Socio economic research progress update and future p lans
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Socio-economic research – Progress update and Future p lans. Ekin Birol, Manager, Impact and Policy. Aims of socio-economic studies. To inform efficient, effective and targeted crop development and delivery strategies

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Socio economic research progress update and future p lans

Socio-economic research – Progress update and Future plans

Ekin Birol, Manager, Impact and Policy


Aims of socio economic studies

Aims of socio-economic studies

  • To inform efficient, effective and targeted crop development and delivery strategies

  • To measure the impact of delivery strategies in terms of adoption, diffusion and improvement in health status


Portfolio of socio economic studies

Portfolio of socio-economic studies

  • Completed/ongoing study

    • Varietal adoption study

  • Planned studies for 2012

    • Value (supply) chain study

    • Consumer acceptance study

    • Impact assessment study

    • Pricing experiment


Varietal adoption study

Varietal adoption study

  • Aims

    • To understand the current “picture” of bean production and varietal choice

      • Current bean varietal adoption/diversification

      • Farmers’ preferences for various production and consumption traits

      • Farmers’ sources of information and seed

      • Household, market, agronomic factors that affect varietal adoption

    • Method

      • Structured farm household survey of representative sample of rural households


Study design

Study design

Sampling

  • All 5 provinces

  • All 30 Districts

  • 77 sectors

  • ≈ 180 villages

  • 1321 households

Two (three) cropping Seasons

Feb-March 2011


Bean cultivation by region type

Bean cultivation – by region & type

  • 85% of all rural households grew beans in both season A and B

  • 57% of farmers grew multiple varieties


Top 10 v arieties

Top 10 varieties


Importance of traits in varietal choice

Importance of traits in varietal choice

  • For Rwanda

    • Most important traits are yield, market demand and taste

    • Nutrition is not rated highly

  • Differences in valuation of traits across provinces

    • Market demand – Eastern

    • Nutrition – Kigali and Eastern

    • Ability to withstand draught – Eastern & Southern

    • Ability to withstand rainfall – Northern


Planting material sources

Planting material sources

  • 85% of farmers used saved planting material from the previous season

Original planting material sources for

recyclers

Sources of planting material for

purchasers


When to deliver planting material season a

When to deliver planting material – season A


Information sources

Information sources

88% social networks


Bean consumption and sales

Bean consumption and sales

  • A great majority of bean output (90%) is used for home consumption

  • Households consume beans 6 days a week

76% sold in the market

79% sold to traders


Role of women in bean production

Role of women in bean production

“In Rwanda women are the bean specialists”


Implications for development delivery

Implications for development & delivery

  • Preliminary analysis results show…

    • Multiplicity of varieties within & across fields

    • Most important traits – variation across provinces

    • District level delivery schedule

    • Most farmers don’t buy planting material annually

    • Social networks important sources of information

    • Role of women in bean production

  • Further analysis/study needed

    • to identify the variety names collected

    • to understand factors that affect varietal choice and the segments in the market


Portfolio of socio economic studies1

Portfolio of socio-economic studies

  • Completed/ongoing study

    • Varietal adoption study

  • Planned studies for 2012

    • Value (supply) chain study

    • Consumer acceptance study

    • Impact assessment study

    • Pricing experiment


Value chain study

Value chain study

  • Aims

    • To map of the bean seed and grain value chains

    • To understand the constraints and facilitating factors

    • To identify the main bean seed/grain attributes value chain actors look for

    • To understand high iron varieties’ marketability and price

  • Methods

    • Focus group discussions and key informant interviews (Eastern and Northern)

  • Timeline

    • June - September 2012


Consumer acceptance study

Consumer acceptance study

  • Aims

    • To understand consumers’ sensory evaluation and valuation (willingness to pay) for high iron varieties

    • To understand the impact of information consumer acceptance

  • Methods

    • Food sciences – sensory evaluation (tasting)

    • Economics – eliciting willingness to pay surveys

  • Timeline

    • September 2012 – March 2013


Impact assessment study

Impact assessment study

  • Aims

    • To measure the adoption and consumption of high iron varieties

    • To get feedback from high-iron bean growing farm households about various traits

  • Method

    • Collect a full list (i.e., census) of farmers who have bought high-iron bean seed

    • Randomly sample households from to interview

  • Timeline

    • Census was collected during delivery (February 2012) and survey will be conducted following harvest (September 2012)


Pricing experiment

Pricing experiment

  • Aim

    • To understand the demand for high-iron bean seed and to ascertain the optimal price to charge

  • Method

    • Work with farmers and seed vendors before the planting season

    • Do a short baseline survey and give farmers discount vouchers (0%-100%)

    • Follow up survey to understand the use of vouchers

  • Timeline

    • August 2012 –March 2013


Socio economic studies in rwanda

Socio-economic studies in Rwanda


Socio economic research progress update and future p lans

Murakoze!! Merci beaucoup!! Thank you!!


Bean area

Bean area

  • For climbing smallest areas (total and per variety) in North and West and the largest in South and Kigali

  • For bush smallest areas (total and per variety) are in North and West and the largest in South and East


Outline

Outline

  • Overall aim of socio-economic studies

  • Portfolio of socio-economic studies in Rwanda

    • Overview of the portfolio

    • For each study

      • Aims

      • Methods

      • Timeline


Some household characteristics

Some household characteristics


Impact evaluation study

Impact evaluation study

  • Aims

    • To understand the nutrition impact

    • To understand what kind of delivery strategies work the best, are most cost-effectives and should be scaled up

  • Method

    • Randomisedcontrol trials: some communities will get seed (treatment) and some will not (control)

    • Baseline survey, intervention and endline survey

  • Timeline/location

    • When the full target varieties become available

    • Country TBD


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