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SPANISH II. Repaso F La rutina y la salud. Los objetivos de hoy. Standard 1.2: Students understand written and spoken Spanish Standard 1.3: Students present information in Spanish to the class

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Spanish ii

SPANISH II

Repaso F

La rutina y la salud


Los objetivos de hoy
Los objetivos de hoy

Standard 1.2: Studentsunderstandwritten and spokenSpanish

Standard 1.3: Studentspresentinformation in Spanishtotheclass

Standard 4.1: Studentsget a betterunderstanding of languagebycomparingEnglish and Spanish

Standard 5.1: Students use Spanishbothinside and outside of school


Reflexive verbs
Reflexive Verbs

The one who

performs the action

receives the action


Por ejemplo
Porejemplo

When you comb your hair,

you are the one combing, and

you are the one getting combed

Compare that with

When you brush a dog,

you are the one brushing,

but your dog is the one getting brushed


Otro ejemplo
Otroejemplo

When you wash your face,

you are the one washing,

and you are the one getting washed

Compare that with

When you wash your car,

you are the one washing,

but your car is the thing getting washed


See the difference
See the difference?

Me lavo la cara

(I wash my face)

Lavo mi carro

(I wash my car)


See the difference1
See the difference?

Me peino en la noche

(I comb my hair at night )

Ella peina a suhermana

(She combs her sister’s hair)


You ll know a verb is reflexive
You’ll know a verb is reflexive

Because the verb will have “se” at the end

Lavarse

Acostarse

Bañarse


In english
In English

This is like adding “oneself” after the verb

To wash oneself

To comb oneself

To dress oneself


Which of these are reflexive
Which of these are reflexive?

To talk

To bathe

To look at in the mirror

To watch TV

To lie down

To read

To think

?????


Common reflexive verbs to know
Common reflexive verbs to know…

SO WRITE THESE DOWN!!!

Lavarse - to wash (oneself)

Bañarse – to bathe (oneself)

Levantarse – to get (oneself) up

Mirarse – to look at (oneself)

Afeitarse – to shave (oneself)

Cepillarse – to brush one’s teeth

Acostarse – to lie (oneself) down

Dormirse – to put (oneself) to sleep

Vestirse – to dress (oneself)


To conjugate reflexive verbs
To conjugate reflexive verbs

Lavar

se

Drop the “se” from the end and move it out in front


The se has its own conjugation
The “se” has its own conjugation

SE

me nos

te X

se se


The rest of the verb is usually conjugated as a normal verb
The rest of the verb is usually conjugated as a normal verb

Lavar

se

lavolavamos

lavas X

lava lavan


Once you have the two conjugations
Once you have the two conjugations

Just match up the forms

that go together

se lavar

me

nos

lavo

lavamos

te X lavas X

I wash (myself)

se se lava lavan


So the steps are
SO the steps are:

1. Drop the “se” and move it out in front

2. Conjugate the “se”

3. Conjugate the primary verb

4. Match up the corresponding forms


Try it on your paper
Try it on your paper

Conjugate

we comb our hair

(peinarse)


Step 1 drop the se and move it out in front

Step 4:

Match up the corresponding forms

Step 3:

Conjugate the primary verb

Step 2:

Conjugate the “se”

Step 1:Drop the “se” and move it out in front

peinar

We comb (our hair)

se

me

nos

peino

peinamos

te X

peinas

X

peina

se se

peinan


Now try she bathes herself

(bañarse)

bañar

Step 1

se

me

nos

baño

bañamos

te X

bañas

X

se

baña

se

bañan

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4


Translate the following
Translate the following:

I bathe (myself)

She washes (herself)

You comb (yourself)

We brush (our teeth)

I get (myself) up


How did you do
How did you do???

I bathe (myself)

She washes (herself)

You comb (yourself)

We brush (our teeth)

I get (myself) up

me baño

se lava

tepeinas

noscepillamos

me levanto


The stem changers
The stem-changers

me acuesto

teacuestas

se acuesta

nosacostamos

se acuestan

me duermo

teduermes

se duerme

nosdormimos

se duermen

acostarse

dormirse


The stem changers1
The stem-changers

me visto

tevistes

se viste

nosvestimos

se visten

me despierto

tedespiertas

se despierta

nosdespertamos

se despiertan

vestirse

despertarse



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