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CHAPTER. 7. QUIT. India and China Establish Empires, 300 B.C. – A.D. 550. Chapter Overview. Time Line. First Empires of India. 1. SECTION. MAP. Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture. 2. SECTION. Han Emperors in China. 3. SECTION. GRAPH. Visual Summary. CHAPTER. 7.

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India and China Establish Empires, 300 B.C. – A.D. 550

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India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

CHAPTER

7

QUIT

India and China Establish

Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550

Chapter Overview

Time Line

First Empires of India

1

SECTION

MAP

Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture

2

SECTION

Han Emperors in China

3

SECTION

GRAPH

Visual Summary


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

CHAPTER

7

Chapter Overview

HOME

India and China Establish

Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550

Empires in both India and China establish powerful dynasties and develop strong, vibrant cultures. Invaders in India introduce new customs and knowledge to Indian society. In China, conquered peoples are made part of Chinese culture through marriage and education. Ruling styles and cultural advances vary in each empire.


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

CHAPTER

7

HOME

India and China Establish

Empires, 300 B.C.–A.D. 550

Time Line

321 B.C.Chandragupta Maurya founds Mauryan Empire.

A.D. 65Buddhism takes root in China.

A.D. 220Han Dynasty falls.

300 B.C.

A.D. 550

A.D. 320Gupta Empire forms in India and encourages a renewal of Hindu faith.

202 B.C.Liu Bang establishes China’s Han Dynasty.

A.D. 105Chinese invent paper.


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

1

HOME

First Empires

of India

MAP

Key Idea

Both the Mauryan and Gupta empires temporarily unify India. During part of the Mauryan Empire, government policies are based on Buddhist teachings of nonviolence and tolerance. Indian culture thrives during the Gupta Empire.

Overview

Assessment


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

1

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

First Empires

of India

MAP

Overview

•Mauryan Empire

•Asoka

•religious toleration

•Tamil

•Gupta Empire

•patriarchal

•matriarchal

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

The Mauryas and the Guptas established Indian empires, but neither unified India permanently.

The diversity of peoples, cultures, beliefs, and languages in India continues to pose challenges to Indian unity today.

Assessment


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

1

1

Section

Assessment

Mauryan Empire Only

Gupta Empire Only

HOME

First Empires

of India

MAP

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Compare the Mauryan and Gupta empires.

Both

Chandragupta

used spies,

Asoka followed

teachings of Buddha.

Unified through force, required high taxes, lasted for about 100 years

Defeated the Shakas,

period of great cultural

achievements,

invaded by Hunas

continued . . .


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

1

HOME

First Empires

of India

MAP

1

Section

Assessment

2. Which of the Indian rulers described in this section would you rather live under? Explain your opinion.

THINK ABOUT

•whether the ruler maintained peace and order—and how

•what methods the ruler used to influence his subjects

•developments in art and culture during the ruler’s reign

ANSWER

•Chandragupta Maurya, because he tried to control crime.

•Asoka, because he believed in nonviolence and promoted his subjects’ welfare.

•Chandra Gupta II, because there was a cultural flowering during his reign.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 1


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

2

HOME

Trade Spreads Indian

Religions and Culture

Key Idea

Changes in Buddhism and Hinduism make these religions more personal and appealing to the masses. India enters a highly productive period in art, literature, science, and mathematics. Through trade, Indian culture spreads to much of Asia.

Overview

Assessment


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

2

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Trade Spreads Indian

Religions and Culture

Overview

•Mahayana

•Theravada

•Brahma

•Vishnu

•Shiva

•Kalidasa

•Silk Roads

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Indian religions, culture, and science evolved and spread to other regions through trade.

The influence of Indian culture and religions is very evident throughout Southeast Asia today.

Assessment


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

2

2

Section

Assessment

Indian Culture

Religion

Literature/Arts

Science/Math

Trade

HOME

Trade Spreads Indian

Religions and Culture

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. For each category shown below, list one or more specific developments in Indian culture.

Mahayana Buddhism; Hinduism became more personal.

Buddhist sculptures; Kalidasa wrote Shakuntala.

The decimal system; medical guides.

Profited from Silk Roads trade; traded with Rome, Africa, Southeast Asia, Arabia, China

continued . . .


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

2

HOME

Trade Spreads Indian

Religions and Culture

2

Section

Assessment

2. What do you think was the most significant effect of the changes in Buddhism and Hinduism? Explain.

THINK ABOUT

•the effect on people who practiced the religion

•the effect on art and culture

•the effect on other countries

ANSWER

•More people were able to take part in popular worship.

•Religion inspired art.

• Both religions spread to many other countries.

Possible Responses:

continued . . .


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

2

HOME

Trade Spreads Indian

Religions and Culture

2

Section

Assessment

2. Cite three of the cultures that interacted with India. Explain the result of each cultural interaction.

THINK ABOUT

•interaction because of trade

•the influence of art, science, religion

ANSWER

•Greeks–Indians learned western timekeeping.

•Central Asian nomads–They taught Indians about Silk Roads trade.

•Southeast Asia–Indians spread Hinduism, Buddhism, and artistic styles.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 2


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

3

HOME

Han Emperors

in China

GRAPH

Key Idea

The Han Dynasty unifies China and develops a highly structured, bureaucratic government, which lasts about 400 years. Advances in technology and culture are made, but laws favoring landowners create economic and political instability.

Overview

Assessment


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

3

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Han Emperors

in China

GRAPH

Overview

•Han Dynasty

•centralized government

•civil service

•monopoly

•assimilation

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

The Han Dynasty expanded China’s borders and developed a system of government that lasted for centuries.

The pattern of a strong central government has remained a permanent part of Chinese life.

Assessment


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

3

Centralized Government

HOME

Han Emperors

in China

GRAPH

3

Section

Assessment

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the methods that Han rulers used to centralize the government.

Required local officials to report to central government

Built up bureaucracy

Established monopolies

in many industries

Created civil service,

based on exams

continued . . .


India and china establish empires 300 b c a d 550

3

HOME

Han Emperors

in China

GRAPH

3

Section

Assessment

2. What problem do you think was most responsible for weakening the Han Dynasty’s power?THINK ABOUT

•problems at court

•problems with non-Chinese peoples

•economic and social problems

ANSWER

•The method of choosing an heir, because it led to distracting plots and power plays.

•The nomads, because they forced China to levy taxes to maintain a large army.

•The distribution of wealth, because poor people kept losing land to the rich, which caused peasant uprisings.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 3


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