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Fruit & pods Okra Ground berries Tomatilla, strawberry tomato, cape gooseberry. Roots & stems Kohlrabi Celeriac Fennel. Unique Vegetables. What makes a vegetable unique?. Not widely grown by gardeners Why? Part of a specific cuisine Okra – _________ cuisine Fennel – Italian cuisine

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Unique vegetables l.jpg

Fruit & pods

Okra

Ground berries

Tomatilla, strawberry tomato, cape gooseberry

Roots & stems

Kohlrabi

Celeriac

Fennel

Unique Vegetables


What makes a vegetable unique l.jpg
What makes a vegetable unique?

  • Not widely grown by gardeners

  • Why?

    • Part of a specific cuisine

      • Okra – _________ cuisine

      • Fennel – Italian cuisine

      • ____________ – Mexican cuisine

    • Difficult to grow

      • Okra – ____________ seed & hot temperatures

      • Celeriac – even soil moisture

    • Unusual or acquired taste

      • Strawberry ___________

      • __________ ___________


Okra abelmoschus esculentus l.jpg
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)

  • Originated near present day __________

    • Okra means “lady’s fingers” in Igbo

    • Introduced into New World directly from _______

  • Same botanical family as ______ and _______

  • Seed must be ________ overnight before planting and seed do not germinate well in cool soils


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Okra

  • Okra is among the most _______- and _______-tolerant vegetable

  • Harvest pods when very young before they get ________

    • Pods grow very rapidly so requires frequent harvesting


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Okra

  • Uses

    • Stir-fried in Japanese cuisine

    • Thickening agent in ______, chilli, and soups

      • ____________ properties

    • ________ and deep fried

    • Pickled


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Ground cherry or husk tomato (Physalis)

  • Origin in ______________

    • Ancient Native Americas preferred Physalis species more than tomatoes

  • Are in a genus related to tomato

    • They product abundant small fruit that are surrounded by a ________ covering like a gift

  • _________ season vegetables

  • Examples

    • Tomatillo, strawberry tomato, Cape gooseberry


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Tomatillo (Physalis ixocarpa)

  • Are native to ________

    • Very popular ingredient in ________ foods, especially in the form of sauces

    • Salsa ________ (green sauce)

  • Growing practices similar to tomato

    • Transplanted

  • Seed only lasts __ years


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Tomatillo

  • Harvested when full size, has a firm consistency, and apex of _____ begins to break

  • Preparation

    • Raw in salsa

    • ________ for sauces

      • _________ enhances flavor and softens skin

      • _________ can cause soupy consistency because fruit collapses

Young tomatillo

Mature tomatillo

Salsa verde


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Strawberry tomato (Physalis pubescens)

  • Is the _______ form that is not widely grown

  • _________ germinates and grows

  • Around July the fruit will begin to drop to the ground and should be gathered

  • When ripe has a ______ flavor similar to that of a strawberry or tomato/pineapple


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Strawberry tomato

  • Will _________ to ripen after harvest

    • Fully mature fruit are soft and sweet

  • Can be stored in the refrigerator for several months

  • Uses

    • Salad

    • Desserts

      • Dipped in ________

    • Flavoring

    • Jellies and jams


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Cape GooseberryPhysalis peruviana

  • Has superior fruit compared to strawberry tomato

  • Native to _______ and _______ and more commonly grown in warmer climates

  • Does not tolerate ______ or wet soils

  • Grown from seed


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Cape Gooseberry

  • Harvesting

    • Fruit takes ___ to ___ days to mature

    • Can ____ plant and gather fallen fruit

    • A plant can produce 300 fruit

    • Are ________ before using or storing

  • Uses

    • Canned, jam, sauces, pies, puddings,chutneys, & fresh


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Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes)

  • Originated in northern ______ in 15th century

  • Flavor similar to ______ but milder & sweeter

  • Same species as ________


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Kohlrabi

  • Cool season vegetable but tolerates _____ better than most others in cabbage family

  • Stem remains short and swells forming an edible _______

  • _______ – two colors

    • White or pale green

    • Purple – only skin, interior flesh is white


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Kohlrabi

  • What is a _______?


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Kohlrabi

  • A solid, fleshy storage structure formed by enlargement of the ______ base

  • Fast growing

    • Matures in 40 to 70 days

  • Harvesting

    • Best harvested when young up to the size of a _________ _________

      • Avoid large kohlrabi because of coarse flavor

    • Peeled before cooking because of most of fibers are in the ___________ skin


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Kohlrabi Uses

  • Peel, slice, and eat raw like a radish

  • Kohlrabi slaw

  • Core the kohlrabi and stuff

  • Stir fried kohlrabi

  • Kohlrabi soup


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Celeriac (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum)

  • Is enlarged, crown-level _________

    • Used when 10-12 cm diameter

  • Also called celery root or turnip-rooted celery

  • _______ season crop

    • Requires abundant soil _________ for seed germination & growth

    • Difficult to supply in a garden


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Celeriac

  • Best to ________ before use because _______ _______ is tough and stringy

  • Has a celery-like flavor

  • Uses

    • Flavoring in soups and stews

    • Mashed

    • Casseroles and baked dishes


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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

  • Also called finocchio or Florence fennel

  • Native to southern ______ and southwest _________

    • Used by ancient Romans for medicinal properties

  • Has inflated leaf ______ which form a ____ that is eaten as a vegetable

  • Has mild anise (______)-like flavor

    • Caused by anethole


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Fennel

  • Perennial plant in the ________ family

  • Has a tendency to ______ which causes bulb to split & formation of side ________

  • Started from seed and encouraged to grow rapidly

  • Takes ___ to ___ months to produce swollen leaf bases


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Fennel

  • Fennel does not do well in ________ soils

    • How improve soil?

  • High quality bulbs should be:

    • ______, white, _____, whole

    • Minimum diameter 5 cm


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Fennel

  • Uses

    • Fresh in salads balancing sweetness with sharpness of onion

    • Fish with fennel

    • Braised fennel

    • Fennel with chicken or meat balls


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