The next generation creeping bentgrass is here
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The Next Generation Creeping Bentgrass is Here. Newer bents vs. existing bents. Short bentgrass development history Varieties have different attributes Overall quality is important Introduce Independence Creeping bentgrass Density and management Trial site ratings and photos

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Newer bents vs. existing bents

  • Short bentgrass development history

    • Varieties have different attributes

    • Overall quality is important

  • Introduce Independence Creeping bentgrass

  • Density and management

  • Trial site ratings and photos

  • Even newer generation on the way

  • Video – new construction with Independence


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Bentgrass Development History

  • Penncross – 1955

    • Superintendents have experience managing it

    • Aggressive, prostrate growth habit

    • Not as dense as newer varieties

    • Not as disease tolerant

    • Not able to withstand Poa encroachment as well

    • More management issues occurred as expectations increased and the height of cut was lowered over the years


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Bentgrass Development History

  • PennLinks - 1986

    • Originally developed primarily for greens

    • More upright growth habit

  • PennEagle – 1978

    • Originally developed primarily for fairways

    • Improvements over Penncross

  • Penn A’s & G’s- early 90’s

    • Much more dense

    • Designed to handle lower height of cut

    • More intense management practices


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Bentgrass Development History

  • Southshore, Crenshaw, Providence,Century, SR 1119, Seaside,etc.

    • All were pretty good varieties when introduced in 80’s –90’s

    • Some were introduced to fit certain niches

  • L-93 – released in mid 90’s

    • Developed at Rutgers University

    • Not as dense as new Penn varieties

    • Good disease resistance

    • Has become more widely accepted

    • Being used on fairways, greens, and tees


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Independence Development History

  • Selected from very large collection of plants from fairways and greens from throughout the species range starting in the early 90’s

  • 1996-2000 – crosses and selections made

  • Summer 2000- 23 plants selected from several breeder blocks, isolated and cross pollinated




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Independence Development History

  • August 2000 - Breeder seed harvested

  • August 2000 – Foundation field planted

  • Jan.- March 2001- Plant breeders rougue foundation field

  • Resulting in another generation of selection


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Independence Development History

  • August 2001 – Foundation field harvested and production acres planted

  • Fall 2001 – Test plots planted at Universities

  • August 2002 – First limited production

  • August 2003 – First full crop available


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Where can Independence be used?

  • Fairways

  • Greens

  • Tees

  • New construction

  • Interseeding existing turf


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Why is Independence so versatile?

  • Medium density allows easier topdressing and management than more dense varieties

  • Upright, aggressive growth habit

  • Medium dark green color blends well with other bents

  • Improved Dollar Spot resistance decreases management costs


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Density Comparison(expressed in shoots per sq. inch)


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2003 NTEP Test

  • Planted fall 2003

  • First data spring 2005

  • Independence Creeping bentgrass

  • Declaration Creeping bentgrass

  • Legendary Velvet bentgrass


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Current Testing Sites(Previous to new NTEP)

  • North Carolina State- Dr. Art Bruneau

  • Virginia Tech – Dr. Eric Ervin

  • Rutgers University – Dr. William Meyer

  • CDGA –Dr. Randy Kane

  • University of Nebraska – Dr. Bob Shearman


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2002 Bentgrass Trial by NC State at CC of North Carolina


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Rutgers University2002 Fairway Creeping bent test



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Rutgers University established September 20012002 Greens Height Creeping bent test





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Arrowhead Golf Course NJ established Sept. 2001New Construction

  • Independence Creeping bentgrass on greens and tees

  • Pennway bent blend on fairways

  • Bluegrass sod on greens & tees surrounds

  • Winning Colors Tall fescue blend- roughs

  • Country Club Links Mix – far roughs


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Arrowhead Golf Course NJ established Sept. 2001Green seeded fall 2002


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Fall 2002 seeded Independence Green NJ established Sept. 2001


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Fall 2002 seeded Independence green NJ established Sept. 2001



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Two week old Independence tee box NJ established Sept. 2001


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Two week old Independence Green NJ established Sept. 2001


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Two week old Independence Green NJ established Sept. 2001


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An even newer generation is coming NJ established Sept. 2001 !


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An even newer generation is coming NJ established Sept. 2001 !


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Arrowhead Golf Course NJ established Sept. 2001Akron, NY

Video detailing use of Independence creeping bentgrass


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The next generation is here ! NJ established Sept. 2001

Questions ?


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