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LBJ: “Let us continue”. Quickly pushed thru Congress 2 key “Kennedy” bills: $10B tax reduction – led to  consumer spending & job growth Civil Rights Act (1964) – declared segregation in public facilities illegal. Lyndon Johnson in Action. 1964: LBJ waged “war on poverty”

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lbj let us continue
LBJ: “Let us continue”
  • Quickly pushed thru Congress 2 key “Kennedy” bills:
    • $10B tax reduction – led to  consumer spending & job growth
    • Civil Rights Act (1964) – declared segregation in public facilities illegal
lyndon johnson in action
Lyndon Johnson in Action
  • 1964: LBJ waged “war on poverty”
    • Office of Econ Opportunity
    • Job Corps for HS dropouts
    • Head Start for preschoolers
    • Adult ed / technical training opportunities
  • 10,000,000 fewer in poverty by 1970

In 1964, the U.S. had 35 million poor people

the election of 1964
The Election of 1964
  • 1964: LBJ ran against:
    • Cons Repub Barry Goldwater rejected LBJ’s liberal welfare programs & called for a stronger foreign policy stance
    • Segregationist George Wallace
  • LBJ won in a landslide & the Democrats took control of Congress for 1st time in 25 years
the great society
The Great Society
  • “Great Society” domestic agenda:
    • Medicare & Medicaid extended health insurance to elderly & poor
    • $1 billion for schools
    • Voting Rights Act of 1965 banned literacy tests & provided federal registrars for polls
the triumph of reform
The Triumph of Reform
  • By 1965, Congress passed 89 social agenda laws or reforms
    • Great Society most comprehensive agenda of social reform since FDR
    • But…Vietnam War pulled down his social agenda efforts
lbj escalates the vietnam war
LBJ Escalates the Vietnam War

“I am not going to lose Vietnam. I am not going to be the president who saw Southeast Asia go the way China went.”

—LBJ

  • LBJ continued JFK’s strong foreign policy positions too:
    • CIA-sponsored coups in Brazil, Panama, & the Dominican Republic
    • Continued Eisenhower & JFK policies towards Vietnam
  • LBJ found himself under attack from Congress, the media, & universities
lbj escalates the vietnam war1
LBJ Escalates the Vietnam War
  • 1964:
    • Bombed N Vietnam – revenge for attack on USS Maddox in Gulf of Tonkin
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ authority to:
    • Defend S Vietnam at any cost
    • Unlimited military intervention at LBJ’s discretion
escalation
Escalation
  • 1965 marked beginning of full-scaleUSinvolvement in Vietnam
    • LBJ said “without US action, defeat is inevitable”
    • Authorized bombing of NV/requested 50,000soldiers
    • Never explained how US would win

Advisors wanted 100,000 troops in 1965 & 100,000 more in 1966; Estimations were 500 U.S. deaths per month

stalemate
Stalemate
  • 1968: 500,000 US troops in Vietnam
    • US bombings & “search & destroy” attacks ineffective
    • Soviet & Chinese weaponry freely flowed into N Vietnam
    • Reckless bombings killed thousands of innocent civilians
  • The bloody stalemate & media depictionofthewarledtoprotests
ad