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Tactics of Terrorism PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Tactics of Terrorism Annual Editions- Unit 2 Starting thoughts Different ideologies that lead to terrorism Similar method of violence Why? Financing terror Greenlees and McBeth Assassinating public figures Indonesia- Jemaah Islamiya (JI)

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Tactics of Terrorism

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Tactics of Terrorism

Annual Editions- Unit 2


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Starting thoughts

  • Different ideologies that lead to terrorism

  • Similar method of violence

    • Why?

  • Financing terror


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Greenlees and McBeth

  • Assassinating public figures

  • Indonesia- Jemaah Islamiya (JI)

    • 2002- Bali bombings- 202 killed- 164 foreign nationals, 209 injured

    • 2003- JW Marriott Hotel in Jakarta- 12 killed- 1 foreign national, 150+ injured

  • Large scale violence versus selected targets

    • Heavy Muslim casualties, media attention, public support (Punjab case)


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Greenlees and McBeth

  • Hurting Western interests

    • Economic targets; oil, gas, international chains of restaurants, resorts

    • 2003- Attack on the expatriate housing complex in Saudi Arabia

    • Indonesia- targeting doctors, tourists

    • Afghanistan- South Korean missionaries

  • Nicholson- Globalization and ease to operate for terror networks- Red Cross phenomenon

  • 2002- al-Qaeda propaganda materials on US multinationals in Muslim regions- Iraq, Bangladesh. Additionally, Sudan, Niger Delta


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Greenlees and McBeth

  • Weak political will

  • Weak democratic structure

  • No clear policy against violence and violation of Human Rights

    • Tribal and rural justice

    • Hijacking of IA-814

    • Economic interest in the African region

  • Public policy in the West and Christianity


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Greenlees and McBeth

  • Need to accord global visibility to problems and solutions

    • Sectarian violence in Iraq, Human Rights violations in Saudi Arabia,

  • Need to intervene even when there is no direct economic interest

    • Myanmar?

  • Need to support more in terms of social and economic welfare rather than strengthening militaries in weak democracies

    • Accountability? Iraq- $9billion- oil money- 2003-2004

    • Healthcare in Iraq

  • No double standards- ban ALL terrorist outfits (JeM)


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David KaplanPaying for Terror

  • Hybrid of organized crime and terrorism

  • Efficiency, money overlapping with religious fanaticism

  • The D-Company/Dawood Ibrahim

    • March 1993- 11-13 bomb blasts in two hours in Mumbai- 257 killed, 700+ injured

    • August 2003- 2 taxi bombs- 52 killed, 100+ injured

    • July 2006- 7 bomb blasts in 11 minutes; 209 killed 700+ injured

    • LeT, JeM


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David KaplanPaying for Terror

  • OC- normally parasitical, but growing overlap

    • Chechan- Russian Mafiya

      • Arms, human trafficking and drug trade

    • Taliban- al-Qaeda

      • Opium trade

    • Columbian cartels

      • Cocaine trade

    • Jemaah Islamiya – March 2004, Madrid Bombings- 191 killed, 2050 injured

      • Funded through Hashish Trade

      • Bali bombings- Jewelry store robberies


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David KaplanPaying for Terror

  • Big money- low cost- survivability

    • Madrid bombings- $50K

    • Other businesses- pirated CDs, ID theft- Nigerian gangs, kidnappings, religious fundraisers

    • Antiques market

  • Prison recruits

  • A plus for the law enforcement?


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David KaplanPaying for Terror

  • Corruption and lack of political will

  • D-Company- more money than country’s GDPs

  • Priorities? History of fighting terror?

    • Reasons for the Iraq war?

    • Are we in it for the long haul?


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The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism -Scott Atran

  • Most violent, unpredictable and horrifying

  • More suicide attacks in 2003-2005 than between 1980-2003

  • Why has it become the most common method?

  • Expendability issue?


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The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism -Scott Atran

  • Misconception that “martyrs” are being directed by al-Qaeda

    • Salafis and Jihadists?

  • Influence of kin and colleagues

    • Egyptians killing Westerners and fellow Egyptians

    • Iranians, Afghanis, Syrians in Iraq

  • Do terrorists want to annihilate the West?


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The Moral Logic and Growth of Suicide Terrorism -Scott Atran

  • Western political and economic policies

  • Moral values- 2004 Abu Ghraib prison scandal; 2005 Haditha killings; torture Geneva Convention Article 3; profiling in the US

  • Need to understand the changing face of terror

    • Decentralized structure

    • Diverting sympathy for suicide bombers- role of media?

    • Embracing complexity

    • Long term commitment

    • Global cooperation


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