Chapter 23-US and old World order.
Panama Canal was emblematic of the rise of America to increasingly nationalistic and interventionist power. European diplomats believed they could maintain global order by dividing the world into spheres of influence and creating a series of political alliances. They were wrong. Europe\'s Old World order collapsed in a terrible war.
Taft attempted to substitute "dollar diplomacy" for "dollars for bullets." Unsuccessful in China, the Taft-Knox policies did help American capital to penetrate Latin America.
Wilson proclaimed a policy of neutrality. By standing above the fray, he believed the United States could lead the world to a higher peace of international cooperation and collective security.
"Once led into a war, our people will forget that there was ever such a thing as tolerance . . . ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of our national life, infecting Congress, the courts, the policeman, the man in the street." --Woodrow Wilson on the eve of requesting from Congress a declaration of war
Republicans dominate congress- angry with wartime controls, taxes, and violations on civil liberties.
"America\'s present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums, but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration; not agitation, but adjustment; not surgery, but serenity; not the dramatic, but the dispassionate; not experiment, but equipoise; not submergence in internationality, but sustainment in triumphant nationality...."