The role of women business ownership in the u s economy
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The Role of Women Business Ownership in the U.S. Economy. A Presentation to OWBO Conference Ying Lowrey, Ph.D. [email protected] September 19, 2011 at the Washington Plaza Hotel. Outline. Supporting small business including women-owned business was mandated by Congress

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The Role of Women Business Ownership in the U.S. Economy

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The Role of Women Business Ownership in the U.S. Economy

A Presentation to OWBO Conference

Ying Lowrey, Ph.D.

[email protected]

September 19, 2011 at the Washington Plaza Hotel


Outline

  • Supporting small business including women-owned business was mandated by Congress

  • Pervasiveness of business ownership is the key to improving people’s economic wellbeing

  • Business creation is job creation

  • Economic growth did not increase the median household income

  • Income disparity between large vs. small businesses is the reason for the erosion of business ownership


Small Business Act

  • Promulgated in July 1953

  • “The essence of the American economic system of private enterprise is free competition.”

  • “The preservation and expansion of such competition is basic not only to the economic well-being but to the security of this Nation.”

  • “Such security and well-being cannot be realized unless the actual and potential capacity of small business is encouraged and developed.”


Women's Business Ownership Act

  • Established in 1988

  • “Women owned business has become a major contributor to the American economy by providing goods and services, revenues, and jobs.”

  • “Over the past two decades there have been substantial gains in the social and economic status of women as they have sought economic equality and independence.”

  • “Despite such progress, women, as a group, are subjected to discrimination in entrepreneurial endeavors due to their gender.”

  • “It is in the national interest to expeditiously remove discriminatory barriers to the creation and development of small business concerns owned and controlled by women.”


Owning a Business Doubles (or 8 Times) the Probability of Being High Income (or High Net Wealth) Household


Business Density (Business Number per 1,000 People) and Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity


WBD has stronger explanatory power for median household income, 1997, 2002, and 2007


Business Creation is Job CreationNearly 6 million jobs created by new startups in 2007; over 34% created by women-owned firms; 10% were employment jobs and 90% were entrepreneurial jobs.


Business Density Has Expanded Since 1997 for All Businesses and Women-Owned BusinessesYear BD WBD1997 76 202002 80 232007 90 26


Ten States had Negative Growth Rate of Real Median Household Income for 1997-2007 Despite High GSP Growth


Both number and receipts of publicly-held firms consistently increased since 1997; the receipt of privately-owned firms consistently decreased


Number of U.S. firms and business receipts, 2007: 3% of total firms were publicly-held but had 64% of total U.S. business receipts


Some of My Reports on Gender

  • September 2011 – Gender Issues: Privately Owned and Publicly Held U.S. Firms

  • August 2010 – Gender and Establishment Dynamics, 2002-2006

  • August 2006 – Women in Business: A Demographic Review of Women’s Business Ownership

  • September 2005 – U.S. Sole Proprietorships: A Gender Comparison, 1985-2000


Conclusions

  • Owning a business doubles the probability of being high income household (or 8 times high net wealth household)

  • States with high business density tend to have higher household income and lower poverty rate

  • Women Business Density has stronger explanatory power than total BD for medium household income

  • In 2007, women-owned startups created 34% of total 6 million new jobs, of which, 10% were employment jobs and 90% were entrepreneurial jobs

  • Ten states had negative growth rate of real median household income for 1997-2007 despite high GSP growth


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