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The Nail and its Disorders: Nail Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Cosmetology. The Nail and its Disorders: Nail Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions. Onychosis. Onychosis: any disease, disorder, or condition of the nail. 1. To protect yourself and the client nail services should not be performed.

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The Nail and its Disorders: Nail Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions

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The nail and its disorders nail diseases disorders and conditions l.jpg

Cosmetology

The Nail and its Disorders: Nail Diseases, Disorders, and Conditions


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Onychosis

  • Onychosis: any disease, disorder, or condition of the nail.

    1. To protect yourself and the client nail services should not be performed.

    2. If a disease is present, the client must be referred to a physician.

    3. If a disorder is present, a nail service may be done with extra care.

    4. If a condition is present, nail services can be performed with the proper techniques, products, and nutrition.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Determine Onychosis

  • Determine Onychosis

    1. Identify the disease, disorder, or condition.

    2. Identify etiology or cause of the disease, disorder, or condition; which could be internally, environmentally or or disease related.

    3. Identify the onychosis (diagnosis) and give an outlook (prognosis).

    4. Suggest home care products and treatments.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Analyze the hands and nails

  • When you are examining the hands and nails there are six signs of infection to look for; pain, swelling, redness, local fever, throbbing, and pus.

  • If any of these signs are present, you cannot perform services, but instead refer that person to a physician.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Diseases

  • Key Point: Any person with a nail disease must be referred to a physician

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Diseases

  • Onychomycosis: also known as tinea unguium; is ringworm of the nail

    1. Cause: fungus.

    2. Signs: nail will become thick, and discolored ranging from black to white, white scaly patches with yellow streaks under the nail; nail may fall off.

  • Tinea Manus: ringworm of the nail.

    1. Cause: fungus.

    2. Signs: looks like a ring with small blisters, dark pink to red in color, sometimes has dry flakes, and spread to other parts of the body.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Diseases

  • Tinea Pedis: also known as ringworm of the feet or athlete’s foot

    1. Cause: fungus.

    2. Signs: itching and peeling of the skin on feet, group or single blisters containing fluids and are found on sores and between toes.

  • Paroncyhia: also know as felon, is an inflammation of skin around the nail.

    1. Cause: bacterial infection from an infected hangnail of contaminated implements.

    2. Signs: red, swollen, warm to touch, and nail may fall off.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Diseases

  • Onychoptosis: shedding or falling off of nails.

    1. Cause: disease and injury to the nail.

    2. Signs: may occur on one or two nails and nail bed may be sensitive.

  • Onychia: inflammation of the nail matrix.

    1. Cause: bacterial infections and disease related.

    2. Signs: inflammation of the nail matrix, pus, red, swollen, and tender; nail may stop growing and detach.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Diseases

  • Onychatrophia: atrophy of the nail or wasting away of the nail.

    1.Cause: injury or systemic disease (illness, nutrition, or heredity).

    2. Signs: nail gets smaller in size and may lift from nail bed.

  • Oycholysis: loosening or separation of the nail.

    1. Cause: internal disorder, infection or drug treatment.

    2. Signs: loosening of the nail plate; nail is still attached to the root and does not fall off.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Disorders

  • Key Point: Clients with a nail disorder may receive a service unless infection is present.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Disorders

  • Blue nail: appear blue in color.

    1. Cause: Systemic problems of the heart; poor blood circulation or injury.

    2. Signs: nail appears to be blue; common in older people.

    3. Treatment: recommend seeing a physician; give manicure with care and light pressure.

  • Corrugations: horizontal ridges across the nail.

    1. Cause: injury of systemic condition.

    2. Signs: ridges in the nail.

    3. Treatment: may be lightly buffed; apply base coat or ridge filler.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Disorders

  • Kolionychia: also know as spoon nails are nails with a concave shape.

    1. Cause: systemic or long-term illness or nerve disturbance.

    2. Signs: odd shaped nails.

    3. Treatments: file carefully; no pressure; use polish to harden and protect nail.

  • Furrows: indented vertical lines down the nail plate.

    1. Cause: injury to the matrix; nutrition, injury or illness, pushing to hard with cuticle pusher during manicure or exposure to harsh chemicals.

    2. Signs: vertical lines down the nail plate.

    3. Treatments: lightly buff; use base coat or ridge filler

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Disorders

  • Onychogryposis: also know as claw nails, have an increased curvature of the nail.

    1. Cause: systemic.

    2. Signs: thickness and curving of the nail that may occur with age of injury.

    3. Treatment: carefully clean under free edge, file with an emery board and keep nails short; nail trimming should be performed by a podiatrist.

  • Onychocryptosis: ingrown nail.

    1. Cause: environmental or improper trimming of the nails; occurs on toes if shoes are too tight, or the toenails are filed too deep into the sides.

    2. Signs: nail grown into the edge of the nail groove.

    3. Treatments: soften skin, trim nail straight across.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Disorders

  • Onychauxis: also known as hypertrophy , which is a thickening of overgrowth of the nail plate.

    1. Cause: injury to the nail or systemic.

    2. Signs: thickening of the nail plate.

    3. Treatment: lightly buff to even out nail.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Conditions

  • Key Point: Clients with nail conditions have minor irregularities, which allow them to receive nail services.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Conditions

  • Aganails: also know as hangnails are split cuticles; loose skin separates from the cuticle.

    1. Cause: dry cuticle; environmental.

    2. Signs: break in skin at the corners of the nail.

    3. Treatment: may be trimmed with cuticle

    nippers; moisturize and apply cuticle oil.

  • Bruised Nail: dark purplish color under the nail.

    1. Cause: injury to nail; environmental; blood becomes trapped under nail.

    2. Signs: discoloration under the nail.

    3. Treatment: do not apply pressure on nail plate.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Nail Conditions

  • Onychophagy: bitten nails.

    1. Cause: nervous habit; stress related.

    2. Signs: sensitive to touch; nail plate may appear flat and deformed.

    3. Treatment: recommend that client receives a weekly manicure with polish

  • Onychorrexis: split or brittle nails.

    1. Cause: injury, improper filing, or exposure to harsh chemicals.

    2. Signs: thin, splitting nails.

    3. Treatments: soften nails before trimming, recommend client use daily moisturizers and use rubber gloves when hands are exposed to water or chemicals.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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Pigmentation Problems

  • Any discoloration of the nail may indicate a problem in the nail bed or nail plate.

  • These signs should not be ignored, but referred to a physician.

Cosmetology I: Nail Disorders, Diseases, & Conditions


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