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WEBINAR IN ENGLISH. VAWA 101 AND INADMISSIBILITY ISSUES. GOAL:. To review basic requirements for self petitioning under VAWA To introduce participants to the basics of adjustment of status. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE. THE KEY TO YOUR CLIENT’S CASE.

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WEBINAR IN ENGLISH

VAWA 101 AND INADMISSIBILITY ISSUES


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GOAL:

  • To review basic requirements for self petitioning under VAWA

  • To introduce participants to the basics of adjustment of status


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DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

THE KEY TO YOUR CLIENT’S CASE

soniak@icadv.org


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Dynamics of Domestic Violence in Immigrant Communities

  • Definition of Domestic Violence

    • Pattern of continuous abusive behaviors

      • Physical

      • Psychological

      • Emotional

      • Verbal

    • Used by one person to exercise power and control over another person

soniak@icadv.org


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Power & Control Tactics Used Against Battered Immigrants

  • Emotional Abuse

  • Economic Abuse

  • Sexual Abuse

  • Coercion & Threats

  • Using Children

  • Intimidation

  • Isolation

  • Using Citizenship or Residency Privilege

  • Minimizing, Denying & Blaming

soniak@icadv.org


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“Battery & Extreme Cruelty”

  • “being the victim of any act of a threatened act of violence, including any forceful detention, which results or threatens to result in physical or mental injury. Psychological or sexual abuse or exploitation, including rape, molestation incest (if the victim is a minor) or forced prostitution shall be considered acts of violence. Other abusive actions may also be acts of violence under this rule. Acts or threatened acts that, in and of themselves, may not initially appear violent may be part of an overall pattern of violence”

soniak@icadv.org



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Potential ImmigrationLegal Remedies

  • Applications filed with DHS

    • VAWA self petition

    • Battered spouse waivers

    • U visa

    • T visa

  • Defenses before immigration judge

    • Cancellation of Removal under VAWA

    • Asylum/Gender Asylum

soniak@icadv.org


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VAWA Confidentiality Provisions

  • Section 384 of The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA)

  • In no case may any CIS employee “permit use by or disclosure to anyone…of any information which relates to an alien who is the beneficiary of an application for relief” under the VAWA provisions.

  • Violations are grounds for disciplinary action and/or fine

soniak@icadv.org


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Battered Spouse Waivers (I-751)

  • A pre-VAWA attempt to help battered immigrants

  • The battered spouse waiver allows the removing conditions on residency without:

    • Relying on the batterer

    • Having to remain in abusive relationship for 2 years

soniak@icadv.org



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General VAWA Self-Petitioning Requirements(INA Sec. 204)

  • Subjected to Battery or Extreme Cruelty

  • By a U.S. Citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident Spouse or Parent

    • File within 2 years of divorce

  • With Whom You Resided

  • Good Moral Character

  • Good Faith Marriage

    Prima Facie Determination = Public Benefits

soniak@icadv.org


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HYPOTHETICAL #1

Margarita, a citizen from Canada, is married

to Jacobo, a student from England. They got

married in England. Jacobo has been

physically abusing Margarita for the past

three months. She is concerned because the

abuse is escalating.

  • What is the immigration status of Margarita?

  • Does she have any remedies under VAWA?

soniak@icadv.org


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Who is covered as a “child”?

  • Abused biological child

  • Abused step-children

  • Abused mother can include children from other relationships in her self-petition

  • Termination of parental rights no effect

  • Under 21 years of age

  • NEW EXCEPTION-

    • Over 21 under 25 if shows connection between not filing on time and abuse

soniak@icadv.org


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Proof of Legal Marriage

  • Proof of prior divorces of both parties

  • Common law marriages are valid if valid under family laws

  • Bigamy by abuser will not bar filing if

    • Good faith intent by applicant AND

    • Legal ceremony

  • Good faith marriage

    • Not solely to gain immigration status

soniak@icadv.org


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PROVING YOUR CASE

  • STANDARD OF PROOF

    • ANY CREDIBLE EVIDENCE

soniak@icadv.org


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EVIDENCE

  • Any credible evidence

  • Critical evidence

    • Applicant’s declaration

    • Corroborative evidence

    • Systems documentation: Protection order, medical records, police reports

    • Expert declarations: shelter workers, battered women’ advocates, persons providing mental health treatment (not just assessment)

    • Family court findings re: domestic violence, legal marriage, abuser’s immigration status

soniak@icadv.org


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PROVING YOUR CASE

REQUIREMENTS AND PARTNERSHIPS

soniak@icadv.org


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REQUIREMENT

QUALIFYING RELATIONSHIP

soniak@icadv.org


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REQUIREMENT

RESIDED TOGHETER

soniak@icadv.org


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REQUIREMENT

BATTERY OR EXTREME CRUELTY

soniak@icadv.org


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Types of Evidence of Battery & Extreme Cruelty

  • Police Records

  • Protection Orders

  • Medical Records

  • Photographs & Letters

  • Material Evidence

  • Witness Affidavits

  • School Records

  • Expert Testimony

  • Civil Court Records

  • Criminal Court Records

  • Statements from Shelter Workers and Other Counselors

soniak@icadv.org


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REQUIREMENT

ABUSER’S STATUS

USC/LPR

soniak@icadv.org


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Proving Abuser’s Citizenship or Immigration Status

  • Statement in victim’s affidavit

  • Copy of green card

  • Birth certificate

  • Baptismal certificate

  • Copy of U.S. passport

  • Naturalization certificate

  • Statement from consular official certifying citizenship

  • State Department form verifying citizen birth abroad

  • Request USCIS search its records

soniak@icadv.org


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REQUIREMENT

GOOD FAITH MARRIAGE

soniak@icadv.org


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Good faith marriage

  • Marriage certificate

  • Marriage license

  • Evidence of wife’s prior divorces

  • Wedding pictures

  • Vacation, holiday, family event photos

  • Birth certificates for children

  • Love letters

  • Letters to victim’s family by spouse

  • Victim’s affidavit discussion the courtship and marriage

  • Photo ID with married name

soniak@icadv.org


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Evidence of Marriage Continued

  • Affidavits from persons who knew abuser and spouse as married couple

  • Joint leases, bank accounts, tax returns

  • Police, medical, court documents about relationship

  • Abuser listed as emergency contact

  • Insurance policies with spouse as beneficiary

  • Evidence that the couple lived together

soniak@icadv.org


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Additional Self-petitioning Child Documentation

  • Child’s birth certificate

  • Legal legitimation or acknowledgement

  • Adoption decree

  • If over 21 but under 25,must show connection with abuse and not filing on time.

  • If step child:

  • Parents marriage license/certificate

  • Birth certificate

  • Marriage of natural parent to step-parent before child turned 18.

soniak@icadv.org


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REQUIEREMENT

GOOD MORAL CHARACTER

soniak@icadv.org


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Good moral character

  • Criminal records check

    • Every place victim lived for 6 months in past 3 years

  • Domestic violence convictions and protection order violations can bar good moral character

  • VAWA 2000: even if barred, may be overcome for victims if “waivable” AND connected to domestic violence

soniak@icadv.org


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Preparing an I-360 Case

  • Client’s Affidavit

  • Supporting Documents (safety planning)

  • Forms I-360/G-28

  • Fee or Fee Waiver NO FEE

  • Cover Letter

  • Good Moral Conduct Certificate

  • Application is filed w/ the Vermont Service Center

soniak@icadv.org


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After the Self Petition has been filed:

  • Notice of Prima Facie Determination

    This means the applicant is a “qualified” alien for the purpose of obtaining public assistance.

  • Approval and Deferred Action

    DHS has assigned a low priority to the removal of this person from the United States.

  • Employment Authorization Document

    A card which grants permission to work in the United States- 274 a 12 c 31 or 12 c 14

soniak@icadv.org


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Two ways to obtain a green card:

  • adjustment of status in the U.S.

    • VAWA self-petitioners do not have to leave the country

  • consular processing outside of the U.S.

soniak@icadv.org


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II: Achieving LPR, Adjustment

  • Prepare applications for adjustment of status

  • Creatively document arguments for overcoming barriers to adjustment


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How Adjustment Works

  • Who can adjust here? Who must go abroad?

  • What are VAWA exceptions?

  • What’s happening in your district?


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Adjustment Application Packet

  • Form I-485 (one for each derivative)

  • Filing fee - $325 ($225? if under age 14)

    • Fee waivers available

  • Form G-325 (if 14 or older)

  • Fingerprint fee - $70.00

    • Fingerprint appointment scheduled by USCIS

  • Four photos (some USCIS offices require less)


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Adjustment Application Packet (cont’d)

  • Notice of approval of I-360 (unless filed at same time with I-360 at VSC)

  • Form I-693 Medical Exam

    • By immigration-approved civil surgeon

  • Copy of passport and I-94 (if any)

  • Evidence of financial support

  • Birth certificate with translation


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When there’s an old 130

  • Strategy when 130 = pending

  • General VAWA adjustment

  • U & T adjustment


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What to do about kids?

  • What should you do about derivatives here?

  • Abroad?


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Flagging inadmissibility

  • What do you ask to ferret out problems?

  • What are most common problems?


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Common Inadmissibility Barriers

  • Prior Removals

  • Unlawful presence

  • Fraud

  • Crimes


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  • Fraud

  • Public charge

  • Crimes


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General Arguments

  • The ground doesn’t apply at all

    • Elements that trigger are lacking

    • Get the state statute and check

  • Or there’s an exception

    • Crimes of Moral Turpitude

  • Even if it does apply, there’s a waiver


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Related to self-petition

  • Good moral character bars

  • Good faith marriage concerns

  • Good and bad of addressing in SP


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Excellent Waivers

  • 212(i) for Fraud

    • Extreme Hardship to Self and/or

      • USC/LPR/Qualified Alien parent or child

  • 212(h) for CMTs & 30 grams or less

    • (1)(C) = qualifies as self-petitioner

  • 212(d)(13) & (14) for Ts & Us

    • T = national interest and connection to victimization

    • U = public or national interest


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Filing the Waiver

  • Form I-601

  • Fee - $ 545.00.

  • Supporting documents (SELF+RELATIVES)

    • 212(i) – EH to self/qualifying relative

    • If QR, proof of relationship and

    • Proof of qualifying relative’s status

    • 212(h) = VAWA approval

  • Discretionary factors

    • Rehab & positive work



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Options

  • Adjustment

  • Us & Ts (termination)

  • VAWA Cancellation

  • SIJs

  • Asylum


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Moving to Reopen

  • In absentia

  • Merits


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Resources for You

Website info:

www.asistahelp.org

Questions or technical assistance?

Questions@asistahelp.org

Join VAWAExperts and VAWAupdates


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TITULONUMERO DE BECA ETCWEBINARIO

PRESENTADO POR:

Sonia Parras Konrad

Maria Jose Fletcher


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TERMINOLOGIA

ALIENS/EXTRANJEROS

NO INMIGRANTES

INMIGRANTES

VISAS

“GREEN CARD”

CATEGORIAS ESPECIALES

ASILIADO

REFUGIADO

LA PREFERENCIA DE FAMILIA

PETICIONARIO

BENEFICIARIO

CIUDADANO AMERICANO

RESIDENTE LEGAL PERMANENTE

FECHA DE PRIORIDAD

CONCEPTOS BASICOS DE INMIGRACION


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CUIDADANO AMERICANO

ESPOSA/O

HIJOS NO CASADOS

( –21)

HIJOS CASADOS (+21)

PADRES (+21)

HERMANOS

CIUDADANO = PETICIONARIO

FAMILIAR= BENEFICIARIO

ESPOSA E HIJOS

UN SOLO PASO

AUTORIZACION DE EMPLEO

ESPERA A LA ENTREVISTA FINAL

CUIDADO! 245 (I)

PETICION DE FAMILIA


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RESIDENTE LEGAL PERMANENTE

ESPOSA

HIJOS MENORES DE 21

HIJOS MAYORES DE 21 NO CASADOS

PROCEDIMIENTO

2 PASOS

PETICION

AJUSTE DE ESTATUS

I-130, ESPERA A LA FECHA DE PRIORIDAD

FECHA DE PRIORIDAD VIGENTE

PERMISO DE TRABAJO

AJUSTE DE ESTATUS

PETICION DE FAMILIA


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ESPOSAS,VIUDAS (usc) O DIVORCIADAS E HIJOS DE:

CIUDADANOS AMERICANOS

RESIDENTES PERMANENTES

ATENCION:

FECHA LIMITE DE DOS ANOS

CUIDADO CON LA BIGAMIA

PERSONAS DE BUEN CARACTER MORAL

CASADAS DE BUENA FE

ALGUNAS MUJERES PODRAN ENVIAR SU CASO DESDE OTROS PAISES

SON O HAN SIDO VICTIMAS DEL ABUSO EN EL HOGAR

ABUSO FISICO O CRUELDAD EXTREMA

PETICION PROPIA BAJO VAWAQUIEN CALIFICA


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PROBANDO EL CASO DE VAWA

EVIDENCIAS DE QUE EL ESPOSO ES UN CIUDADANO O UN RESIDENTE?

  • ESPOSAS(VIUDAS USC Y DIVORCIADAS DE USC Y LPR)HIJOS DE:

    • CIUDADANOS AMERICANOS

    • RESIDENTES PERMANENTES. (RELACION BAJO INA).


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PROBANDO EL CASO DE VAWA

EVIDENCIAS?

  • CASADAS, EN UNION LIBRE, DIVORCIADAS O CIUDADANO FALLECIDO EN LOS ULTIMOS DOS ANOS (CUIDADO CON LA BIGAMIA).


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PROBANDO EL CASO DE VAWA

  • MATRIMONIO CONTRAIDO EN BUENA FE

EVIDENCIAS?


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PROBANDO EL CASO DE VAWA

EVIDENCIAS?

  • PERSONA DE BUEN CARACTER MORAL


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PROBANDO EL CASO DE VAWA

EVIDENCIAS?

  • RESIDIO CON EL ABUSADOR EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS O EN OTRO PAIS


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PROBANDO EL CASO DE VAWA

EVIDENCIAS?

  • SON O HAN SIDO VICTIMAS DEL ABUSO EN EL HOGAR

    • ABUSO FISICO O CRUELDAD EXTREMA


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Conceptos de inmigracion basicos

  • Immigrantes & No immigrantes

  • Immigracion a traves de miembros familiares especificos

  • “No-ciudadanos”

  • Quien es indocumentado?


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EJERCICIO #1

  • Ana viene a hacer una consulta sobre una orden de proteccion. Cuando le preguntas sobre su estatus de inmigracion, Ana te explica que ella es una residente. Cuando ves su tarjeta de residente las letras CR1 aparecen en el frente.

    • Necesita Ana ayuda de inmigracion?


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Lo que el Congreso ha logrado

  • Acceso a beneficios publicos

  • Acceso a servicios legales

  • Acceso a servicios para personas que no hablan Ingles con fluidez (LEP)

  • Vias especiales para conseguir estatus de inmigracion


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Opciones especiales

  • Estatus especial de inmigracion para juveniles

  • Perdon de la residencia condicional

  • Peticion propia & Cancelacion

  • Visas U & T

  • Peticion propia para padres de ciudadanos estadounidenses abusivos


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INTAKE/ FICHA DE ADMISION

RERFERENCIA A MATERIALES


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BARRERAS MAS COMUNES DE INADMISIBILIDAD

  • Presencia ilegal

  • Enfermedades contagiosas

  • Fraude de documentacion

  • Entrada ilegal

  • Deportaciones previas

  • Crimenes


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