socio economic research progress update and future p lans
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Socio-economic research – Progress update and Future p lans. Ekin Birol, Manager, Impact and Policy. Aims of socio-economic studies. To inform efficient, effective and targeted crop development and delivery strategies

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aims of socio economic studies
Aims of socio-economic studies
  • To inform efficient, effective and targeted crop development and delivery strategies
  • To measure the impact of delivery strategies in terms of adoption, diffusion and improvement in health status
portfolio of socio economic studies
Portfolio of socio-economic studies
  • Completed/ongoing study
    • Varietal adoption study
  • Planned studies for 2012
    • Value (supply) chain study
    • Consumer acceptance study
    • Impact assessment study
    • Pricing experiment
varietal adoption study
Varietal adoption study
  • Aims
    • To understand the current “picture” of bean production and varietal choice
      • Current bean varietal adoption/diversification
      • Farmers’ preferences for various production and consumption traits
      • Farmers’ sources of information and seed
      • Household, market, agronomic factors that affect varietal adoption
    • Method
      • Structured farm household survey of representative sample of rural households
study design
Study design

Sampling

  • All 5 provinces
  • All 30 Districts
  • 77 sectors
  • ≈ 180 villages
  • 1321 households

Two (three) cropping Seasons

Feb-March 2011

bean cultivation by region type
Bean cultivation – by region & type
  • 85% of all rural households grew beans in both season A and B
  • 57% of farmers grew multiple varieties
importance of traits in varietal choice
Importance of traits in varietal choice
  • For Rwanda
    • Most important traits are yield, market demand and taste
    • Nutrition is not rated highly
  • Differences in valuation of traits across provinces
    • Market demand – Eastern
    • Nutrition – Kigali and Eastern
    • Ability to withstand draught – Eastern & Southern
    • Ability to withstand rainfall – Northern
planting material sources
Planting material sources
  • 85% of farmers used saved planting material from the previous season

Original planting material sources for

recyclers

Sources of planting material for

purchasers

information sources
Information sources

88% social networks

bean consumption and sales
Bean consumption and sales
  • A great majority of bean output (90%) is used for home consumption
  • Households consume beans 6 days a week

76% sold in the market

79% sold to traders

role of women in bean production
Role of women in bean production

“In Rwanda women are the bean specialists”

implications for development delivery
Implications for development & delivery
  • Preliminary analysis results show…
    • Multiplicity of varieties within & across fields
    • Most important traits – variation across provinces
    • District level delivery schedule
    • Most farmers don’t buy planting material annually
    • Social networks important sources of information
    • Role of women in bean production
  • Further analysis/study needed
    • to identify the variety names collected
    • to understand factors that affect varietal choice and the segments in the market
portfolio of socio economic studies1
Portfolio of socio-economic studies
  • Completed/ongoing study
    • Varietal adoption study
  • Planned studies for 2012
    • Value (supply) chain study
    • Consumer acceptance study
    • Impact assessment study
    • Pricing experiment
value chain study
Value chain study
  • Aims
    • To map of the bean seed and grain value chains
    • To understand the constraints and facilitating factors
    • To identify the main bean seed/grain attributes value chain actors look for
    • To understand high iron varieties’ marketability and price
  • Methods
    • Focus group discussions and key informant interviews (Eastern and Northern)
  • Timeline
    • June - September 2012
consumer acceptance study
Consumer acceptance study
  • Aims
    • To understand consumers’ sensory evaluation and valuation (willingness to pay) for high iron varieties
    • To understand the impact of information consumer acceptance
  • Methods
    • Food sciences – sensory evaluation (tasting)
    • Economics – eliciting willingness to pay surveys
  • Timeline
    • September 2012 – March 2013
impact assessment study
Impact assessment study
  • Aims
    • To measure the adoption and consumption of high iron varieties
    • To get feedback from high-iron bean growing farm households about various traits
  • Method
    • Collect a full list (i.e., census) of farmers who have bought high-iron bean seed
    • Randomly sample households from to interview
  • Timeline
    • Census was collected during delivery (February 2012) and survey will be conducted following harvest (September 2012)
pricing experiment
Pricing experiment
  • Aim
    • To understand the demand for high-iron bean seed and to ascertain the optimal price to charge
  • Method
    • Work with farmers and seed vendors before the planting season
    • Do a short baseline survey and give farmers discount vouchers (0%-100%)
    • Follow up survey to understand the use of vouchers
  • Timeline
    • August 2012 –March 2013
bean area
Bean area
  • For climbing smallest areas (total and per variety) in North and West and the largest in South and Kigali
  • For bush smallest areas (total and per variety) are in North and West and the largest in South and East
outline
Outline
  • Overall aim of socio-economic studies
  • Portfolio of socio-economic studies in Rwanda
    • Overview of the portfolio
    • For each study
      • Aims
      • Methods
      • Timeline
impact evaluation study
Impact evaluation study
  • Aims
    • To understand the nutrition impact
    • To understand what kind of delivery strategies work the best, are most cost-effectives and should be scaled up
  • Method
    • Randomisedcontrol trials: some communities will get seed (treatment) and some will not (control)
    • Baseline survey, intervention and endline survey
  • Timeline/location
    • When the full target varieties become available
    • Country TBD
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