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Ontario Soccer Association Welcome! Futsal Referee Refresher Clinic Fall 2008 Instructor : Bob Tibbo Referee Development Program FAIR PLAY please! Clinic Outline Introductions What’s New? Law 5 – The Referee & Second Referee Law 6 – Time Keeper & 3 rd Referee Law 1 – The Pitch

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Ontario Soccer Association

Welcome!

Futsal Referee Refresher Clinic

Fall 2008

Instructor : Bob Tibbo



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FAIR PLAY

please!


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Clinic Outline

  • Introductions

  • What’s New?

  • Law 5 – The Referee & Second Referee

  • Law 6 – Time Keeper & 3rd Referee

  • Law 1 – The Pitch

  • Law 2 – The Ball

  • Law 3 – Number of Players

  • Law 4 – Players’ Equipment

  • Law 7 – Duration of the Match

  • Law 9 – Ball in and Out of Play

  • Law 10 – The Method of Scoring


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Clinic Outline

  • Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play

  • Law 15 – The Kick-In

  • Law 16 – The Goal Clearance

  • Law 17 – The Corner Kick

  • Law 12 – Free Kicks

  • Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct

  • Law 14 – The Penalty Kick

  • Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls

  • Referee Signals and Positioning

  • Referee Game Management


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What’s New?

  • Law 5 (The Referee) and Law 6 (The Second Referee) merged into one – Law 5 “The Referee and Second Referee”

  • Numbering changed for Laws 6 through 17

  • Minor issues concerning the technical area, uniforms (no political, religious or personal statements), duties of the timekeeper, clarification of “pass-back” wording

  • Law 7 – The Duration of the Match – the duration of either half shall be prolonged to enable a penalty kick to be taken . . .

  • Law 11 – Offences now “7 + 4” – add “Tackling” to first group

  • Law 11 – clarification of Cautions / Dismissals for substitutes, when to issue Caution for hand ball


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee

Being a top-quality Referee is not easy:

  • Fairness, honesty, motivation, courage, confidence, strength, stamina, perseverance

    Refereeing is a difficult job :

  • Physical strength / stamina

  • Solid focus on the game and the players

  • Ability to react and make decisions quickly

  • Strong desire for fair play / justice

  • Strength to withstand criticism

  • Courage to stand by your decisions, convictions


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee

Referee’s Responsibility:

  • SAFETY of participants

  • ENJOYMENT of participants

  • EQUALITY of opportunity


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Powers :

Penalize infractions of the Laws

Decide not to penalize a player when by doing so it would give an advantage to the offending team

Caution or dismiss players or substitutes

Temporarily suspend play or terminate the game

Decide how much time to add at the end of a half of play.

Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee


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Duties :

Enforce the Laws

Act as Timekeeper

Control the match in co-operation with other match officials

Keep a record of the match

Signal the start and any restarts

Keep a high level of fitness

Ensure the ball complies

Ensure players’ equipment complies

Ensure seriously injured player (e.g. bleeding) receives attention

Punish more serious of simultaneous offences

Ensure no unauthorized person enters the pitch

Report in writing

Keep abreast of any Law changes or directives

Comply with the Code of Ethics for Game Officials

Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee


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Code of Ethics

The Canadian Soccer Association is aware of its responsibilities toward its referees and, having granted certain privileges to referees, it is obliged to ensure such individuals realize and respect their responsibilities and duties.

  • Specifically, a Canadian referee shall:

  • Conduct himself/herself with dignity on and off the field of play at all times and shall, by personal example, endeavour to inspire the true principles of fair play and to earn the respect of those whom he/she serves.

  • Not cause The Canadian Soccer Association to become involved in any controversial matters and shall abide by the rules and regulations of the jurisdiction in which he/she officiates.

  • Adhere to all national standards and directives.

  • Always be neat in appearance and maintain a high level of physical and mental fitness.

  • Study the Laws of the Game and be aware of all changes, and shall enforce all said laws and changes.

  • Perform his/her designated responsibilities, including attending organized clinics and lectures, etc., and shall assist his/her fellow referees to upgrade and raise their standard of officiating.

  • Honour any appointments made for and accepted by him/her unless unable to do so by virtue of illness or personal emergency.

  • Not publicly criticize other referees or any soccer association.

  • Not make any public statement to the media (newspaper, TV, radio, etc.,) relating to any game officiated by him/her or regarding the quality of the match or the performance of the teams and their players.

  • Follow the correct lines of communication to the CSA Referee Committee which shall be through the Provincial/Territorial Soccer Association where he/she is registered. A Canadian referee shall be subject to disciplinary action should he/she not comply with this Code of Ethics.


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Law 5 – The Referee

Duties

  • Instruct the 2nd Referee

  • Accept responsibility for all decisions

  • In any case of a disagreement between the two referees, the referee’s decision prevails.

  • If necessary, dispense with the services of the 2nd referee and report the facts in the game report.



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Law 6 – The Timekeeper and the Third Referee

Duties :

  • A timekeeper and a third referee are appointed.

  • They are seated outside the pitch at the halfway line on the same side as the substitution zone.

  • The timekeeper and the third referee are equipped with a suitable clock (chronometer) and necessary equipment to indicate accumulated fouls, to be supplied by the association or club on whose pitch the match is being played.


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Law 6 – The Third Referee

Duties of the Third Referee :

  • monitor the replacement of balls at the request of the referees

  • if necessary, check the substitutes’ equipment before they enter the pitch

  • signal to the referees when an obvious error has been made in cautioning or sending off a player or if an act of violence has been committed out of their range of vision. In any case, the referee shall decide on any facts connected with play

  • monitor the conduct of those persons seated on the team benches and inform the referees of any inappropriate behavior

  • provide any other information relevant to the game

    In case of injury, the Third Referee may replace either the

    Referee or the Second Referee


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Law 1 – The Pitch


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Law 1 – The Pitch

  • Length

    • Minimum 25 m

    • Maximum 42 m

  • Width

    • Minimum 15 m

    • Maximum 25 m

  • The lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries

  • Penalty Area, Penalty Mark – 6m

  • Second Penalty Mark – 10m

  • Substitution Zone – at teams’ benches

    Note: Confusion? Confirm lines to be used with the Players!


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Law 2 – The Ball


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Law 2 – The Ball

  • Spherical

  • Leather or other suitable material

  • Circumference = 62 – 64 cm

  • Mass = 400 – 440 grams

  • Pressure = 0.4 – 0.6 atm 6 – 9 lbs

    Note: Does not bounce well!

    Bounce = 50 – 65 cm, dropped 2m


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Law 3 – Number Of Players


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Law 3 – The Number of Players

  • Minimum 3, maximum 5 players, including the keeper (minimum 5 to start)

  • Maximum 7 substitutes

  • Unlimited substitutions

  • Substitutions when ball is in or out of play!

  • Sub only in your own substitution zone

    • In front of your team’s bench!

  • Player out before sub comes in


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Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment


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Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment

  • Basic compulsory equipment consists of :

  • a jersey or shirt

  • Shorts (keeper maywear long pants)

  • socks

  • shin guards (coveredentirely by the socks)

  • footwear – “training orgymnastic shoes withsoles of rubber or similarmaterial…”


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.

Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment

A player must not wear or use anything which is dangerous to himself or another player.

NO JEWELRY IS ALLOWED !!!

Earrings & Noserings

Chain & Pendant

Wrist watch

Ring

Boots with spikes


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Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment

The word “dangerous” can at times be ambiguous and controversial, but in the interest of uniformity and consistency, players, substitutes and match officials may not wear any type of jewellery or adornment.

  • NO JEWELRY !!!

  • Includes

    REFEREES



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Two periods of 20 minutes each – “stop time”

Check local league – period durations, “stop” vs. “running” time

Duration shall be prolonged for a penalty kick or direct free kick resulting in 6+ accumulated fouls

“Time-Outs”

One per team per half – no carry-over

One minute duration

Team must possess the ball

Ball out of play

Team Official may request

No additional Time-Out in extra periods(cannot use second-half time out if not used previously)

Law 7 – Duration of the Match




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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play

?

A Ball above the line is still “touching” the outside plane of the line


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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play

When a match is played on an indoor pitch and the ball hits the ceiling, play shall be restarted with a kick-in to the opponents of the team that last touched the ball. The kick-in shall be taken from the point on the touch line nearest to the place on the ground above which the ball hit the ceiling.

?



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Law 10 – The Method of Scoring

Unless otherwise provided for by these Laws,

A goal is scored when the whole of the ball :

  • passes over the goal line

  • between the goal posts

  • under the crossbar

  • unless it has been thrown, carried or intentionally propelled by the hand or arm by a player of the attacking team, the goalkeeper included.


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Law 10 – The Method of Scoring

When the WHOLE of the BALL has passed over the goal-line, between the goal-posts and under the cross bar.



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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play

Referee Thought Process :

  • Why have you stopped the game?

  • What action will you take?

    • Verbal warning?

    • Caution?

    • Dismissal?

  • How will you restart the game?


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Law 9 – Start and Restart of Play

What are the Starts and Restarts?

Kick-Off

Kick-In

Goal Clearance

Corner-Kick

Drop-Ball

Direct Free-Kick

Indirect Free-Kick

Penalty-Kick



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Law 15 – The Kick-In Correct ball positioning

OK

OK

OK

NO

The ball must be stationary on the touch line

(The ball is already inside the pitch!)



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Law 16 – The Goal Clearance

  • must be taken within four (4) seconds of possession

  • the ball is thrown from any point within the penalty area by the goalkeeper of the defending team

  • opponents remain outside the penalty area until the ball is in play

  • the ball is in play when it is thrown directly beyond the penalty area

    • if not, then the goal clearance is retaken

  • the goalkeeper does not play the ball a second time until it has touched an opposing player or has crossed the center line

    • if not, then an IFK is awarded to the opposing team

  • a goal cannot be scored directly



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Law 17 – The Corner Kick

  • the ball is placed precisely at the nearest corner on the lines

  • opponents remain at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play

  • the ball is kicked by a player of the attacking team

  • the ball is in play when it is kicked or touched

  • the kicker does not play the ball a second time until it has touched a another player

  • a goal may be scored directly from a corner kick, but only against the opposing team


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Free Kicks are either Direct or Indirect

For both Direct and Indirect Free Kicks, the ball must be stationary when the kick is taken, and the kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player.

The kicker must wait for a signal from the referee or 2nd referee, after which they have four seconds to put the ball into play.

Law 12 – Free Kicks



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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct 11 Penal Offences(Direct Free Kick / Penalty Kick)

  • Kicks or attempts to

  • Trips or attempts to

  • Strikes or attempts to

  • Jumps at

  • Charges

  • Pushes

  • Tackles (contact before ball)

  • Holds

  • Slide tackles

  • Spits at

  • Handles the ball deliberately (except goalkeeper within his own penalty area)

O

p

p

o

n

e

n

t

Careless,

Reckless,

Excessive

Force


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Direct Free Kick

Throwing a ball or other object is classed as striking.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Direct Free Kick

  • A Direct Free Kick is also awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following four (4) infringements:

  • holding an opponent

  • spitting at an opponent

  • sliding in an attempt to play the ball while an opponent is playing or is about to play it (sliding tackle), except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area and provided that he does not endanger the safety of an opponent

  • carrying, striking, or throwing the ball with one’s hands or arms, except for the goalkeeper within his own penalty area


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Direct Free Kick

Slide tackles an opponent. (Knees make contact with the floor) No play allowed when down on floor.

Only the goal keeper is allowed to slide tackle


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Direct Free Kick

A direct free kick is taken from the place where the infringement occurred.

The above-mentioned fouls (7 + 4 = 11) are Accumulated Fouls.


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Indirect Free Kick

Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct InDirect Free Kick


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct InDirect Free Kick

An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a Goalkeeper commits one of the following offences :


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct InDirect Free Kick

  • If, after releasing the ball from his possession, (hands or feet) he touches it again with his hands before it has been played or touched by an opponent.

  • If, after the ball has been deliberately kicked to the goalkeeper by a team-mate, the goal keeper touches or controls the ball with his/her hands.

  • If, after the ball has been deliberately kicked to the goalkeeper by a team-mate from a kick-in, the Goal keeper touches or controls the ball with his/her hands.

  • Goalkeeper touches or controls the ball with the hands or feet in his own half for more than four seconds, or, in the opinion of the referee, is intentionally wasting time


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct InDirect Free Kick

An indirect free kick is also awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred, if, in the opinion of the referee, A Player :


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct InDirect Free Kick

  • Plays in a dangerous manner

  • deliberately impedes the progress of an opponent when the ball is not being played

  • prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands

  • commits any other offence, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player



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Law 14 – The Penalty Kick

The ball is placed on the Penalty mark

  • 6m from the goal line, centered

    The defending goalkeeper remains on the goal line, facing the kicker, between the goalposts, until the ball has been kicked

    The players, other than the kicker, are located :

  • inside the pitch

  • outside the penalty area

  • behind or to the side of the of the penalty mark

  • at least 5 m from the penalty mark


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Law 14 – The Penalty Kick Infringements / Sanctions


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct

Cautionable

Offences


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Cautionable Offences

A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following offences :

is guilty of unsporting behavior

shows dissent by word or action

persistently infringes the Laws of the Game

delays the restart of play

fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, kick-in, free kick or goal clearance

enters or re-enters the pitch without the referee's permission or infringes the substitution procedure

deliberately leaves the pitch without the referee's permission


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Cautionable Offences

Showing Dissent

Different forms of dissent must be recognized and dealt with.

Types of Dissent:

  • Directly verbal

  • Indirect comments

  • Gestures

  • Ball antics

    Dealing with Dissent:

    Law 11 states that a player shall be cautioned


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Cautionable Offences

“Premeditated” Handball

FIFA has changed Law 11 to indicate that a Referee shall caution a player if s/he :

  • deliberately and blatantly handles the ball to prevent an opponent gaining possession

  • attempts to score a goal by deliberately handling the ball

  • pretends to be playing the ball with one part of his body when he is really doing so with his hands in order to deceive the referees

  • tries to prevent a goal or deny a goalscoring opportunity with his hand when the goalkeeper is not inside his penalty area, and fails in his attempt


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct

Sending-Off

Offences


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Sending-Off Offences

A player is sent off and shown the red card if he commits any of the following offences :

is guilty of serious foul play

is guilty of violent conduct

spits on an opponent or any other person

denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does no apply to a goalkeeper within his own penalty area)

denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player's goal by an offence punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick

uses offensive, insulting, or abusive language and/or gestures

receives a second caution in the same match.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Sending-Off Offences

Foul Language :

  • Causing Disgust

  • Foul Mouthed

  • Disgusting or Obscene


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Sending-Off Offences

Abusive Language :

  • To Attack Verbally

  • Criticizing Harshly

  • Insulting

  • Racial Slurs


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Sending-Off Offences

A player who has been sent off may not re-enter the game in course, nor may he sit on the substitutes' bench. A substitute player may enter the pitch two complete minutes after a team-mate has been sent off, unless a goal is scored before the two minutes have elapsed, and provided he has the authorization of the timekeeper. In this case the following applies:


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Sending-Off Offences

  • if there are 5 players against 4 and the team with the larger number scores a goal, the team with only 4 players may be completed by a fifth player

  • if both teams are playing with 4 players and a goal is scored, both teams remain with the same number of players

  • if there are 5 players playing against 3, or 4 against 3 and the team with the larger number scores a goal, the team with 3 players may be increased by one more player only

  • if both teams are playing with 3 players and a goal is scored, both teams remain with the same number of players

  • if the team scoring the goal is the one with fewer players, the game continues without changing the number of players


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls

Accumulated Fouls are those punishable by a Direct Free Kick or Penalty Kick

There are 11 Penal Offences

(7 + 4 = 11)


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls

  • if the game goes into extra time, all the fouls that have accrued from the second half of the game continue to accumulate into extra time


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls Summary

  • Penal offences (Direct free kick fouls) only

  • First five (5) by each team in each half are recorded – regluar Direct Free Kick is taken

  • Beginning with the sixth (6th) foul :

    • No wall

    • Identify player to take kick

    • Keeper in penalty area and 5m from ball

    • Other players behind ball, 5m from ball

    • Must attempt to score

    • Must then touch keeper or goalpost/crossbar

    • No further away than 10m spot, no closer than 6m spot



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Referee Positioning

Refereeing Requires:

  • Fitness

  • Alertness

  • Concentration

  • “Reading” the game

  • Constant communication


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Referee Positioning

Effective positioning offers a chance of:

  • Seeing

  • Selling

  • Preventing


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Referee Positioning/Communication

General Principles:

  • Diagonal System – Ball always between the 2 Referees

    • Keep play between Referees

    • Referees – look at each other – Constant Communication!

    • Overlap (when possible) on FK, corners

  • Two signals for every “call” – Both Referees

    • “Mirror” the other Referee!

  • Count 4 seconds – your half, hand signal with/without voice

  • Both Referees – arm ALWAYS up for Indirect Free Kick

  • On goal / foul / caution / dismissal

    • Report to TimeKeeper, clear voice and hand signals






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Referee Game Management

During the Game :

  • Use man-management skills to control game “temperature”

    • Use Yellow / Red cards when appropriate

  • Watch for “Off Ball” incidents

    • Deal with these swiftly and decisively – will impact game control

  • If a serious incident develops, do not interfere

    • Take notes, record player numbers

    • A calm and courteous attitude will help diffuse a “HOT” situation


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Referee Game Management

During the Game :

  • Never lose your temper! Always stay calm.

    • Your “temperature” will have an effect on players

  • Never get in arguments with players, team officials or spectators.

  • Never threaten anyone (with cards, suspensions or what might happen to them)

  • Never touch, bump or physically threaten anyone - especially players.

  • Use positive suggestions to control “hot” behavior

    • e.g. “You are a good player, #15, your team needs you on the pitch!”

  • Body language can offend!

    • Don’t let your actions or attitude inflame the situation


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Referee Game Management

During the Game :

  • Show respect to players, team officials, spectators

    • This is the best way to encourage them to show you respect

  • Be patient and even-tempered while making decisions

  • Do not try to “Ram” your authority into people’s faces

  • Be diplomatic – there is often a way to convince someone to comply with your decision while “saving face”

  • Be firm – do not allow anyone to talk you out of your decision


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Referee Game Management Youth Futsal

During Youth Futsal Games :

  • Your job is also to educate the young players

    • Often their parents and coaches too!

  • Explain your calls when it seems appropriate

  • Explain what behavior is allowed, and what is not allowed


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Referee Game Management

If a player is injured during the Game :

  • Stop play immediately, and stop time.

  • Decide if the injury is serious

  • Do not touch the injured player or allow anyone, other than the coach or trainer to touch him. There may be serious injury that could be made worse if he is moved, and if this happens, you could be held liable.

  • Signal for the coach or trainer to come aid the player

    • Use common sense – e.g. if a coach is already running onto the pitch, signal him in as if he were still on the sideline.

  • Remember that a player who is bleeding must leave the field of play and cannot return until you are satisfied that the bleeding has stopped and the wound has been covered.


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Referee Game Management

If a player is injured during the Game :

  • If it is necessary to call an ambulance, make sure that the injured player is kept warm and as comfortable as possible until professional help arrives.

  • Don’t worry about the game being delayed. The player’s safety is your first concern.

  • Restart the game time when you restart the game.


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Referee Game Management

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Appeals against a referee’s decisions

  • Abuse directed towards a referee

  • Telling a referee such pearls of wisdom as :

    • “Open your eyes, Ref, you’re missing a great game!”

    • “There are two teams on the field, Ref!”


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Referee Game Management

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Constant appeals for decisions by the referee in favour of his team

  • Yelling at Referees

  • Yelling abuse at opposing players

  • Constantly questioning a Referee’s decisions

  • Coach instructing his player to attack or injure opponents

    • Deal with this swiftly and decisively – eject the coach while clearly explaining that this is not acceptable!


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Referee Game Management

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Coach moving up and down the touch line (outside the technical area) yelling instructions to his players.

  • Coach impeding a Referee by standing on the touch line and preventing him from seeing the play

  • Coach impeding a Referee by standing on the touch line and preventing him from moving along the touch line.


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Referee Game Management

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Coach allowing a substitute onto the pitch before the player being replaced has left the pitch.

  • Coach allowing or encouraging other team officials and/or substitutes on the team bench to heckle or abuse the Referee

  • Coach loses his temper – demonstrates this by word or action that brings the game into disrepute.

  • When a coach or Assistant Coach is warned or asked to leave the game by the Referee, defies the authority and may cause the game to be abandoned.


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Referee Game Management

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Coach allowing other people than those listed on the team sheet to sit on the bench or be in the bench area (technical area).

  • Coach fails to understand the International Board’s directive on coaches and those on team benches, i.e., “The coach and other occupants of the technical area must at all times, conduct themselves in a responsible manner.”



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