Degree of Comparison
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Po sitive Degree → is used o compare two thinks that are equal. The pattern : - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Degree of Comparison There are three kinds of comparison: 1. P ositive degree 2. C omparative degree 3. Superlative degree. Po sitive Degree → is used o compare two thinks that are equal. The pattern : S + to be + as + adj + as S + verb + as + adv + as Examples

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Degree of ComparisonThere are three kinds of comparison:1. Positive degree2. Comparative degree3.Superlative degree

  • Positive Degree

    → is used o compare two thinks thatare equal.

    The pattern :

    S + to be + as + adj + as

    S + verb + as + adv + as


  • My book is as interesting as yours

  • His car runs as fast as a race car

  • Their house is as big as that one

2. Comparative Degree

→ is used to compare two things that are not equal.

The Pattern for 1 syllable

S + to be + adj + er + than

S + verb + adv + er + than


  • Today is hotter than yesterday

  • Bill runs faster than Bob

  • This exercise is easier than the last one

  • Andi works harder than his brother

The pattern for more than two syllables

S + to be + more + adj + than

S + verb + more + adv + than


  • This red dress is more comfortable than the white

  • He speaks Spanish more fluently than I

  • This year’s exhibit is more impressive than the last year’s

  • He visits his family more frequently than she does

3. Superlative Degree

→ is used to compare one thing with two or more other things.

The pattern for 1 syllable

S + to be + the + adj + est

S + verb + the + adv + est


  • John is the tallest boy in the family

    2. He works the hardest employee of all the employee in this office.

The pattern for more than two syllables

S + to be + the most + adj

S + verb + the most + adv


  • That was the most boring film I have ever seen

  • Sally dances the most gracefully of all the participant


    * Use the form more + adjective for adjective ending in the

    following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish and ous (more

    useful, more boring, more cautious)

    * When an adjective ends in a consonant +y, change the y

    to i and add –er or - est (happy-happier/ the happiest, dry-drier/the

    driest) and for –some, - ow and add –er or -est (handsomer/the

    handsomest, narrower/the narrowest)

For examples

1. His behavior is as bad (bad) as his brother’s.

2. New York has the most (many) tall buildings of any city in the world

3. She knits as good (good) as her mother

4. Alisa plays the violin better (good) than the other violinist


  • You can tell Harris about it just ____(easily) as I can.

  • That tall woman is _____ (ambitious) secretary in this house.

  • Pierre understands English _____ (little) of all the students

  • He plays guitar _____ (well) as Andre Segovia.

  • Nobody is _______ (happy) than Maria Elen

  • Brazil export ____ (much) coffee of all the American countries


  • Sentences can be written or spoken in the active or passive voice. Active sentence is the sentence where the subject is doing the work, by contrast, passive sentences are sentences where the subject is the object of the sentence imposed by the job.

1 present form




  • John bites Marry (active)

  • Marry is bitten by John (Passive)

AKTIF :S + V1 + O

PASIF :S + To be (is,am,are) + V3 + by_

2 past form

  • AKTIF :S + V2 + O

  • PASIF :S + be(was/were ) + V3 + by_

  • Contoh:

  • John bit Mary (active)

  • Mary was bitten by John (passive)

3 continous form


  • John is biting Marry (active)

  • Marry is being bitten by John (Passive)

AKTIF :S + To be + V-ing + O

PASIF :S + To be + being + V3 + by

4 perfect form


  • John has bitten Marry (active)

  • Marry has been bitten by John (Passive)

AKTIF :S + To be (has/have/had)+ V3 + O

PASIF :S + To be (has/have/had ) been + V3 + by

5 future form


  • John will bite Mary(active)

  • Marry will bitten by John (Passive)

AKTIF :S + will+ V1 + O

PASIF :S + will+( be)inf + V3 + by_


Untuk mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif adalah sebagai berikut:

  • Tenses kalimat pasif sama dengan tense kalimat aktif

  • Subjek dalam kalimat pasif berasal dari objek kalimat aktif

  • Objek dalam kalimat pasif berasal dari subjek kalimat aktif

  • Verb/kata kerja dalam kalimat aktif berupa menjadi to be + V3 atau to be + being + V3

Form of passive
Form of Passive

Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle

Example: A letter was written

When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:

  • the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence

  • the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)

  • the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)

Use of passive
Use of Passive

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

Finish thank you
FINISH…Thank You… ^^