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LBJ: “Let us continue”. Quickly pushed thru Congress 2 key “Kennedy” bills: $10B tax reduction – led to  consumer spending & job growth Civil Rights Act (1964) – declared segregation in public facilities illegal. Lyndon Johnson in Action. 1964: LBJ waged “war on poverty”

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LBJ: “Let us continue”

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Lbj let us continue

LBJ: “Let us continue”

  • Quickly pushed thru Congress 2 key “Kennedy” bills:

    • $10B tax reduction – led to  consumer spending & job growth

    • Civil Rights Act (1964) – declared segregation in public facilities illegal


Lyndon johnson in action

Lyndon Johnson in Action

  • 1964: LBJ waged “war on poverty”

    • Office of Econ Opportunity

    • Job Corps for HS dropouts

    • Head Start for preschoolers

    • Adult ed / technical training opportunities

  • 10,000,000 fewer in poverty by 1970

In 1964, the U.S. had 35 million poor people


The election of 1964

The Election of 1964

  • 1964: LBJ ran against:

    • Cons Repub Barry Goldwater rejected LBJ’s liberal welfare programs & called for a stronger foreign policy stance

    • Segregationist George Wallace

  • LBJ won in a landslide & the Democrats took control of Congress for 1st time in 25 years


The great society

The Great Society

  • “Great Society” domestic agenda:

    • Medicare & Medicaid extended health insurance to elderly & poor

    • $1 billion for schools

    • Voting Rights Act of 1965 banned literacy tests & provided federal registrars for polls


The triumph of reform

The Triumph of Reform

  • By 1965, Congress passed 89 social agenda laws or reforms

    • Great Society most comprehensive agenda of social reform since FDR

    • But…Vietnam War pulled down his social agenda efforts


Johnson escalates the vietnam war

Johnson Escalates the Vietnam War


Lbj escalates the vietnam war

LBJ Escalates the Vietnam War

“I am not going to lose Vietnam. I am not going to be the president who saw Southeast Asia go the way China went.”

—LBJ

  • LBJ continued JFK’s strong foreign policy positions too:

    • CIA-sponsored coups in Brazil, Panama, & the Dominican Republic

    • Continued Eisenhower & JFK policies towards Vietnam

  • LBJ found himself under attack from Congress, the media, & universities


Lbj escalates the vietnam war1

LBJ Escalates the Vietnam War

  • 1964:

    • Bombed N Vietnam – revenge for attack on USS Maddox in Gulf of Tonkin

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ authority to:

    • Defend S Vietnam at any cost

    • Unlimited military intervention at LBJ’s discretion


Lbj let us continue

The Vietnam War


Escalation

Escalation

  • 1965 marked beginning of full-scaleUSinvolvement in Vietnam

    • LBJ said “without US action, defeat is inevitable”

    • Authorized bombing of NV/requested 50,000soldiers

    • Never explained how US would win

Advisors wanted 100,000 troops in 1965 & 100,000 more in 1966; Estimations were 500 U.S. deaths per month


Stalemate

Stalemate

  • 1968: 500,000 US troops in Vietnam

    • US bombings & “search & destroy” attacks ineffective

    • Soviet & Chinese weaponry freely flowed into N Vietnam

    • Reckless bombings killed thousands of innocent civilians

  • The bloody stalemate & media depictionofthewarledtoprotests


Lbj let us continue

Image of the “My Lai Massacre,” 1968


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