John Locke. Writing after the Glorious Revolution ? his principal work being two ?Treatises on Government" (1690).All individuals are endowed by God with reasonAs such, man can discern right and wrong and determine how he should liveGod endowed every man with certain ?natural rights'. Locke's Natural Rights.
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1. John Locke An early English liberal
2. John Locke Writing after the Glorious Revolution – his principal work being two “Treatises on Government” (1690).
All individuals are endowed by God with reason
As such, man can discern right and wrong and determine how he should live
God endowed every man with certain ‘natural rights’
3. Locke’s Natural Rights ‘Natural Rights’ are life, liberty and property
To protect these rights from criminals, through disputes and other problems, men agree to a ‘social contract’
This creates government as a trust, to protect man’s pre-existing rights
4. Government Government must thus be based on the consent of the governed
If government does not fulfill its trust, the people can remove it and replace it with one that will do its job
Locke, however, was no democrat
He wanted King to be subject to Parliament, but the franchise to be limited to those of substantial property
5. Declaration of Independence We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it.