The push pull factor
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The Push-Pull Factor. By Teresa Potter, OKAGE Teacher Consultant. What is. The movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semi-permanent residence, usually across a political boundary. Types of Migration. Internal

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The Push-Pull Factor

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The Push-Pull Factor

By Teresa Potter, OKAGE Teacher Consultant

What is

The movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semi-permanent residence, usually across a political boundary.

Types of Migration

  • Internal

  • External

  • Emigration

  • Immigration

  • Population Transfer

  • Impelled Migration

  • Step Migration

  • Chain Migration

  • Return Migration

  • Seasonal Migration

People Who Migrate

  • Emigrant

  • Immigrant

  • Refugee

  • Internally Displaced Person (IDP)

  • Migration Stream

Other Words to Know

  • Alien: A person who is not a citizen of the United States.

  • Assimilation: The way that someone who comes from a foreign land or culture becomes absorbed into a culture and learns to blend into the ways of its predominant, or main, society.

  • Asylum: A form of protection that allows individuals who are in the U.S. to remain here.

  • Discrimination: Unfair treatment based on racism or other prejudices.

  • Permanent Resident Status: Status given to those who become legally recognized in the U.S. as a permanent legal immigrant.

Migration is the result of push or pull factors.

Push Factors

Pull Factors

Factors that draw a person/people to move to a certain area.

Factors that drive a person/people to move away from an area.

Reasons for Migration

Push Factors

Pull Factors


Religious freedom or freedom in general

Higher standard of living


Lower cost of living

Medical care / medicine


Fair or just government

  • Poverty

  • Lack of religious freedom

  • Corrupt governments

  • Lack of opportunity

  • Poor education

  • Lack of religious freedom

  • Civil strife

  • Lack of medical care

  • Natural disasters

“Oklahoma is My Home”

Joel Menchaca, an undocumented immigrant from Mexico, goes to school part time at Oklahoma State University — Oklahoma City. To pay for his tuition and other expenses, he does construction work and works a part-time job at a McDonald's.

“Oklahoma is My Home”

Push Factors

Pull Factors

A better life

Medical care


  • Needed medical attention

  • Father left

  • Lack of opportunity

The Push-Pull Factor Talk Show

Overcrowding in the U.S.

America-A Melting Pot

Emma Lazarus

Lyndon B. Johnson

“The land flourished because it was fed from so many sources--because it was nourished by so many cultures and traditions and peoples.”

“Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed, to me: I lift my lamp beside the golden door.”



Markel, Michelle. Brave Girl: Clara and the Shirtwaist Makers’ Strike of 1909. Harper Collins Publishers: New York, NY. 2013.

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