Contributions of Individuals in Russia Past and Present. Peter the Great, Early 1700s. Built a new capital – St. Petersburg “Venice of the North”. Peter the Great, Early 1700s. Built on more than 100 islands. Peter the Great, Early 1700s.
Built a new capital – St. Petersburg
Freed the serfs
Opened the way for industrial development.
“Father of Russian Revolution”
Headed the communist government and oversaw the Russian Empire's transformation into the USSR.
Stalin pursued an economic policy of mobilizing the entire country to achieve the goal of rapid industrialization.
He guided Russian forces to victory in World War II.
He helped create the Cold War.
He saw to it that the Soviet Union's military-industrial complex was greatly expanded and modernized.
His continual buildup of his defense and aerospace industries left other sectors of the economy increasingly deprived of funds. Soviet agriculture, consumer-goods industries, and health-care services declined throughout the 1970s and early '80s as a consequence.
Recognized that his nation was falling economically behind the rest of the world and could no longer afford to compete in the Cold War.
He introduced policies designed to decentralize the Russian economy and open up the state, called perestroika and glasnost, and ended the Cold War.