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Title I Fiscal Responsibilities. Are You Fiscally Compliant?. Presented by: New Jersey Department of Education Office of Student Achievement and Accountability. What is Needed to be in Compliance & Where to Find It. No Child Left Behind www.ed.gov/legislation/ESEA02/index.html

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title i fiscal responsibilities

Title I Fiscal Responsibilities

Are You Fiscally Compliant?

Presented by:

New Jersey Department of Education

Office of Student Achievement and Accountability

what is needed to be in compliance where to find it
What is Needed to be in Compliance & Where to Find It
  • No Child Left Behind

www.ed.gov/legislation/ESEA02/index.html

  • OMB Circular A-87, Attachment B

www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/a087/a087_2004.pdf

  • EDGAR

http://www.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/edgarReg/edgar.html

  • Compliance Supplement (A-133)http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_a133_compliance_08_08toc/
  • General Education Provisions Act (GEPA):straylight.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode20/usc_sup_01_20_10_31.html
system requirements for leas edgar 80 20 80 32 80 36
System Requirements for LEAs EDGAR §§ 80.20, 80.32, 80.36
  • Financial Management=80.20
    • 7 Key components
      • Financial Reporting (Ability to Report)
      • Accounting Records
      • Internal Controls
      • Budget Controls
      • Allowable Costs
      • Source Documentation
      • Cash Management
system requirements for leas edgar 80 20 80 32 80 361
System Requirements for LEAs EDGAR §§ 80.20, 80.32, 80.36
  • Equipment=80.32 (more details later)
  • Procurement=80.36
    • Open competition
    • Cost/Price Analysis
    • Vendor Selection
    • Contract Administration
board minutes what should be in my board minutes
Board MinutesWhat should be in my Board minutes?

Resolutions to:

  • Apply for Funds (copy of budget statement)
  • Accept the Fund (Grant Acceptance Certificate)
board minutes continued what should be in my board minutes
Board Minutes (continued)What should be in my Board minutes?
  • Appointment of Teachers
      • Name
      • Salary
      • School
      • Funding Percentage for Each Program
  • Appointment of Secretaries, Aides, Program Directors, etc.
      • Name
      • Salary
      • Work Location
      • Funding Percentage for Each Program
final expenditure reports
Final Expenditure Reports
  • Must be consistent with budget (amendments filed through County Office) – EWEG Monitors
  • CANNOT:
    • Move more than 10% of total funds or $50,000, whichever is less, without State approval (filed through County Office)
    • Add a budget category without State approval (filed through County Office)
    • Carryover more than 15% of total amount received more than once every three years without State approval (Must have good reason)
carryover of funds set asides
Carryover of Funds(Set Asides)

Some Carryover Funds are Restricted to the Original Intent and Purpose of the Funding

**** Accounting Tracking Required ****

  • Parental Involvement
    • If these funds carried over, then can only be spent for original intent and purpose or must be refund to SEA
  • Professional Development (SINI and DINI)
    • If these funds carried over, then can only be spent for original intent and purpose or must be refund to SEA
select expenditures and support needed
Select Expenditures and Support Needed

Fully-funded Salaries

  • Periodic certification signed at least semi-annually
  • Signed by employee and supervisor
select expenditures and support needed1
Select Expenditures and Support Needed

Split-funded Salaries

  • Personnel activity reports
  • Signed by employee and supervisor
  • Must be an after-the-fact distribution of actual activity
  • Prepared at least monthly and must coincide with pay periods
select expenditures and support needed2
Select Expenditures and Support Needed

General Purchases

  • Must have purchase orders
  • Must have account number on P.O.
  • Should indicate Title I purchases
  • Signed by Business Administrator
  • If split P.O., Title I should be easily identifiable

REMEMBER – Money spent in Individual Schools should EQUAL amount in Step 4 of Eligibility

select expenditures and support needed3
Select Expenditures and Support Needed

Equipment

  • Maintain master inventory listing
      • Date, Serial Number, Model, Cost, Location
  • Each school should maintain subsidiary listing
  • All equipment should be labeled with “Title I” or equivalent tracking system
  • Need to keep records for FIVE years past disposition (date needs to be on master list)
  • Even if not equipment for GRANT purposes, if district has a lower threshold, then tracking of equipment is required
select expenditures and support needed4
Select Expenditures and Support Needed

Employee Benefits

  • TPAF/FICA reimbursement applies only to teachers’ contracted salaries, supervisors and program directors
  • TPAF/FICA reimbursement report does not apply to aides, secretaries or clerical, stipends, substitute teachers or summer teachers
  • All other benefits based on actual cost, not budgeted percentages
select expenditures and support needed5
Select Expenditures and Support Needed

Employee Benefits – TPAF/FICA Reimbursement Report

selected items of cost
Selected Items of Cost
  • Special rules for specific expenses
  • Still subject to basic guidelines
  • Examples:
    • Alcohol: Never allowable
    • Salaries and Wages: Allowable if time distribution
    • Meetings and conferences: Allowable if dissemination of technical information
helpful questions to ask when analyzing costs
Helpful Questions to Ask When Analyzing Costs
  • Is the proposed cost consistent with federal cost principles?
  • Is the proposed cost allowable under the relevant program?
  • Is the proposed cost consistent with an approved program plan and budget?
  • Is the proposed cost consistent with program specific fiscal rules?
  • Is the proposed cost consistent with EDGAR?
allowable costs
Allowable Costs

All Costs must be:

  • Necessary
  • Reasonable
  • Allocable
  • Legal under state and local law
allowable costs1
Allowable Costs
  • Must be necessary for the performance or administration of the grant
  • Must follow sound business practices:
    • Arms length bargaining (hint: procurement processes)
    • Follow federal, state and local laws
    • Follow terms of the grant award
non public
NON-PUBLIC
  • Continuous Consultation
  • District should attempt to find students attending non-public schools
    • Aide in Lieu of
    • Other Reasonable Method
non public1
NON-PUBLIC
  • Equitable Amounts for
    • Parent Involvement
    • Professional Development
  • Same Fiscal Rules Apply
    • Only your districts students
    • Students that need extra services
non public2
NON-PUBLIC
  • NO longer just supplies/computer – SERVICES ARE REQUIRED
  • Carryover
    • Funds not Spent in Prior Year (Discretion)
    • Automatic flow of district carryover in EWEG
use of third party providers for non public services
Use of Third Party Providers for Non-Public Services

Third Party Provider Contracts

  • When bid, the specifications should have the Stephens Amendment wording
  • Vendor Complaint Policy
  • Details on who provides parental involvement activities
  • Renting/Ownership of Supplies, Trailers, etc.
  • Breakout of Invoices to Include:
    • Instructional Salaries and Benefits
    • Instructional Supplies
    • Rental of books, supplies, trailers
    • Administrative Charges/Profit
use of third party providers for non public services1
Use of Third Party Providers for Non-Public Services

Administrative Costs of Third Party Providers counts against the District’s Five Percent (5%) Total Administrative Costs

Who pays the Administrative Costs? Off the top allocation of the District of Other Title I Funds (USDOE Non-Regulatory Guidance)

policy statements
Policy Statements

District Policies on:

  • Maintenance of Effort
  • Comparability
  • Supplement vs. Supplant
policy statements1
Policy Statements

Maintenance of Effort

  • Current Expenditures (Not Including Capital Outlay)
    • Less: Community Services
    • Divided by: Average Daily Enrollment
  • Compare to prior year (current year/prior year) and must be at least 90%

*** Must Be Done Annually ***

policy statements2
Policy Statements

Maintenance of Effort Example

policy statements3
Policy Statements

Comparability

  • Compare Like-Kind Schools (Title 1 to Non-Title 1)

or

  • Compare Like-Kind Title 1 Schools to each other

or

  • Compare Like-Kind Grade Span Groupings

(Elementary, Middle or High)

policy statements4
Policy Statements

Comparability

The average number of students per instructional staff for Title I schools does not exceed 110 percent of the average of schools not participating in Title I programs;

or

policy statements5
Policy Statements

Comparability

The average instructional staff salary expenditure per student for Title I schools is at least 90 percent of the average of schools not participating in Title I programs.

policy statements6
Policy Statements

Components

  • Short Form
    • Instructional staff only Full Time Staff Equivalent (FTE) (Para’s only count as ½ FTE for every full FTE)
    • Pupils enrolled
    • Different sheets depending on if ALL schools are funded or if some are funded and some are not
  • Long Form (if required)
    • District-wide salary scale
    • All employees at first range of scale

NEW TIMELINES STARTING 2008-2009 (Due December 4th)

** Required to document compliance every year **

supplement not supplant
Supplement Not Supplant
  • Funds must be “supplemental” to local spending
  • Supplemental Defined:

“In the absence of federal funds, would funds have been spent (prior year funding is one distinguishing factor)”

supplement not supplant1
Supplement Not Supplant
  • If all students/classroom get items, district can’t pay for Title I part out of Title I funds
  • Items purchased should not be used by non-Title I students
  • Presentations/Trips should not benefit non-Title I students
  • Special rules apply to approved and implemented “Schoolwide Programs”
schoolwide programs
Schoolwide Programs
  • MUST have approved plan that addresses all schoolwide issues
  • Time sheets are required (except in a blended resource fund, e.g., Fund 15 for Abbott districts)
schoolwide programs1
Schoolwide Programs
  • Approval on a school by school basis
  • Key questions to be addressed:
    • Do the activities budgeted support the intent of the law? [Federal Register: July 2, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 127)]
    • Are supplemental services provided to the students enrolled in the school?
frequently asked questions
Frequently Asked Questions

Time Sheets and Salaries

Q: Multiple Federal Grants – If someone works on multiple federal grants, must their salary be allocated to all the grants since it is one large federal pot of money?

A: Yes, since each is a separately funded program.

frequently asked questions1
Frequently Asked Questions

Title I Set-Asides: Choice/SES

  • If no Choice than all SES, If no SES, then all Choice, If both minimum 5% for each and 10% district option.
    • May use state or local money to meet this obligation – just be able to verify
    • Must track per pupil expenditures by student
  • New rules for reallocation of unspent SES in current year
    • Must show copies of letters and multiple offerings (at least twice and 30 days registration period each offering)
frequently asked questions2
Frequently Asked Questions

Title I Set-Asides: Teacher and Paraprofessional Qualifications

  • Must set aside not less than 5% unless lesser amount is needed and can be documented that it is not needed.
    • All teachers in Title I schools can benefit, not just Title I.
    • May not use in Non-Title I schools.
    • North Dakota Policy Letter
frequently asked questions3
Frequently Asked Questions

Title I Set-Asides: Parental Involvement

  • Must show that at least 1% was spent on grants over $500,000.
    • Be able to document all parental involvement activities with associated costs
    • 95% must be at the school level and 5%can be at the district level
    • Remember Carryover Restriction and Tracking of Funds
frequently asked questions4
Frequently Asked Questions

Title I Set-Asides: Professional Development

  • Must set-aside 10% if school is identified as in need of improvement.
    • Remember Carryover Restriction and Tracking of Funds
    • If Parental Involvement or Professional Development reserved, then proportional amount for nonpublic (Regulations 200.65(a))
other important fiscal considerations
Other Important Fiscal Considerations
  • Grant Year
    • Start date of grants – some start July 1st and some start September 1st (NCLB)
      • Don’t encumber funds prior to start of Grant
      • Now Grants will entertain requests to encumber funds prior to September 1 (But you must seek permission)
    • Final Amendments due by June 30th for NCLB (Depending on EWEG issues)
  • Summer
    • NCLB runs through August – Separate summer expenditures from current year
  • Carryover
    • Oldest money automatically used first!!!! Make sure your Auditors know so Due to Grantor not in CAFR – started with 2005-2006 Carryover into 2006-2007
other important fiscal considerations1
Other Important Fiscal Considerations

Carryover

  • Oldest money automatically used first!!!!
  • Make sure your Auditors know so Due to Grantor is not in CAFR, Schedule of Federal Expenditures – started with 2005-2006 Carryover into 2006-2007
title i monitoring aa team
Title I Monitoring AA Team
  • Random Sample
  • Other Criteria
    • Size of Grant
    • Office of Fiscal of Accountability & Compliance Follow up
    • Prior year follow up
  • Program Content
  • Fiscal Content
fiscal news from washington
Fiscal News from Washington

New Haven Audit Report from Office of Inspector General

  • Supplanting in a Schoolwide Program

http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oig/auditreports/a02f0005.pdf

fiscal news from washington1
Fiscal News from Washington

William Floyd Audit Report from Office of Inspector General

  • Unsupported Expenses
  • Unsupported Adjusting Journal Entries
  • Supplanting of Textbooks
  • Weak Internal Controls

http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oig/auditreports/a02f0030.pdf

fiscal news from washington2
Fiscal News from Washington

City of Detroit and Parent Involvement Fund

2005

  • Disallowed Charges for Entertainment, Promotional Items and Public Relations
  • Need to be necessary, reasonable, allocable and documented
  • Disallowed items include advertising for an event and live musical entertainment at parent volunteer function

http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oig/auditreports/a05f0018.pdf

fiscal news from washington3
Fiscal News from Washington

City of Detroit

Revisit in 2008

  • Over $131 Million in 2005 and $126 Million in 2006
  • No Time Sheets – Almost $50 Million
  • Teaching non-Title I students – even though most of Detroit is schoolwide some schools are not (no plan submitted) and OIG looked to these schools and found staff being funded that were teaching non-Title I identified students. Detroit argued they could have been schoolwide if they did a plan and the OIG rejected this argument
  • Over $21 M for adjusting entries for employees that were charged to other programs and then charged to Title I
  • Gift cards they could not show got to students
  • $150,000 for martial arts training
fiscal news from washington4
Fiscal News from Washington

St. Louis OIG Audit

  • Lost 125 Computers
  • Serving Ineligible Schools
  • http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oig/areports.html
common audit findings
Common Audit Findings
  • Personnel not listed in board minutes (with Title I percentage) for current year and carryover
  • Lack of time sheets (or signature of employees/supervisors)
  • TPAF/FICA not being properly calculated
common audit findings1
Common Audit Findings
  • Improper payroll distribution (not pro-rated)
  • Purchase orders not indicating Title I (and adjusting entries to reclassify amounts)
common audit findings2
Common Audit Findings
  • Policies not being updated for current law
  • Supplanting on purchases of non-salaried items
  • Not spending at the schools approved in the application
  • Not liquidating within 90 (ninety) days of the end of the grant
conclusion
Conclusion

Remember:

  • “If you take the money, you are responsible for knowing the rules and regulations concerning the grant.”
  • If you need further help contact Anthony Hearn
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