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Chapter 9: Development. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. Development. The process of improving the material conditions of people through the diffusion of knowledge and technology More developed countries (MDCs) AKA developed countries

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Chapter 9 development

Chapter 9: Development

The Cultural Landscape:

An Introduction to Human Geography


Development
Development

  • The process of improving the material conditions of people through the diffusion of knowledge and technology

  • More developed countries (MDCs)

    • AKA developed countries

  • Lesser developed countries (LDCs)

    • AKA emerging or developing countries


Why does development vary between countries
Why Does Development Vary Between Countries?

  • Economic indicators of development

    • The Human Development Index (HDI)

      • Four factors used to assess a country’s level of development:

        • Economic = (1) gross domestic product (GDP) per capita

        • Social = (2) literacy and (3) amount of education

        • Demographic = (4) life expectancy



Why does development vary among countries
Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?

  • Economic indicators of development

    • Types of jobs

      • Primary sector

      • Secondary sector

      • Tertiary sector

    • Productivity

      • Measured by the value added per capita

      • MDCs are more productive than LDCs

    • Consumer goods



Why does development vary among countries1
Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?

  • Social indicators of development

    • Education and literacy

      • The literacy rate

    • Health and welfare

      • Diet (adequate calories)

      • Access to health care



Why does development vary among countries2
Why Does Development Vary Among Countries?

  • Demographic indicators of development

    • Life expectancy

      • Babies born today in MDCs have a life expectancy in the 70s; babies born in LDCs, in the 60s

    • Other demographic indicators:

      • Infant mortality

      • Natural increase

      • Crude birth rate


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