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Care dependency policies in a European perspective – Selected Issues. Bratislava, December 3rd 2009. Manfred Huber, Ricardo Rodrigues, Frédérique Hoffmann, Katrin Gasior and Bernd Marin. Portrait of Informal Carers Challenges to avoid future Care Gaps
Bratislava, December 3rd 2009
Manfred Huber, Ricardo Rodrigues, Frédérique Hoffmann, Katrin Gasior and Bernd Marin
Challenges to avoid future Care Gaps
Further Research & Preliminary Conclusions
Relationship between the carer and the care recipient in percentage
Source: OECD (2005); National Sources for Israel and the Slovak Republic; EUROFAMCARE national reports (2004).
Family help as a percentage of help to people aged 75+ by country and domain, 2000/2001
Source: EUROFAMCARE and national sources.
Family carers by gender and country
Regardless of „care regimes“
Source: National sources, OECD (2005) and EUROFAMCARE national reports.
Percentage of the population aged 15+ providing informal care to a relative aged 60+ (1999)
Intimacy at a
distance in the North
Sharing roof and care in the South
Source: Own calculations based on Walker (1999).
Living arrangements for older people, by gender (based on 2001 Census data)
Older Northern Europeans likely to live alone…
Greece – Total 65+
Source: Karagiannaki (2005)
… unlike older Southern Europeans (albeit less and less so)
Source: UNDESA/Population Division (2005), Eurostat 2001 Census data.
Older people want to age in place but...
Question 7a: If your elderly parent lives alone and needs long-term care, what in your opinion would be the best option?
Source: Eurobarometer (2008), question: 7a.
EUROBAROMETER (2007): In your opinion, do dependent older people rely too much on their relatives?
Lack of care services…
Providing care to co-residents…
… explaining carers’ burden?
Source: EUROBAROMETER (2007)
Full-time carers are likely to experience some degree of isolation and/or psychological distress (depression, anxiety…)
Providing care for older family members by country and age group
Source: OECD (2005), EUROFAMCARE national reports.
Age group with the largest share of informal carers is the 45-64 year olds
Source: National sources, EUROFAMCARE national reports, Lamura et al. (2006).
Across the EU on average just over 40% of informal carers were in gainful employment
“Support ratio”: number of women aged 45-64 for each 80 year-old (2006 or 2005)
Average age of carers
Source: EUROFAMCARE national reports (2004).