A short history and some insight into the future of it
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A short history… and some insight into the future of IT. Lionel Brunie National Institute of Applied Science (INSA) LIRIS Laboratory/DRIM Team – UMR CNRS 5205 Lyon, France http://liris.cnrs.fr/lionel.brunie. Lyon.

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A short history and some insight into the future of it

A short history… and some insight into the future of IT

Lionel Brunie

National Institute of Applied Science (INSA)

LIRIS Laboratory/DRIM Team – UMR CNRS 5205

Lyon, France

http://liris.cnrs.fr/lionel.brunie


A short history and some insight into the future of it

Lyon

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Laboratoire d informatique en image et syst mes d information umr cnrs 5205 liris

Laboratoire d ’InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d’Information –UMR CNRS 5205 (LIRIS)

  • ~280 persons – ~100 permanent researchers and staff – ~180 PhD students

  • 2 departments:

    • Image processing

    • Data-Knowledge-Services

  • DRIM team: Distributed processing and Retrieval of Multimedia Information

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Agenda

Agenda

  • Back to (pre-)history

  • What has happened to IT ?

  • Visions for a new (IT) world ?

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it

A short history of computers and IT…

60 years ago…

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it1

A short history of computers and IT…

20 years ago…

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it2

A short history of computers and IT…

Today…

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it3

A short history of computers and IT…

Today…

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it4

A short history of computers and IT…

Tomorrow ?

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it the jaguar

A short history of computers and IT… The Jaguar

  • 224162 cores – Memory: 300 TB – Disk: 10 PB

  • AMD x86_64 Opteron Six Core 2600 MHz (10.4 GFlops)

  • Rmax = 1759 – Rpeak = 2331

  • Power: 6,950 MW

  • http://www.nccs.gov/jaguar/

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history of computers and it the lcg system architecture

A short history of computers and IT…The LCG System Architecture

Tier-0

Trigger and Data Acquisition System

10 Gbps links

Optical Private Network (to almost all sites)

Tier-1

General Purpose/Academic/Research Network

Tier-2

From F. Malek – LCG FRance

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


And in 2010 a still new paradigm the cloud

And in 2010, a (still) new paradigm: the Cloud

  • “A large-scale distributed computing paradigm that is driven by economies of scale, in which a pool of abstracted, virtualized, dynamically-scalable, managed computing power, storage, platforms, and services are delivered on demand to external customers over the Internet”

  • Amazon, Google, Microsoft… even L’Oréal !

  • Everything as a service

    • Infrastructure as a service

    • Platform as a service

    • Software as a service

  • Behind the scene: a grid

  • Do not worry, be happy: the cloud takes care of your all your digital activities

  • Issue: digital activity, digital life, life ?

  • For the first time in the history of mankind, some[body, thing] can know everything about your life: your professional data, your friends, the movies/the leisure you like, your friends, your political opinions, your mood…

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


What has happened to it

What has happened to IT ?

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Technological evolutions

Technological Evolutions

  • « Universal » identification

    • RFID - Electronic Product Code (EPC) – EPCGlobalNetwork – Object Naming Service (ONS)

    • IETF Host Identity Protocol (HIP)

  • Large bandwidth communications

    • Optical fiber

    • 3G, 3G+, 4G, WiMax

    • WiFi Direct

  • Geopositioning

    • GPS/Galileo

    • GSM

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Technological evolutions cont d

Technological Evolutions (Cont’d)

  • Super computing

    • Parallel super-computers (1- Jaguar (224162 cores, 2,3(1,7) Pflops)):

    • Super-clusters (Google 1,8 millions of servers ? Soon 10 millions ?)

  • Super storage

    • Key: ~GB

    • Disk: ~TB

    • Data Center: ~PB

  • Micro-Nano technologies

  • Sensors – Sensor networks

  • Convergence digital camera – telephone – laptop → smartphone

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Software evolutions

Software Evolutions

  • Cloud computing

  • Social networks

  • Services - SOA

  • E-Services

  • Mobility (M-services)

  • Object  Service / Service  Object

    All digital, any where, any time Era

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Vision calm technology

« Vision »: « Calm Technology »

  • « The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it »

  • [The objective of pervasive computing is to ] “ … make a computer so imbedded, so fitting, so natural, that we use it without even thinking about it.”

  • “Ubiquitous (pervasive) computing is roughly the opposite of virtual reality. Where virtual reality puts people inside a computer-generated world, ubiquitous computing forces the computer to live out here in the world with people.”

  • « A new way of thinking about computers in the world, one that takes into account the natural human environment and allows the computers themselves to vanish in the background »

    Mark Weiser, Xerox PARC, 1991-

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Vision cont d

Vision (Cont’d)

  • [M. Satyanarayanan, 2001]

    • Pervasive computing environment = « one saturated with computing and communication capability, yet so gracefully integrated with users that it becomes ‘a technology that disappears’ »

    • So:

      • “Smart” spaces

      • “Invisibility” and transparency

      • Scalability

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Visions cont d

Visions (Cont’d))

  • « I just want to use these f… so-called smart objects/appliances/… »

  • « I want to get rid of the software/hardware/network organization/structure: I just want to access my personal data and the data I need what ever the place /when ever the time

  • « Put down the barriers »: no network interconnection pb, no computer administration frontiers

  • What about security/privacy ???

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Visions summary

Visions (Summary)

  • The « object-subject » is actor (a first-class citizen) of the system

    • smart objects / smart everything

    • active objects

  • « Intelligence » is, at first, the « network » i.e., the ability to exchange information

  • « Intelligence », is also the ability to self-adapt to the user profile and the context (« context awareness »), to weave into the environment

  • « Ego » is part of the context

  • « Intelligence », finally, is the ability to organize:

    • autonomously (autonomic computing, self healing…)

    • spontaneously

      Ecosystem

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Applications of ubi perv comp for today

Applications of Ubi./ Perv. Comp. (for today)

  • Sensor networks (smart dust)

  • Home networks

  • Patient monitoring (personal area networks)

  • Emergency management / battlefield / borders monitoring

  • Museums and pervasive buildings

  • Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANET) / MANET

  • Alert management (parking, kids, etc.)

  • Supply chain

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Applications of ubi perv comp for tomorrow maybe

Applications of Ubi./ Perv. Comp. for tomorrow… maybe

  • Society and RFID

  • Personal data spaces

  • Web of things

  • Machine To Machine (M2M) / Object To Object (O2O)

    • The never lasting intelligent fridge ?

    • Maintenance – Supply chain

    • « Intelligent » sensors networks

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


A short history and some insight into the future of it

Applications of Ubi./ Perv. Comp. for tomorrow… maybe(Cont’d)

  • U-Society

    • People to People (P2P): Facebook on your telefonino

    • People to Object (P2O): Pachube

    • Geopositioned Services: App Store

  • Spimes (Bruce Sterling) ?

  • « Hypermatter » (Bernard Stiegler) ?

  • Do-IOT-Yourself: Arduino / Fab Lab ?

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


Back to the vision the cloud

Back to the « vision »: the Cloud

  • An old dream: Computing as a utility (John Mac Carthy: “Computation may someday be organized as a public utility” (1961))

  • A supposed to be user centered vision

    • managing a computer is exhausting

    • the user does not care about the system components: the user just want his problem to be solved

    • eliminate the burden of the software/hardware management

    • allow the user benefit from economies of scale

  • A business vision

    • a small set of computing power providers

    • a global market

    • an integrated « hyper-market »: computing, entertainment, learning ?

    • for the best of the big companies

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


What it world do you want to build

What IT world do you want to build ?

PhD course - Milan, March 2010 - 07/09/2014


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