Why Air Quality is Important. Poor air quality in UK reduces life expectancy by average of 7/8 months. Costs UK health services £20 billion per year (similar to alcohol misuse). A main cause of many lung and heart diseases. Particulates are especially damaging to health.
Why Air Quality is Important
Poor air quality in UK reduces life expectancy by average of 7/8 months.
Costs UK health services £20 billion per year (similar to alcohol misuse).
A main cause of many lung and heart diseases.
Particulates are especially damaging to health.
Encouragement of non-motorised transport directly improves health and fitness.
Reducing air pollution would have huge indirect benefits:
Fewer vehicles on roads
Reduction in noise and stress
More people walking and cycling
Reduction in greenhouse gases --> global warming
Less harm to many ecosystems
Air Pollution Milestones - Canterbury
1998 – 2002 First round of air quality assessments around Canterbury concluded there were no problems.
2003 – 2004 Second round of assessments found no problems but air quality much worse – Broad Street and Sturry Road need careful monitoring.
2005 survey found NO2 levels to be exceeding objectives in Broad St and Military Road.
2006 Parts of Broad St and Military Road declared an Air Quality management Area (AQMA). But Bureau Veritas (BV) find that exceedence not likely to be a problem elsewhere.
2007 BV commissioned to carry out detailed survey within the AQMA and beyond. 18 further sites start to be monitored. NO2 exceedence levels confirmed in Broad St and Military Road plus at additional sites in Wincheap, Sturry Road, North Lane and Rheims Way.
2008. BV recommend AQMA for North Lane and Rheims Way plus additional monitoring at St Peter’s Place.
2009. Additional problems at St Dunstans, Pin Hill identified
Air Quality Readings 2006 in AQMA Area
Further findings from Bureau Veritas (2007)
Levels of NO2 were 60% above permitted maximum in Broad Street.
With new A2 slip roads there would be a modelled reduction in NO2 levels in Broad Street of 0.2%.
A 4th Park & Ride at Harbledown would reduce NO2 levels in Broad Street by 0.6%.
86% of all NO2 was originating from vehicles.
With implementation of the existing Road Traffic Management plans levels of NO2 would be reduced by only 3% in Broad Street.
To reduce NO2 levels in Broad Street to the EC recommended maximum, then traffic volumes would immediately have to be reduced by nearly 55%.
By 2010, when the problem should have been tackled, they estimated that still a 45% reduction in vehicles would be needed.
But since 2007 no progress has been made in air quality.
Predicted mean concentrations of NO2 in 2006
Other Air Pollution facts - Canterbury
NO2 levels in North Lane - 2007
Proposed AQMA for Rheims Way – St Peter’s Place
Some recent Government findings – Environmental Audit Committee – March 2010
Recent general air quality improvements have been made but these have now levelled off.
Road transport contributes 70% of urban pollutants.
London worst city in Europe for particulates, and fines will be soon be delivered to the Mayor of London.
UK now faces proceedings from the EU for failing to meet NO2 targets.
Warnings about the impact of poor air quality on health are not being
Ozone reduces the yield of wheat in southern Britain by 5% to 15%.
National and local governments need to take a range of urgent actions to avoid paying very significant EU fines.
Better public understanding of air quality issues is critical.
Transport policy must change dramatically if the UK is to meet future targets and reduce exposure to air pollution.
Local authorities are the key to improving air quality.
Main Aspects of the Council’s Air Quality Action Plan (2009)
Canterbury City Council will:
Work with KCC to deliver the Congestion Plan for Canterbury and other traffic improvements
Work with the Highways Agency and KCC to deliver the new A2 Slip Roads Schemes
Work with partners to implement the Canterbury Parking Strategy, and further Park and Ride’s
Work with KCC on the Canterbury Bus Strategy and the Quality Bus Partnership with Stagecoach
Work with KCC to implement the Kent Freedom Pass scheme in Canterbury
Investigate the potential for Roadside Emissions Testing in Canterbury.
Request S106 contributions for developments likely to have an air quality impact on the AQMA
Investigate the potential for use of NOX reducing paving and paints within the AQMA
Consider investing in and making more use of LPG or electric cars and vehicles
Investigate a route for a new A28/A257 link road.
Consider signage in the Air Quality Management Area.
General measures to solve air quality problems include:
Implement school, council and other workplace travel plans
Deliver improvements in emissions standards
Promote Kent-wide car share (or car club) schemes.
Improvements to the local cycle network
Ensure that air quality is taken account of in the planning process.
Make certain that high quality air pollution data is collected.
Join the Kent & Medway Air Quality Partnership.
Be proactive in enforcing industrial pollution controls.
Work with Kent Energy Centre to promote energy efficiency measures.
Consider the introduction of electric trams.
But – we suggest that more radical solutions are needed to solve Canterbury’s Air Pollution problem:
Increase urban parking charges
Road charging schemes
Programmes to change public attitudes
Proactive health and environmental campaigns
Cheaper public transport
More incentives to work at home
Banners along street to shame motorists
Children to attend nearest schools
Park & Rides at more sensible locations
Encouragement of e-shopping and e-freighting
Better regional strategic locations for larger developments
Setting up ‘sustainability forums’ involving local people in planning for AQMA solutions
Encourage political leaders to be stronger on required principles