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Tactics of Terrorism Annual Editions- Unit 2 Starting thoughts Different ideologies that lead to terrorism Similar method of violence Why? Financing terror Greenlees and McBeth Assassinating public figures Indonesia- Jemaah Islamiya (JI)

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tactics of terrorism

Tactics of Terrorism

Annual Editions- Unit 2

starting thoughts
Starting thoughts
  • Different ideologies that lead to terrorism
  • Similar method of violence
    • Why?
  • Financing terror
greenlees and mcbeth
Greenlees and McBeth
  • Assassinating public figures
  • Indonesia- Jemaah Islamiya (JI)
    • 2002- Bali bombings- 202 killed- 164 foreign nationals, 209 injured
    • 2003- JW Marriott Hotel in Jakarta- 12 killed- 1 foreign national, 150+ injured
  • Large scale violence versus selected targets
    • Heavy Muslim casualties, media attention, public support (Punjab case)
greenlees and mcbeth4
Greenlees and McBeth
  • Hurting Western interests
    • Economic targets; oil, gas, international chains of restaurants, resorts
    • 2003- Attack on the expatriate housing complex in Saudi Arabia
    • Indonesia- targeting doctors, tourists
    • Afghanistan- South Korean missionaries
  • Nicholson- Globalization and ease to operate for terror networks- Red Cross phenomenon
  • 2002- al-Qaeda propaganda materials on US multinationals in Muslim regions- Iraq, Bangladesh. Additionally, Sudan, Niger Delta
greenlees and mcbeth5
Greenlees and McBeth
  • Weak political will
  • Weak democratic structure
  • No clear policy against violence and violation of Human Rights
    • Tribal and rural justice
    • Hijacking of IA-814
    • Economic interest in the African region
  • Public policy in the West and Christianity
greenlees and mcbeth6
Greenlees and McBeth
  • Need to accord global visibility to problems and solutions
    • Sectarian violence in Iraq, Human Rights violations in Saudi Arabia,
  • Need to intervene even when there is no direct economic interest
    • Myanmar?
  • Need to support more in terms of social and economic welfare rather than strengthening militaries in weak democracies
    • Accountability? Iraq- $9billion- oil money- 2003-2004
    • Healthcare in Iraq
  • No double standards- ban ALL terrorist outfits (JeM)
david kaplan paying for terror
David KaplanPaying for Terror
  • Hybrid of organized crime and terrorism
  • Efficiency, money overlapping with religious fanaticism
  • The D-Company/Dawood Ibrahim
    • March 1993- 11-13 bomb blasts in two hours in Mumbai- 257 killed, 700+ injured
    • August 2003- 2 taxi bombs- 52 killed, 100+ injured
    • July 2006- 7 bomb blasts in 11 minutes; 209 killed 700+ injured
    • LeT, JeM
david kaplan paying for terror8
David KaplanPaying for Terror
  • OC- normally parasitical, but growing overlap
    • Chechan- Russian Mafiya
      • Arms, human trafficking and drug trade
    • Taliban- al-Qaeda
      • Opium trade
    • Columbian cartels
      • Cocaine trade
    • Jemaah Islamiya – March 2004, Madrid Bombings- 191 killed, 2050 injured
      • Funded through Hashish Trade
      • Bali bombings- Jewelry store robberies
david kaplan paying for terror9
David KaplanPaying for Terror
  • Big money- low cost- survivability
    • Madrid bombings- $50K
    • Other businesses- pirated CDs, ID theft- Nigerian gangs, kidnappings, religious fundraisers
    • Antiques market
  • Prison recruits
  • A plus for the law enforcement?
david kaplan paying for terror10
David KaplanPaying for Terror
  • Corruption and lack of political will
  • D-Company- more money than country’s GDPs
  • Priorities? History of fighting terror?
    • Reasons for the Iraq war?
    • Are we in it for the long haul?
the moral logic and growth of suicide terrorism scott atran
The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism -Scott Atran
  • Most violent, unpredictable and horrifying
  • More suicide attacks in 2003-2005 than between 1980-2003
  • Why has it become the most common method?
  • Expendability issue?
the moral logic and growth of suicide terrorism scott atran12
The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism -Scott Atran
  • Misconception that “martyrs” are being directed by al-Qaeda
    • Salafis and Jihadists?
  • Influence of kin and colleagues
    • Egyptians killing Westerners and fellow Egyptians
    • Iranians, Afghanis, Syrians in Iraq
  • Do terrorists want to annihilate the West?
the moral logic and growth of suicide terrorism scott atran13
The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism -Scott Atran
  • Western political and economic policies
  • Moral values- 2004 Abu Ghraib prison scandal; 2005 Haditha killings; torture Geneva Convention Article 3; profiling in the US
  • Need to understand the changing face of terror
    • Decentralized structure
    • Diverting sympathy for suicide bombers- role of media?
    • Embracing complexity
    • Long term commitment
    • Global cooperation
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