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Lord of the Flies. Objectives. Read and understand the text Increase vocabulary Learn and discuss: Tabula Rasa, Original Sin, Nature vs. Nurture, Id, Ego, and Superego, symbolism, allegory, leadership and followership, and why are there only boys on the island? What if girls ran the world?.

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Objectives
Objectives

  • Read and understand the text

  • Increase vocabulary

  • Learn and discuss: Tabula Rasa, Original Sin, Nature vs. Nurture, Id, Ego, and Superego, symbolism, allegory, leadership and followership, and why are there only boys on the island? What if girls ran the world?


Culminating projects
Culminating Projects

  • Essay on one theme from the novel

  • Mock trial for island deaths

  • Video interviews of the survivors upon their return

  • Socratic seminar: If Girls Ruled the World

  • Create a replica of the island

  • Create symbol masks for the characters


Your responsibilities
Your responsibilities

  • Read every night

  • Define vocabulary

  • Answer chapter questions, use sticky notes, or journal

  • Ask questions related to the novel


Essential questions what we are trying to answer as we read
Essential QuestionsWhat we are trying to answer as we read?

  • “All men would be tyrants if they could.”

  • What would life be like without any adults?

  • Are leaders born or made? What are a leader’s ideal characteristics?

  • Do we corrupt our society or does society corrupt us?

  • Are boys and girls different in regards to power?

  • Should children be held responsible for their actions?


Original sin
Original Sin

  • Original sin is said to result from the Fall of Man, when Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit of a particular tree in the Garden of Eden.


Original sin cont
Original Sin cont

  • This first sin ("the original sin", as distinct from "original sin"), an action of the first humans, is traditionally understood to be the cause of "original sin", the fallen state from which humans can be saved only by God's grace.


The island why an island
The IslandWhy an island?


Tabula rasa
Tabula Rasa

  • We are born as a “blank slate.” All behavior and understanding is acquired through exposure to society. In other words, we are “nurtured” to our present state.


Nature vs nurture
Nature vs. Nurture

  • The nature versus nurture debates concern the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities (nature), versus personal experiences (nurture) in determining or causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits.


Ralph

Jack

LeadershipWhat makes a good leader?Why does Ralph respond so strongly to the officer’s question at the end of the book?


Followership
Followership

  • What about all the boys that rush to join Jack’s tribe?

  • The difficulty Ralph faces to get anything done—even keeping the signal fire going—is given a lot of attention from Golding.

  • Why do they follow Jack?


Allegory and symbolism
Allegory and Symbolism

  • Allegory= a literary device where the characters and events represent or symbolize ideas or concepts.

  • Most of the characters, actions and objects in the novel symbolize larger ideas


Symbolism

Ralph

Piggy

Jack

Simon

Littluns

Roger

Piggy’s Death and destruction of the conch

Conch Shell

Piggy’s glasses

Dead Airman

Signal Fire

Beastie

Lord of the Flies

The Island

The Officer

Symbolism


Dr freud and lotf
Dr. Freud and LotF

  • Golding’s novel deals with the conflict between the rational mind and primal instinct.

  • The id, ego, and the superego are all parts of the mind. Each governs our thinking—both rational and irrational.



  • Id= our instinctual self; the unorganized part of the personality structure that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives. This is our passion portion of the brain

  • Ego= the organized, realistic part; the ego separates out what is real. It helps us to organize our thoughts and make sense of them and the world around us. It is our judgment, reasoning, critical thinking, etc

  • Superego= the critical and moralizing role--it is the parent; the super-ego works in contradiction to the id. The super-ego strives to act in a socially appropriate manner, whereas the id just wants instant self-gratification. The super-ego controls our sense of right and wrong and guilt. It helps us fit into society by getting us to act in socially acceptable ways.


Freud and the iceberg
Freud and the Iceberg personality structure that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives. This is our passion portion of the brain


Iceberg analogy
Iceberg Analogy personality structure that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives. This is our passion portion of the brain

  • Used to illustrate Freud's structure of the human mind. The mind is likened to an iceberg, only the tip of an iceberg, or the mind, is visible. This is our conscious, or awareness.

  • Just under the water line is our preconscious or dream state.

  • The vast bulk of the iceberg or mind is hidden from view. We are unaware of it. This is our unconscious. Our unconscious contains our instincts, passions and fears. It is where long-forgotten memories of personality-forming experiences are held.

  • Often parts of an iceberg break off and float to the surface. Likewise Freud thought bits of our unconscious could break off, and float to the surface of our conscious awareness in terms of neuroses.


Why boys
Why boys? personality structure that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives. This is our passion portion of the brain

  • Why 6-12 year old boys?

  • Why not boys and girls?

  • What about just girls?

  • What if girls ran the world?


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