Asthma
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Asthma. Carolina Koncz , Neha Milind , Ahmed Osman. What is asthma?. Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Origin: the term asthma comes from the Greek verb “ aazein ” meaning to pant.

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Asthma

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Asthma

Asthma

Carolina Koncz, NehaMilind, Ahmed Osman


What is asthma

What is asthma?

  • Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways.

  • Origin: the term asthma comes from the Greek verb “aazein” meaning to pant.

  • Scientists are not sure of cause but, most of the time it is hereditary.


When did asthma start

When did asthma start?

  • Asthma was known to be around when the Egyptians were alive.

  • Asthma is also known hundreds of years ago, China people gave other people asthma herbs containing ephedrine to help them breathe.


Signs and symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

  • Examples:

    -recurring period of wheezing

    -chest tightness

    -shortness of breath

    -coughing.

  • As soon as you feel an attack coming, you must treat it immediately.

  • Factors: -Parents who have had asthma

    -children with respiratory infections.


Triggers

Triggers

  • Perfumes and hair sprays

  • Woodsmoke

  • Chemical fumes

  • Cleaning agents (such as phenyl)

  • Cigarette smoke

  • Strong odor while cooking, particularly frying

  • Atmospheric pollution

  • Plant pollen

  • Household dust

  • Molds

  • Cockroaches

  • Animal fur or skin


Diagnosis

Diagnosis

  • Many tests can be given to diagnose your asthma.

  • Lung function test -use test called spirometry to check how your lungs are working. It measures how much air you breathe in and out.

  • Bronchoprovocation-test to see how sensitive your airways are to different things.


Treatment

Treatment

  • Two types of treatment:

    -Long term control: help reduce airway inflammation and prevent symptoms.

    -Quick relief: “rescue” relieve symptoms that may flare up.

  • Pill form (short term) and Inhaler (long term)


Roles of

Roles of:

  • Diet- Dieting will not help you with your asthma, unless you avoid the foods that trigger your attacks.

  • Exercise- Exercise can sometimes trigger the attack.

  • Medicine- decreases symptoms and prevents inflammation


Statistics

Statistics

  • Asthma affects more than 20 million adults in the United States.

  • Asthma is the most common cause of hospitalization for children under the age of 15.

  • It is estimated that 80% of asthma deaths could be prevented with proper asthma education.


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • "How Is Asthma Diagnosed?" National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/asthma/diagnosis.html>.

  • "Asthma History - Through the Ages." Medical News Today: Health News. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/asthma/asthma-history.php>.

  • "Google Images." Google. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en>.

  • "Asthma Statistics." AchooAllergy.com – Making You Healthier and Happier Through Allergy Relief. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.achooallergy.com/asthma-statistics.asp>.


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