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Developing & Implementing Master Bike & Pedestrian Plans. Heleen Dewey Spokane Regional Health District March 2010. Objective. Involve transportation, planning and public health in the development of master bike and pedestrian plans. Public Health & Planning. A story. About Spokane.

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Developing implementing master bike pedestrian plans

Developing & ImplementingMaster Bike & Pedestrian Plans

Heleen Dewey

Spokane Regional Health District

March 2010


Objective
Objective

  • Involve transportation, planning and public health in the development of master bike and pedestrian plans




About spokane1
About Spokane

  • 2008 Spokane County population 459,000 (estimate)

  • City of Spokane largest jurisdiction at 204,400

    Our health and activity level?

  • 60% of County residents overweight or obese

  • Fewer than half of all adults and children get recommended levels of physical activity


2006 non motorized transportation study
2006 Non-Motorized Transportation Study

  • Average commute is a half-mile for walkers and 1½ for bikers

  • 1% of trips by bike (2% nationally)

  • 9% of trips by walking (same as nation)

  • 42% of children are driven

[1] Nonmortorized Transportation Pilot Program Evaluation Study. University of Minnesota. 2007. Communities surveyed: Marin County, CA; Minneapolis, MN, Sheboygan, WI, Columbia, MO, and Spokane, WA


How spokane got started
How Spokane got started…

  • 2004 -$3500 annual grant for 5-years from WSDOT/WSDOH in cooperation with CDC

  • Co-facilitated by Spokane Regional Health District and City of Spokane

  • Task Force made up of professionals, advocates, and agency representatives

  • Facilitated a series of events/workshops

  • Educated elected officials


Active living symposium
Active Living Symposium

  • Education on connecting public health and planning specific to our community

    Outcomes:

  • City of Spokane Plan Commission reviews Comprehensive Plan for healthy community policies

  • Illustrated then Councilwoman Verner’s 2007 Quality of Life resolution


Connecting the city
Connecting the City

  • Generate ideas and support to develop a stronger non-motorized plan within the City of Spokane

  • Identify priority projects and effective policy/regulatory intervention

  • Existing plan not implemented and needed updating

  • Lack of clarity in non-motorized transportation planning (funding, RTPO involvement, priorities)

  • More communication/collaboration among different user groups


Outcome of workshop
Outcome of Workshop

  • Enforce development standards

  • Bike/Pedestrian coordinator

  • Impact fees

  • Bike boulevards

  • Stripe streets

  • Route across river

  • Sidewalks

  • Fill gaps

  • Need pedestrian plans


Spokane regional pedestrian plan
Spokane Regional Pedestrian Plan

  • 3-year DOH Preventative Health Block Grant

  • Focus to incorporate physical activity policies into community pedestrian planning documents

    • First year Regional; Guidance document provided by Spokane Regional Transportation Council.

    • City of Spokane planning

    • Smaller jurisdictions in the county

    • Complete Streets education


Pedestrian plan process
Pedestrian Plan - Process

  • Included a community process with multiple agencies

  • Analyzed current data

  • Surveyed residents

  • Surveyed planners/engineers in jurisdictions

  • Draft plan in a team approach


Residents survey
Residents Survey

Barriers to pedestrian travel:

  • Lack of crosswalks

  • No sidewalks, sidewalks in disrepair, gaps and snow removal needed

  • Lack of lighting

  • Poor driver behaviors

  • School issues, too much traffic near schools and moving too fast thru neighborhoods


Planner engineer survey
Planner Engineer Survey

Barriers to implementing pedestrian facilities:

  • Inadequate funding

  • Lack of staffing and training

  • Lack of pedestrian inventory/network

  • Lack of understanding of health & economic benefits of walking

  • Consideration for disabled users



Goal 1 support all levels of pedestrian travel by developing plans projects and programs
GOAL 1: Support all levels of pedestrian travel by developing plans, projects, and programs


GOAL 2: Design & implement changes in the infrastructure to increase pedestrian safety and connectivity


GOAL 3: Support the planning, funding, & public knowledge of integrated networks of paved pedestrian paths that serve as an alternative to roadways & facilitate non-motorized travel to and through neighborhoods, shopping, parks, schools, & transit accessible areas.


Goal 4 improve actual perceived pedestrian safety security
GOAL 4: Improve actual & perceived pedestrian safety & security


Goal 5 support all pedestrian travel to improve physical health slow obesity chronic disease
GOAL 5: Support all pedestrian travel to improve physical health & slow obesity & chronic disease


Goal 6 pursue funding to maintain enhance expand pedestrian facilities
GOAL 6: Pursue funding to maintain, enhance & expand pedestrian facilities.


Goal 7 increase the number of school children who walk to school by 2 from 26 to 28
GOAL 7: Increase the number of school children who walk to school by 2% from 26% to 28%


Other key public health recommendations
Other key public health recommendations

  • Regionally significant project list

  • Complete street policies

  • Functional trail connections

  • Support transit use & linkages to transit


Insights
Insights

  • Understanding each other’s goals, needs, strengths

  • Clearinghouse

  • Quiet catalyst – could seed the project, didn’t have to own it

  • Capacity – education, outreach, new Ideas

  • Unintentional succession plan

  • Timing – health, smart growth, gas prices, sustainability, economics/market demands, political climate, grassroots

  • Another face for funding requests

  • Rediscover the connections between planning and public health


Next steps
Next steps…

  • Quiet Catalyst - partnerships

    • YMCA Pioneering Healthier Communities

    • SmartRoutes 2010

    • Lands Council

  • Complete streets resolution – Board of Health

  • Active Technical Transportation Committee

  • Health impact assessment training

  • Active Living Leadership

  • Elected officials


Heleen Dewey

Physical Activity & Nutrition Program

509-324-1555 [email protected]


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