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The Story of Apartheid. Africa. ” I am an African. I owe my being to the hills and the valleys, the mountains and the glades, the rivers, the deserts, the trees, the flowers, the seas and the ever-changing seasons that define the face of our native land” Thabo Mbeki. The map of South Africa.

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the story of apartheid
The Story of Apartheid

By Mzoli Mncanca


” I am an African. I owe my being to the hills and the valleys, the mountains and the glades, the rivers, the deserts, the trees, the flowers, the seas and the ever-changing seasons that define the face of our native land” Thabo Mbeki

By Mzoli Mncanca

the map of south africa
The map of South Africa

By Mzoli Mncanca

in the beginning sa was
In the Beginning SA was…..

Colonized by English and Dutch in 17th century

English domination of Dutch (Afrikaners) led to Dutch creating new colonies

1900-Diamonds discovery led to English invasion and war between English and Dutch (Anglo-Boer War)

After gaining independence from England, Afrikaner National Party gained majority in 1940s

1948-National Party implemented apartheid to establish white domination and separation of races

1960s- “Grand Apartheid” established- “territorial separation and police repression”

By Mzoli Mncanca

what is apartheid
What is Apartheid?
  • Afrikaans word for Separation of races

i.e. Black, White, Coloured,and Indian

  • Practical separation of residential areas
  • Separation of public institutions e.g. schools and hospitals.
  • Separation of jobs, ”jobs for whites only”
  • Separate use of facilities like toilets, chairs, bus stops, stair-cases etc.

By Mzoli Mncanca

going deeper into apartheid
Going Deeper Into Apartheid…

1948-Racism institutionalized

-Marriage between blacks and whites prohibited

-”white-only” jobs authorized

1950-Population Registration Act

-Divided South Africans into white, black (Africans), and colored (mixed descent)

-Based on appearance, social acceptance, and descent

-Blacks-forced to carry “pass books” holding fingerprints, photograph, and information on access to non-black areas

By Mzoli Mncanca


Land Act of 1953: deprived blacks of the right to own land and moved them onto “homelands”

By Mzoli Mncanca

1951 bantu authorities act
1951 Bantu Authorities Act

Created basis for ethnic government in African reserves or “homelands”

Blacks had no rights in South Africa. Their rights were restricted to the so called “homelands”.

The White Government had complete control over the homelands.

By Mzoli Mncanca

1953 public safety act and criminal law amendment act
1953- Public Safety Act and Criminal Law Amendment Act

Gave government power to declare states of emergency, increase punishments for protesting against or supporting repeal of a law: fines, imprisonment, whippings

1960-Government declared state of emergency when large group of blacks in Sharpeville refused to carry their passes (native ID)

Emergency lasted for 156 days, 69 people dead and 187 people wounded

By Mzoli Mncanca

various laws applied in the use of public facilities like chairs toilets bus stops stair cases etc
Various laws applied in the use of public facilities, like chairs, toilets, bus stops, stair-cases etc.

By Mzoli Mncanca


Bantu Education Act (1953) gave the central government control over African education

"Native education should be controlled . . . in accord with the policy of the state . . . If the native in South Africa today in any kind of school in existence is being taught to expect that he will live his adult life under a policy of equal rights, he is making a big mistake . . . There is no place for him in the European community above the level of certain forms of labor." -Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister

By Mzoli Mncanca

Apartheid was highly effective at giving preferential treatment to whites

By Mzoli Mncanca

student uprising 1976
Student Uprising: 1976
  • Black students were forced to learn in Afrikaans.
  • Protests against Afrikaans started.
  • More than 500 black students killed by white policemen.
  • More than a thousand men, women and children wounded.

By Mzoli Mncanca

At least from 1976 until 1990, such headlines were common place in South African newspapers.

By Mzoli Mncanca

a struggle against apartheid
A Struggle Against Apartheid

Important to remember:

Throughout the apartheid, there was a movement fighting against it…

African National Congress

Nelson Mandela- A key character in the fight for democracy

-Imprisoned for his political efforts

-President of ANC

-Released from prison in 1990

-First democratic president of

South Africa

May 10, 1994-

First Democratic Election

By Mzoli Mncanca

a brief timeline
A Brief Timeline….

1948 Apartheid started. Whites were in the minority.

South African government did not care about being shunned by the rest of the world.

1961 South Africa became a republic.

By Mzoli Mncanca

1960-1990’s – repressive laws.

1976- More than 500 students killed

1980’s – violent opposition to White South African government. P.W. Botha main proponent of apartheid.

1990-94 – massive violence

F. W. De Clerk reversed Botha’s policy and began the end to apartheid.

1994 - Blacks, colored, and Indians voted for the first time

By Mzoli Mncanca

1994- Nelson Mandela was elected President in the country’s first democratic elections.

1996- New constitution adopted

1999- second elections

2000 – Truth & Reconciliation Commission – amnesty for whites to tell their stories

By Mzoli Mncanca

south africa today
South Africa Today

Although the legacy of apartheid still prevails in South Africa, the country has moved on considerably. SA´s economy increased by 5% in 2006. In 2010 SA is hosting the biggest tournament, the soccer world cup.

By Mzoli Mncanca

better life for all
Better life for all
  • Elder people and children under 15 years get a support grant.
  • Free Adult education
  • Health facilities are free to all
  • Basic services like water, electricity, telephone are rendered
  • University education is available to many young people through government funding and other bursaries.

By Mzoli Mncanca

towards free education
Towards Free Education
  • In 2007, up to 40% of schools offered free education.

By Mzoli Mncanca

national nutrition program
National Nutrition Program
  • Feeds 1.6-million school children every day
  • Nearly 2000 school gardens with government, local and NGO support

By Mzoli Mncanca

But still more imbalances of the past need to be addressed to limit the gap between the rich and the poor.

The gap

By Mzoli Mncanca

Despite all the accomplishments, the victory over apartheid, the best constitution in the world, the 2010 soccer world cup, Nelson Mandela the global icon and the rest, One thing is evident: The is still a long way to go!!

By Mzoli Mncanca

  • Nelson Rolihahla Mandela. ANC. 2005. African National Congress. 07-02-2009.


  • Apartheid Images: accesses from jgp on 07-02-22209
  • Apartheid In South Africa accessed from 16-02-2009

By Mzoli Mncanca