What Teachers Need to Know About Language

What Teachers Need to Know About Language PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What Teachers Need to Know About Language

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1. What Teachers Need to Know About Language Fillmore & Snow (2000) ERIC ED308705

2. Teacher as … Communicator Educator Evaluator Educated Human Being Agent of Socialization

3. Oral Language 1. What are the basic units of language? 2. What is regular and what isn’t? 3. How is the lexicon acquired and structured? 4. Are vernacular dialects different from “bad English” and if so, how? 5. What is academic English? 6. Why has the acquisition of English by non-English-speaking children not been more universally successful?

4. Written Language 7. Why is English spelling so complicated? 8. Why do students have trouble with structuring narrative and expository writing? 9. How should one judge the quality and correctness of a piece of writing? 10. What makes a sentence or a text easy or difficult to understand?

5. Oral Language Development

6. What are the basic units of language?

7. 2. What is regular and what isn’t?

8. 3. How is the lexicon acquired and structured?

9. 4. Are vernacular dialects different from “bad English” and if so, how?

10. 5. What is academic English?

11. 6. Why has the acquisition of English by non-English-speaking children not been more universally successful?

12. Written Language Development

13. 7. Why is English spelling so complicated? Variation – “blood is good food” No “Language Academy” prescriptive Deep orthography – complex spellings, irregular words Etymological Ph = /f/ Y = /ai/

14. 8. Why do students have trouble with structuring narrative and expository writing? NARRATIVE: Mimic, learned, discourse strategy (sequence) Latino – emphasizes personal relationship more than plot Japanese – terse, not recounting all events AAVE – end of the story is often the beginning Expository: forming, arguing, precise, present facts

15. 9. How should one judge the quality and correctness of a piece of writing? We as educators lack grounding in grammar Teach students to polish Understand structure Discuss structure Explicitly teach how to write effectively

16. 10. What makes a sentence or a text easy or difficult to understand? Simple text – bullets More coherent texts flow Relevant Coherence Naturalness Grace Informativeness

17. What Teachers Need to Know About Language Fillmore & Snow (2000) ERIC ED308705

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