When Your Body Hurts… Fears, Myths & the Truth about Pain Agenda What is pain How many people have it What causes it Barriers to effective treatment Assessing & treating pain Consequences of unrelieved pain Where to get more information What Is Pain?
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When Your Body Hurts…
Fears, Myths & the Truth about Pain
What Is Pain?
“Pain is what the person says it is and exists whenever he or she says it does.”
-Margo McCaffery, RN, MS, FAAN
“…an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage.”
In other words, pain is any sensation that hurts.
How Many People Have Pain?
“…within the past year three in every four Americans surveyed (76%) either personally have experienced chronic or recurrent pain themselves or have a close family member or friend who has suffered from chronic pain.”
Pain in Vulnerable Populations
“Whatever affects one directly, affects us all indirectly.”
-Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Barriers to Effective Treatment
“Human health does not depend only on treatment by physicians. Social & political circumstances profoundly influence the health & well-being of all people.”
-American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ethics Charter, 2003
Myths and Fears
Associated with Pain
In Search of Treatment
“Reflection on the meaning of pain and the meaning of nursing's responsibility to respond to pain is a challenging endeavor.”
-Betty J. Ferrell, PhD, FAAN
Visual Analog Scale
Numeric Rating Scale
Methods for Managing Pain
“In the depth of winter, I finally learned that there was within me an invincible summer.”
Medicines to Control Pain
Long & Short Acting Medicines
Concerns about Safety
Complementary Therapies for Managing Pain
Need Professional Help to Learn or Do
Practice on Your Own
Consequences of Unrelieved Pain
“Pain is a more terrible lord of mankind than even death itself.”
-Albert Schweitzer, MD
Cleeland, C.S. (1989). Measurement of pain by subjective report. In: Chapman CR, Loeser JD, editors. Issues in Pain Measurement. Advances in Pain Research and Therapy, 12, 391-403. New York: Raven Press.
Alliance of State Pain Initiatives
American Cancer Society
Toll free: (800) ACS-2345
American Pain Foundation
Toll free: (888) 615-PAIN (7246)
Texas Cancer Info
Texas Pain Advocacy & Information Network
Texas Partnership for End-of-Life Care
Texas Pain Society