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Science in the Quran Why study the issue of “science in the Quran?” Taha 20:70-73 The difference between Pharaoh and the Sorcerers: Knowledge! Pharaoh's ignorance led him to miss the signs of God. Ignorance of the laws of nature can lead us to miss the signs of God.

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Science in the Quran

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Science in the Quran


Why study the issue of “science in the Quran?”


Taha 20:70-73


The difference between Pharaoh and the Sorcerers: Knowledge!

Pharaoh's ignorance led him to miss the signs of God.

Ignorance of the laws of nature can lead us to miss the signs of God.


http://bp2.blogger.com/_cxmptAPYR-s/R201IWiiXjI/AAAAAAAABxw/Px2sWOunSMk/s1600-h/purple_optical_illusions.jpg

“Sea Sickness” by Walt Anthony


www.ticktin.com/opticalillusions/black_dots.jpg


Why study the issue of “science in the Quran?”

  • I. Prove the authenticity of the Quran ????

  • II. Better appreciate the verses of the Quran

  • - ultimately, a gateway to faith and an act of worship!

  • Provide an alternative relationship between religion and science

  • - John Maddox, the editor of Nature, in an article titled Defending Science

  • against Anti-Science said, “it may not be long before the practice of religion

  • must be regarded as anti-science.” (Not ancient history.)!

  • - “In August 1999, a debate was ignited by the decision of the Kansas State

  • Board of Education to de-emphasize the topics of macroevolution (the concept of

  • evolutionary change at or above the level of species), the geologic timescale, and the

  • “Big Bang” theory of the origin of the universe in the statewide science standards. “

  • http://www.geocities.com/jjmohn/governance.htm


  • Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day there are indeed Signs for men of understanding.

  • Men who celebrate the praises of Allah standing sitting and lying down on their sides and contemplate the (wonders of) creation in the heavens and the earth (with the thought): "Our Lord! not for naught hast thou created (all) this! Glory to thee! give us salvation from the penalty of the fire.

  • Al-Imran 3:190-191


Al-Rahman 55:37

And when the sky is rent asunder and becomes red like [burning] oil


The Cat’s Eye Nebula, Hubble space telescope.

http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/entire_collection/+1


And so amongst men and crawling creatures and cattle are they of various colors. Those truly fear Allah among His Servants who have knowledge: for Allah is Exalted in Might Oft-Forgiving. Fatir 35:28


One other critical facet of science important to faith:

It teaches us that what seems to be real often

is not -- it is but a surface illusion.

“The overarching lesson that has emerged from scientific inquiry over the last century

is that human experience is often a misleading guide to the true nature of reality. Lying

just beneath the surface of the everyday is a world we’d hardly recognize.”

The Fabric of the Cosmos, Brian Greene, Professor of Physics, Columbia University


Examples:

The earth is round, not flat.

The earth moves around the sun, not the sun around the earth.

Air has weight.

Matter is not solid, but made up of jiggling atoms (and is mostly empty space;

the diameter of the nucleus is about 1/10,000 the diameter of an atom.

If we take away the empty space, an object the size of a penny would weigh

about 30 million tons!). Feynman quote!

Time is not absolute, it is relative (so is length) – the absolute is spacetime.

There is an equivalence between energy and matter.


The earth moves, not the sun??

Speed of the earth: 30 km/sec == 67,500 mph


Islamic Astronomy (dated 14th century): These 2 diagrams from Ibn ash-Shatir's Nihayat al-sul illustrate the first successful representation of the motions of Planet Mercury exclusively in terms of uniform circular rotations

www.islaminside.com/blog/syukri/1313/Advances...


Al Anbiya’ 21:33

It is He Who created the Night and the Day and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along each in its rounded course.


ipac.jpl.nasa.gov/.../sig05-010_medium.jpg


The sun is one of about 100 billion stars in the Milky Way Galaxy. It is

located about 26,000 light years from the center of the Galaxy (1 ly = 6 trillion miles).

It orbits the center of the galaxy at a speed of 200 km/sec ( about 450,000 miles/hr

compared to earth’s speed of 67,500 miles/hr).

http://stevekluge.com/geoscience/images/milkywaysun.jpg


Yusuf Ali When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up;

Pickthall When the sun is overthrown,

Al-Tabari “This means it will be darkened.”

(quoted by Ibn Kathir)

Sa’id bin Jubayr “Kuwwirat means it will sink in.”


Kawwar:to roll and enlarge (al-imma), ball up, conglomerate, agglomerate

According to Lisan al-Arab (except for when it refers to the Quranic verse)

and to Al-Mawrid dictionary


Nuh 71:16

"And made the moon a light in their midst and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp?


Air has weight: Air exerts 14.7 pounds per square inch!

Pioneering scientists discovered atmospheric pressure barometric or air in the 17th century, and determined a startling new fact—that air actually has weight. Evangelista Torricelli, one of the first to discover atmospheric pressure, once said, "We live submerged at the bottom of an ocean of the element air."

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/exposure/pressure.html

http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/archive/air_pressure/balloon.html


And whomsoever God wills to guide, his bosom He opens wide with willingness towards self-surrender [unto Him]; and whomsoever He wills to let go astray, his bosom He causes to be tight and constricted, as if he were climbing unto the skies: it is thus that God inflicts horror upon those who will not believe. Al-Anam 6:125

* The highest point in Saudi Arabia, Jabal Sawdā’ (3,207 m/10,522 ft), is … near the border with Yemen.(MSN Encarta)


Equivalence of energy and matter

To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth; when He decreeth a matter He saith to it: "Be"; and it is. (Al-Baqaraa 2:117)

The issue of creation ex nihilo


E = mc2

Pair production refers to the creation of an elementary particle and its antiparticle, usually from a photon

Pair production can only occur if the photon has an energy exceeding twice the rest mass(me) of an electron (1.022 MeV);

http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/images/pair_production.gif


Conclusion 1:

This Quran could not have been authored by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Conclusion 2:

Things are not what they seem. We only see what is on the surface,

not the true inner reality.

They say: "What! when we die and become dust and bones could we really be raised up again?

Al-Mu’minun 23: 82


Al-Rum 30:6-8

It is a promise of Allah. Allah faileth not His promise, but most of mankind know not.

They know but the outer (things) in the life of this world: but of the End of things they are heedless.

Have they not pondered upon themselves? Allah created not the heavens and the earth, and that which is between them, save with truth and for a destined end. But truly many of mankind are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.


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