  • Jail staff can be “unreceptive” to programming for inmates
  • Initial class size may change due to inmate shifting to other jails/prisons, early releases, ankle bracelet monitoring
  • Be prepared for a some ‘bravado’ and unrealistic thinking patterns
  • Class times can be delayed by crisis situations occurring in other parts of the jail (lock-downs, etc.)
  • Prepare to teach very ethnically/racially diverse audiences
life after incarceration4
Life After Incarceration

Positives about the program:

  • This population wants to be in your classes
  • Often is “ready” to listen and participate
  • Inmates are appreciative of programming – especially when they know the instructor isn’t getting ‘paid’, comes in after hours and teaches with what inmates perceive to be a sense of “fairness” without regard to ethnic/racial orientations.
  • Follow-up information can be professionally and personally rewarding to instructors
incarceration in wi county jails2

Incarceration in WI County Jails…

and

Implications for Family Living

Educational Programming

Karen Dickrell, Family Living Educator

Outagamie County UW-Extension

August 2004

lessons karen learned
Lessons Karen Learned:
  • Involve the learners in the educational planning.
  • Slow down and don’t push too fast.
    • Develop key concepts
    • Build in review time
  • Encourage peer teaching
    • Discussion Questions
    • Sharing
still learning
Still Learning…
  • Don’t try too hard to persuade
    • Our rightness may not be as universal as we think, there are cultural differences…
    • Remember your role is educator
  • Work at building trust
    • Comfort level
    • Sharing
    • Past educational experiences
believe it or not
Believe it or not…
  • Acknowledge the right to resist learning.
    • Some people just do not want to learn.
    • Encourage them to be involved in future topics if there is an interest.
    • “There’s nothing that says they have to learn and be involved.”

S. Joseph Levine

Michigan State University

given the advice
Given the advice…
  • Read “Guide to Educational Programming with Incarcerated Audiences” written by Mary Huser and Kathy Miller. https://www.uwex.edu/ces/flp/apps/flrc/team/stress/index.cfm
  • Points to consider:
    • Will the effort adhere to our county and Extension’s educational mission?
    • Will it fit program guidelines?
    • Am I likely to positively impact the learners?
educator skill comfort and safety concerns
Educator Skill, Comfort and Safety Concerns:
  • Local Priority
  • Local Data
  • Fit into Plan of Work
  • Collaboration and Relationships key
  • Use and Apply Educational Info.
  • Complements other programs
  • Outcomes Consistent with Stakeholders?
  • Professional Training in place?
  • Training from jail/staff in place?
  • Your comfort Level
  • Facility Safety
educational program design and content considerations
Educational Program Design and Content Considerations:
  • Audience needs and learning styles
  • Access to effective educational resources
  • Evaluation Evidence
  • Program Intensity and Duration
  • Complements program focus and design.
  • Specific sub-groups
other considerations
Other Considerations
  • Alternative Teaching Techniques
  • Scholarship
  • Fair Selection of Participants
  • Human Subjects Protection
  • Is this an area you are comfortable working in?
  • Do you need more information?
poll after this wisline web how has your understanding of the wi inmate jail population changed
Poll: After this Wisline Web, how has your understanding of the WI inmate jail population changed?
  • [PlaceWare Multiple Choice Poll. Use PlaceWare > Edit Slide Properties... to edit.]
  • a) I now have a more complete understanding.
  • b) My understanding really hasn\'t changed.
  • c) I am more confused now than before.
slide51
Poll: After this Wisline Web, how well prepared are you to decide whether to do (or continue doing) educational programming with inmates?
  • [PlaceWare Multiple Choice Poll. Use PlaceWare > Edit Slide Properties... to edit.]
  • a) Completely prepared
  • b) Adequately prepared
  • c) Moderately prepared
  • d) A little prepared
  • e) Not at all prepared
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