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BØGEKÆRGÅRD Anette & Kaj Munck www.boegekaergaard.dk. Denmark. EUROPA. Bøgekærgård. Kaj Munck Tornemarksvej 4, Jyderup, 4640 Faxe. Vi overtog Bøgekærgård i 1988. Bøgekærgård 1988: 24 ha 60 sows, no workers, 2 million kr. 1992 buy 27 ha and make for 150 sows leasing 19 ha

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B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

BØGEKÆRGÅRD

Anette & KajMunck

www.boegekaergaard.dk


B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

Denmark

EUROPA


B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

Bøgekærgård

Kaj Munck

Tornemarksvej 4, Jyderup, 4640 Faxe


B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

Vi overtog Bøgekærgård i 1988


B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

  • Bøgekærgård

  • 1988: 24 ha 60 sows, no workers, 2 million kr.

  • 1992 buy 27 ha and make for 150 sows leasing 19 ha

  • 1996 starting up finishers 2500/ year

  • 1998 buy 35 ha

  • 2004 build for 400 sows totally leasing 25 ha more

  • 2005 buy 18 ha and leasing 29 ha

  • 2012 leasing 30 ha more

  • Today 188 ha 400 sows export 8800 in a pig circle contract 35 kgs. Pigs.

  • 2900 finishers from 35-108, 4 workers

  • Home production of breeding animal. 


Antibiotic growth promotors

Antibiotic Growth Promotors

  • 1988 Resistans to almost all kind of antibiotics.

  • 1992 we got a contract export to UK through DC.

  • 1995 free stop from Danish finishers

  • 1995 Many farmers stopped giving weaners

  • 1998 The year off a ban in DK for AGP for finishers.

  • 1999 The year for a ban for AGP for weaners

  • 2000 Total stop for AGP in EU

  • 2005 also stop in France and Spain and Italy.!!!!


Denmarks national scheme to cut antibiotic use in livestock

Denmarks National Scheme To Cut AntibioticUse in Livestock

  • Not a new thing – started 20 yearsago

  • Legislation and industryinitiatives

    • Laws

    • Voluntarybans

  • Focusonanimalhealthmanyyearsbeforethat

    • Pigs

      • SPF-system for pigs – 1968

      • Eradication of Aujeszkys disease-1980-1990

    • Cattle

      • Eradicationprogrammes for IBR – 1980-1990,

      • BVD – last decade

    • Broilers and layers

      • Hygieneprogrammes in broilers – salmonella programme


  • B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • What happened when we stopped AGP

    • Diarrhoea more specifict.“Lawsonia” vaccination

    • Mortality +1 first year. Next year no difference.

    • Change of minerals and premix more digestibility

    • Change of protein more fishmeal and potato protein

    • Less soybeanmeal more wheat

    • No more milking powder in food. Except 3-12 kgs.

    • Age of weaners from 24 days to 35 days.

    • More straw to special weaners first 14 days.

    • Use of floor heating in all pens for weaners.

    • Small and big weaners in each room for treatment.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • More focus for change of air.

    • Sick pens for sick pigs giving antibiotics full dose.

    • Finishers from 75 % wheat and 22% soybean meal----

    • 40% wheat 36% barley 20% soybean meal and 4% mineral mix.

    • Giving more straw every day.= fiber

    • Much focus on hygiene from small to big pigs

    • All in All out and total clean between each batch.

    • Not stream line pigs in special section 2 weeks more

    • Lot of test for what a pig need in (in food) vsp.dk

    • “ DANISH PIG RESEARCH CENTER”


    Management

    Management

    • Agreement with the vet and audit, selfcontrol

    • Visit every month – inspection report

    • Round trip for all pigs in all housing units

    • Registration of antibiotics usage since last visit

    • Prescription of antibiotics and vaccines and pain killers

    • Autopsy of dead pigs

    • Going through treatment and cause of death all pigs

    • Faecal samples for testing bacterial resistance towards certain types of antibiotics


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • More focus for change of air and correct temperature.

    • Sick pens for sick pigs giving antibiotics full dose.

    • Finishers from 75 % wheat and 22% soybean meal----

    • 40% wheat 36% barley 20% soybean meal and 4% mineral mix.

    • Giving more straw every day.= fiber

    • Much focus on hygiene from small to big pigs-infection

    • All in All out and total clean between each batch.

    • Not stream line pigs in special section 2 weeks more

    • Lot of test for what a pig need in (in food) vsp.dk=

    • “ DANISH PIG RESEARCH CENTER”


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    Before weaning

    • Never wean pigs below 6.5 kg – never!

    • Minimum age of weaned pig is 28 days by law.

    • We have suckling period at 38 days. Weaning age 32

    • Never wean any sick pigs.

    • More food for sows up to 16 kg/ day (avoid lean sows)

    • Use nursing sows 2 steps .

    • Check for sick pigs every day!

    • Using collecting sows.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    Weaners

    • Feed component must match the age of the pigs (compensate)

    • Restrictive feeding especially the first 10-14 days after weaning

    • Correct housing temperature, dry pens at insertion

    • Number of pigs in the pens

    • No cold draught in the resting area

    • Floor heating - correct temperature for the pigs

    • No manure or manure gas steaming up

    • Straw for all pigs every day

    • Check for sick pigs every day!

    • Test of resistance diarrhoea

    • BSO registration codes off disease

    • Giving Yoghurt 10% 2x day in 7 days.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    Management

    • Sectioned batch operation 100%

    • AIAO = all-in/all-out

    • Washing and disinfection between batches

    • Hygiene – a top priority desinfektion and drying in 2 days

    • All sick pigs in relief pens - very important =1,2% dead !!!

    • Only medication in sick pens and relief pens.

    • Adding formic acid, lactic acid and propionicacid(-slatted floor)

    • Probiotics ( feedstuff industri)

    • Zinc oxide 2500 ppm first week after weaning


    Finishers

    Finishers

    • Feed components rich in fiber for pigs weighing 30-100 kg

    • Correct housing temperature, dry pens at insertion

    • No cold draught in the resting area

    • Floor heating - correct temperature for the pigs

    • No manure or manure gas steaming up

    • Straw for all pigs every day

    • Check for sick pigs every day!

    • No waste of food any where

    • Test of resistance diarrhoea

    • BSO registration codes off disease


    Impact on productivity finishers 30 100 kg experiences from 62 herds

    Impact on productivity, finishers (30-100 kg)- Experiences from 62 herds

    Observed development in daily gain

    Erfaring 0005


    Impact on productivity finishers 30 100 kg conclusions

    Impact on productivity, finishers (30-100 kg)- Conclusions

    • Overall only few problems.

    • Experience groups giving ideas farm to farm

    • 3) Existing know-how is sufficient to solve problems:

      • More barley / texture in the feed

      • Less crude protein

      • Addition of organic acids to feed or water


    Legislation

    Legislation

    • Antibiotics have alwaysbeen on prescription

    • Ban on sale of generics from vet to farmer

    • Separation of sales and veterinaryadvice

    • Vetstat

    • Yellow card


    Separation of advise from sale of antibiotics ban of sale of generics pigs

    Separation of advise from sale of antibiotics – ban of sale of genericsPigs

    • Vet not allowed to sell antibiotics (except for 5 days emergency treatment)

    • Health advisory contract between producer and vet

      • Vet writes prescription to producer

      • Pharmacy delivers the product

      • Producer can keep antibiotics for 35 days

  • Removes incentive for prescribing too much

  • Changes focus to management and prevention


  • Industry initiatives

    Industry initiatives

    • AGP’s

      • Voluntary stop finishers 1998

      • Voluntary total stop 2000

  • Cephalosporins

    • 2010 voluntary stop for 3. and 4. generation cephalosporins in the pig production

    • Not used for Danish broilers

    • Reduced use cattle


  • Effect of alternative strategies on productivity and diarrhoea

    High

    Low

    {

    Immunity (E-vitamin)

    Gruel

    Dry

    {

    Feed type

    Feed additives

    Restrictive

    Ad libitum

    {

    Feed strategy

    Meal

    Pellets

    {

    Expensive

    Cheap

    Feed form

    {

    Feed mix

    4 weeks

    5 weeks

    {

    Weaning age

    High

    Low

    {

    Protein level

    Effect of alternative strategies on productivity and diarrhoea

    Expensive vs. cheap diets

    No effect on diarrhoea

    Improved gain in one herd (out of two) = DKK +4 /pig

    Additional cost with expensive feed = DKK 12-15 /pig

    • Reduced protein resulted in:

    • Less diarrhoea (0.8-1.7 treat. days)

      • = DKK +1-2 /pig

      • Reduced gain (-30 g/day)

      • = DKK -8.5/pig

    More ”robust” pigs with late weaning

    • With restrictive feeding:

      • Fewer treatments for diarrhoea

      • Lower mortality (one herd)

      • Reduced productivity (one herd)


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • Production of finishers without AGP is possible

    • Weaning without AGP is possible, but not easy

    • Positive effect of late weaning

    • Effect of low protein, but not economically

    • Some products can help the pigs

      • Organic acids in high doses (> 1%)


    Feeding is not a single factor

    Feeding is not a single factor!

    Remember that many other things can affect productivity and health


    Experiences

    Experiences

    • Farmer-to-farmer exchange of know-how

    • Yearly congress for pig farmers – new knowledge

    • Use of independent advisers food, vet and consultant.

    Handle the pigs

    the way you want

    to be handled


    Survival

    Survival

    "It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change."

    - Charles Darwin


    Svinek dsbranche i dk pr dec 2010

    Svinekødsbranche i DKpr. dec. 2010


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Export of pork from Denmark 90% of production

    • Germany

    • UK

    • China

    • Japan

    • Russia

    • Poland

    • Italy, Sweden, France and now also Australia(freeland food)


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Livingexport.

    • Germany: 5.500.000 at 30 kg

    • Germany:200.000 finishers 120 kg

    • Poland:1.000.000 at 30 kg

    • East Europe: 1.000.000.30-35 kg

    • Breeding sows 300.000. all around the world.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Special for Denmark.

    • New law 1 january 2012 : Alarm elektronik SMS alarm when slurry tank is 95 % full evt. Alarm to Falck or ISS, via mobil.

    • If slurry tank is closer than 200 m to a lake or a little stream, must be a plan for safety and must be dyke around to protect nature!!!!!!!

    • Log book for slurry tank describing floating layer if it is OK.

    • Every month we make registrations on internet.(controlled by airphotos


    Welfare

    Welfare

    • Min 8 hours light a day at all pigs 200 LUX

    • Alarm system giving signal by missing ventilation

    • If water is running, 

    • Alarm system must call you if temperature is high or low, if electricity has been cut off.

    • Test 1x/week. Self Audit that you tested it.

    • Alarm has to call at least 3 persons or a central for alarm.

    • Emergency ventilation if temperature over max.ore if electricity has been cut off.


    Welfare1

    Welfare

    • Sick pens 3-5 % off all pens has to be for sick pigs,

    • There must always be a vacant room for a sick pigs.

    • Rooting materials for all pigs at all

    • All pigs to be pain killed before they are castrated.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • “PIG RESEARCH CENTER”

    • Lot of test for optimal temperature

    • Foodstuff

    • Degree of grinding different for age of pigs

    • Max and min standard, of different foodstuff minerals etc.

    • Zink max 2500 ppm.

    • Cu 2 milligram /kg some troubles special in Holland big use of Cu as grow promoters had been given a lot of dead sheep, they were poising by Cu.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Sick pens

    • 3-5 % of all animals in the herd must have space in sick pens maximum 3 in each room

    • The floor must be soft and lot of straw 5 times space heating supply, and area for cooling, max 25% drained floor

    • And after this relief pens for recreation.


    2010 yellow card initiative

    2010 Yellow card initiative

    • Herds with more than double the averageconsumption

    • ADD – Animal dailydoses

    • Placed under extra supervision

    • If not successful in reductionoffantibiotic

      • Second opinion visit

      • Otherrestrictionscanbeinforced – reduction of productionlevelmuch more control and advicing.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • 2012 Germany start making Yellow card for pigs in the same way as Denmark,

    • Starting up 1. april and adjust 1-1-2013

    • Holland arenowrefused to reduceuseoffantbiotics 50 % in 2012.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    Yellow card initiative


    Spf control

    SPF control

    • Red system (breeding and multiplying)

      • Visit from independent vetsonce a month

        • Clinicalcontrol

        • Bloodsamples and other relevant clinicalmaterial

        • Check of biosecuritycompliance

    • Blue system (production herds)

      • Visit by practitionereverymonth

        • Clinicalcontrol

        • Bloodsamplesonce a year

        • Check of biosecuritycompliance


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    SPF

    • All herds have to comply with strictbiosecurity-rules

      • Onlyreceiving pigs from the system

      • Birdproofing

      • Rodentcontrol

      • Restrictions on persons entering the herd

        • Quarantine – change of clothe, change of boots, handwashing

      • Building totallysealed of from the surroundings

      • Only SPF-authorised transport of pigs


    Use of antibiotics in the animal production 2009

    Use of antibiotics in the animalproduction - 2009


    Salmonella resistans in pork 2009 relevant antibiotics

    Salmonella resistans in pork-2009 – relevant antibiotics


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    CODE OF PRATICE 2002

    Background Extern audit once a yearPurpose

    Delivery of pigs and sowsDanish Crown's ethical approach to pig productionDanish Crown rulesFood Securityinfection Protection


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    FeedSelf Treatment of swineSalmonella and other zoonosesMedical residuesmeat and fat qualityHalothane and RN-geneRequirements for the feedanimal ethicsNatural light in all stables


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    Damages in pigs and sows

    Posal of dead pigs

    QS kontrol German costomersControlpenalties

    CHR registration of all transportation of livestockannimal i DK.


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Special for Denmark.

    • New law 1 january 2012 : Alarm elektronik SMS alarm when manure tank is 95 % full evt. Alarm to Falck or ISS, via mobil.

    • If manure tank is closer than 200 m to a lake or a little stream, must be made a plan for safety and must be dyke around to protect nature!!!!!!!

    • Log book for slurry tank describing floating layer if it is OK.

    • Every month we make registrations on internet.(controlled by airphotos once a year)


    Environnement

    Environnement

    • The future in Denmark for pig farm big size is negative

    • Long distance, to next neighbor 2000 m.

    • Many ha for manure 51 finishers /ha

    • Cleaning systems for air ammonia and smell

    • O-tolerance for smell and ammonia

    • Good logistic for transportation, food, pigs and slurry.

    • 4 years administrations time maybe more if any complain.

    • Lots of restrictions use of land. Harassment crops


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Salmonellaplan 100 million kr in 1995 and 25 million kr. Year since.

    • Denmark is nowalmostfree of salmonella in eggs and poultry.

    • 90% off all salmonella sickpeople have got it from othercountries ( hollidays etc.) or from importedfood

    • Raspberryscandal in Germany 35 death and manysick for a long time. Use of


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • P is a trouble: it is very necessary but the standard is very low. Max 30 kg / ha Year

    • Makes it necessary making use of Phytase -60%

    • Very difficult to start up a new production of livestock because of troubles with phosphorus, around in the seas and lakes and rivers.

    • BUT it is allow to use in fertilizer more than 30 kg


    B gek rg rd anette kaj munck boegekaergaard dk

    • Also nitrogen is a trouble. Government have made standard for how much N it is allowed / ha in the different sorts of land and crops. We are missing about 20-30% yield / ha

    • In 1989 an interview in TV show 10 dead lobsters found in the sea north of Zealand and suddenly all Danish farmers had to manure tanks for 1 year production of manure. And rules for when we may bring it out for the crops and how much. Standard for minerals only in Denmark


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