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Force Templates: A Blueprint for Coalition Interaction within an Infosphere. Lt Col. Robert E. Marmelstein Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Information Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory. Meta data. Meta data. Meta data. JBI Subscription Broker. JBI Query Broker.

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Force Templates: A Blueprint for Coalition Interaction within an Infosphere

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Force templates a blueprint for coalition interaction within an infosphere

Force Templates:

A Blueprint for Coalition Interaction within an Infosphere

Lt Col. Robert E. Marmelstein

Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Information Directorate

Air Force Research Laboratory


Introducing the jbi

Meta

data

Meta

data

Meta

data

JBI Subscription

Broker

JBI Query

Broker

JBI Repository

Introducing the JBI

GCCS

Applications,

Systems, Sensors

(JBI Clients)

Fuselet

TBMCS

Publish/

Subscribe/

Query

Query

Publish

Subscribe

?

JBI

Management

Services

?

?

ACCESS

JBI Platform (Core Services)

Force Template

Global Grid, SIPRNET, Internet,….


Jbi stand up issues

JBI Stand-Up Issues

  • How are units registered with the JBI?

  • What is the minimum set of Information Objects (IOs) needed to integrate new units into a JBI?

  • Who publishes, or subscribes to, a given IO?

  • What conditions are associated with the above?

  • How are fuselets introduced into the JBI?

  • How are publisher access controls specified and managed?


Force templates

Force Templates

  • Information handshake between the JBI and a combat unit

    (defines the subscribe and publish data to JBI).

  • Two purposes: integration and control

  • Standardization for templates for like units.

  • Force Template defines (at a minimum):

    • What information does the unit require?

      Example: Imagery with an Area of Interest

    • What information can the unit provide?

      Example: Weapons pod camera

    • What are the constraints on that information?

      Example: Photos published between 1400Z and 1500Z

JBI

Force Template

New Unit


Force templates vs passes

Force Templates vs. Passes

Force Templates

Passes

Purpose

Register entities with the JBI

Register clients with the JBI

Approval of JFC or parent the

parent entity

Registration of owner entity’s

force template with the JBI

Activation Prerequisites

JBI Interface

Force Template Controller

Client Adapter

Consolidated--cannot be

decomposed

Distributed, Hierarchical,

Decomposable

Content Characteristics

  • Entity Information Requirements

  • and Products;

  • Related Constraints;

  • Passes for clients owned by

  • the entity

  • Info Object Advertisements

  • Subscription Requests

  • Client-level Constrains

Minimum Contents


Force templates a blueprint for coalition interaction within an infosphere

Entities

Clients

Theater-level

Force Template

CINC

JTF-level

Force Template

JTF

JTF

Unit

Unit

Unit

Unit

Unit-level

Template

  • Represent units or organizations

  • Reflects Joint Force ‘building blocks’

  • Decompose into clients & other entities

  • Register with JBI using Force Templates

  • Represent platforms, systems, or

  • individuals

  • Interact directly with the JBI

  • Do not decompose further

  • Use Passes to register with the JBI


Force templates a blueprint for coalition interaction within an infosphere

Local

Civil

Authorities

Coalition

Military

JTF

NGO

US

State Dept

Problem - Rapidly Forming Ad-hoc Coalition Teams

The Challenge:

Quickly Enabling Disparate Parties

to Cooperate and Interoperate

to Solve a Common Problem

Each Team Member Provides:

  • Information

  • Services

  • Personnel

  • Assets

Barriers to Team Formation

Differences in:

  • Doctrine

  • Policy

  • Infrastructure

  • Trust

  • Processes

  • Vocabulary

  • Command Structure


Force template composition

Force Template Composition

Info Requirements

Info Products

Related Constraints

Ontologies

Business Rules

Process Models

Entity Description

Web Services

Fuselets

Agents

Security

Credentials

Info Pedigree

Necessary

Desired

Speculative


Entity client model assumptions

Entity-Client ModelAssumptions

  • The JBI platform has visibility and control over its inputs and outputs

  • Entities use Force Templates to maintain nominal control over their clients

    • Consistent with JFC policies

    • Consistent with JBI Information Staff directives

    • Some conflicts may need to be externally resolved

  • Force Template may change during the mission

    • In response to top-down or bottom-up requests

    • A given change request may impact multiple force templates (subscriber & publisher)


Force templates a blueprint for coalition interaction within an infosphere

Information

Broker

FT

Controller

(parent)

Response

Updates

JBI Client

Clients can request permission to publish, or subscribe to, new information objects

JBI Side

Unit Side

Change Request

Change Request

Force Template Authority

The Broker forwards the change request to the appropriate Authority

This individual has the power to approve force template changes for a given Entity

The Controller is the gatekeeper for making changes to the Force Template

FT

Controller

FT

Conflict

Update

The Adapter propagates

changes resulting from

client requests to the

Force Template though

its Controller

Request

Response

Adapter

The Force Template contains passes for associated clients

The Pass contains valid advertisements and subscriptions for a given client

Pass


Summary

Summary

  • The JBI represents the way ahead for supporting Coalition C2 operations

  • Force Templates are a mechanism for:

    • Quickly integrating units into the JBI

    • Exercising control over JBI clients

  • Force Template complexity will grow as JBI must support increasingly diverse, ad-hoc coalitions

  • Entity-Client interaction model is first step in defining requirements for Force Templates

    • Model is in early stages of development

    • Critical to overall JBI systems engineering effort


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