Degree of Comparison There are three kinds of comparison: 1. P ositive degree 2. C omparative degree 3. Superlative degree. Po sitive Degree → is used o compare two thinks that are equal. The pattern : S + to be + as + adj + as S + verb + as + adv + as Examples
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→ is used o compare two thinks thatare equal.
The pattern :
S + to be + as + adj + as
S + verb + as + adv + as
2. Comparative Degree
→ is used to compare two things that are not equal.
The Pattern for 1 syllable
S + to be + adj + er + than
S + verb + adv + er + than
S + to be + more + adj + than
S + verb + more + adv + than
3. Superlative Degree
→ is used to compare one thing with two or more other things.
The pattern for 1 syllable
S + to be + the + adj + est
S + verb + the + adv + est
2. He works the hardest employee of all the employee in this office.
S + to be + the most + adj
S + verb + the most + adv
* Use the form more + adjective for adjective ending in the
following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish and ous (more
useful, more boring, more cautious)
* When an adjective ends in a consonant +y, change the y
to i and add –er or - est (happy-happier/ the happiest, dry-drier/the
driest) and for –some, - ow and add –er or -est (handsomer/the
handsomest, narrower/the narrowest)
1. His behavior is as bad (bad) as his brother’s.
2. New York has the most (many) tall buildings of any city in the world
3. She knits as good (good) as her mother
4. Alisa plays the violin better (good) than the other violinist
AKTIF :S + V1 + O
PASIF :S + To be (is,am,are) + V3 + by_
AKTIF :S + To be + V-ing + O
PASIF :S + To be + being + V3 + by
AKTIF :S + To be (has/have/had)+ V3 + O
PASIF :S + To be (has/have/had ) been + V3 + by
AKTIF :S + will+ V1 + O
PASIF :S + will+( be)inf + V3 + by_
Untuk mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif adalah sebagai berikut:
Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle
Example: A letter was written
When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.