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Behavior Management. Learning Theory Behavior Modification Behavior Management . Human Behavior. Human Relationships. Parent Child. Predictability Readability Responsiveness. Feedback Loop. Feelings of efficacy Feelings of helplessness

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Presentation Transcript
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Learning Theory

  • Behavior Modification
  • Behavior Management
parent child
Parent Child
  • Predictability
  • Readability
  • Responsiveness
feedback loop
Feedback Loop
  • Feelings of efficacy Feelings of helplessness

Competent System Helpless System

parenting styles
Parenting Styles
  • Authoritative
  • Indulgent
  • Authoritarian
  • Neglectful/Abusive
authoritative
Authoritative
  • Parental warmth
  • Inductive discipline
  • Non-physical and mild punishments
  • Consistency in child rearing
indulgent
Indulgent
  • Overly permissive
  • Difficulty setting limits
  • Reversed family hierarchy/Boundary problems
authoritarian
Authoritarian
  • Limited warmth
  • Harsh physical punishment/Unreasonable punishment
  • One-sided discipline
neglectful and abusive
Neglectful and Abusive
  • Disrespectful of child’s basic needs
  • Physically aggressive in discipline
  • Disregard for child’s welfare
  • Limited involvement in child’s life
limit setting
Limit Setting
  • Predictability
  • Readability
  • Responsiveness
giving commands assertively
Giving Commands Assertively
  • 1. Move close to child.
  • 2. Stern facial expression.
  • 3. Say his or her name.
  • 4. Get and maintain eye-contact.
  • 5. Firm tone of voice.
  • 6. Give a direct, simple and clear command.
  • 7. State a consequence for disobedience.
  • 8. Back it up.
six basic rules for effective management
SixBasic Rules for Effective Management
  • 1. Set clear rules and post in visible location
  • 2. Reward good behavior
  • 3. Don’t accidentally reward bad behavior
  • 4. Punish by using mild consequences
  • 5. Expect behavioral bursts
  • 6. Effective communication between parents
active ignoring
Active ignoring
  • 1. Briefly remove all attention from child.
  • 2. Refuse to argue, scold or talk.
  • 3. Turn head and avoid eye contact.
  • 4. Do not show anger in manner, gestures, or speech.
  • 5. Act absorbed in another activity or leave room.
  • 6. Be aware of accidental reinforcement.
  • 7. Give child lots of attention when behavior stops.
negative control techniques
Negative Control Techniques
  • Advantages of time out
    • 1. Quickly weakens many bad behaviors and stops some behaviors completely.
    • 2. Easy for parents
    • 3. Less emotional side effects for parents.
    • 4. Parents modeling rational and non-aggressive behaviors
    • 5. Parent-child relationships returns to normal after the time out.
steps for time out
Steps for Time Out
  • 1. Select target behavior
  • 2. Count how often this behavior occurs
  • 3. Pick out a boring place for time out
  • 4. Explain time out to child
  • 5. Wait for the target behavior to occur
  • 6. Place child in time out using no more than 10 words and 10 seconds.
  • 7. Get a portable timer and set it to ring in __ minutes, placed within hearing distance
  • 8. Wait for the timer to ring, remove all attention from child while he is in time out
  • 9. Ask child why he was sent to time out before release.
natural consequences
Natural Consequences
  • These are controlled by nature and happenstance,
    • Playing rough with the cat leads to being scratched or bitten.
    • Breaking a toy leads to its loss (don’t replace it).
    • Not wearing jacket leads to being cold.
logical consequences
Logical Consequences
  • These are controlled by parent:
    • Riding bike in street leads to loss of bike for 1 week.
    • Refusal to brush teeth leads to no candy, soft drinks, or desserts.
response cost
Response Cost
  • Loss of everyday privileges following misbehavior or noncompliance
  • Every day is a fresh start
  • No warnings
  • Consequences from least to most severe
  • Easy and cheap
positive control strategies
Positive Control Strategies
  • Grandma’s Rule
  • Positive Practice
  • Reward Alternative Behavior
  • Reward Other Child (Modeling)
points tokens and contracts
Points Tokens and Contracts
  • Steps
    • 1. Select target behavior(s)
    • 2. Make a point-reward calendar
    • 3. Write a menu of rewards
    • 4. Keep track of points earned and spent
    • 5. Adjust the reward program
    • 6. Phase out the program
obstacles to effective behavior management
Obstacles to Effective Behavior Management
  • 1. Co-existing Conditions
  • 2. The wrong person is upset
  • 3. Not staying with the strategy long enough
  • 4. Staying with the strategy too long
  • 5. Human tendency to focus on the negative
  • 6. Assuming saliency of consequence
  • 7. Parental emotional reactivity
screen media concerns
Screen Media Concerns
  • Each hour of TV watched by preschoolers increases by 10% the likelihood of ADHD by age 7
  • AAP recommends NO screen media for children less than 2 years old. For older children up to 2 hours daily of educational and non-violent material
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