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RISK MANAGEMENT: Teaching, Facilities, Equipment PHED 2017 INQUIRY RISK – Its not the circumstance, it’s your reaction to the circumstance! PLANNING.... Your best defense against any unforeseen circumstance! Your lesson planning should include Inspection of gym Inspection of equipment

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Risk management teaching facilities equipment l.jpg

RISK MANAGEMENT: Teaching, Facilities, Equipment


Planning l.jpg
PLANNING.... the circumstance!

  • Your best defense against any unforeseen circumstance!

  • Your lesson planning should include

    • Inspection of gym

    • Inspection of equipment

    • Safety procedures for student - equipment handling, body control, rules/routines

    • Safety procedures for teacher – instruction, rules/routines – REMIND, REMIND, ENFORCE!!!

    • KNOW your responsibilities!!!

Overview l.jpg
OVERVIEW the circumstance!

Education Act, subsection 264

Ontario College of Teachers

Board of Education

Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines

Legal Liability & Risk Management Principles (Chapter 9)

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Duty of Care - OCT the circumstance!


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Physical Education Safety Guidelines the circumstance!


  • WHAT? – 6 documents:

    • Elementary Curricular

    • Elementary Intramural

    • Elementary Interschool

    • Secondary Curricular

    • Secondary Intramural

    • Secondary Interschool

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PE & Safety Guidelines: the circumstance!

Identify the safety procedures for all sports and activities permitted in schools

These safety requirements are used as provincial standards & are used as a bench mark in court cases.

Your Board may have further, more strict safety procedures in place.


Examples of unacceptable activities

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HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES: the circumstance!

Skiing & snowboarding

Snowblading and snow tubing

Snow/ice sliding



Climbing walls/rapelling

YOUR Board will have additional guidelines regarding these activities, in some cases these activities are prohibited!

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Components of each Guideline: the circumstance!

  • Equipment

  • Clothing & footwear

  • Facilities

  • Special rules/instructions

  • Supervision

  • Note:

    • Primary – grades 1-3

    • Junior – grades 4-6

    • Intermediate – grades 7-8

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EQUIPMENT the circumstance!

Size, mass and strength appropriate

Condition – e.g. Cracks, ball inflation, sharp edges, etc.

No home-made equipment

Helmets – ice hockey, cycling (alpine skiing & snowboarding coming in 2009)

Student responsibilities

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CLOTHING & FOOTWEAR the circumstance!

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CLOTHING & FOOTWEAR the circumstance!

Hair, jewellery, glasses, footwear

Uniforms? Religious beliefs?

Facilities l.jpg
FACILITIES the circumstance!

Visual inspection

Regular third party inspection

Walls, stages, playing fields

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Warm ups/cool downs

Skill progressions

Outdoor precautions (temperature, sun, insects, severe weather)

Fluid replacement

Special needs

NO blind folds while moving

Avoid walking/running backwards

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SUPERVISION the circumstance!

“vigilant overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction”

Supervisor is defined as a teacher, principal or vice-principal, NOT a volunteer (e.g. parent, EA, co-op student, etc.)

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SUPERVISION the circumstance!

  • “CONSTANT VISUAL” – teacher is physically present, watching the ONE activity

  • “ON-SITE” – teacher is present but not necessarily viewing one specific activity

  • “IN-THE-AREA” – teacher is readily accessible (e.g. circulating, visible, or known location)

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SUPERVISION the circumstance!

Rules & routines – establish early and constantly reinforce!

Vigilant observation!

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  • Softball (fast pitch)/baseball

  • Canoe tripping, dragon boating

  • Tackle football; tackle rugby

  • Above ground trampolines

  • Ice hockey; ringette

  • Rock climbing (bouldering OK)

  • Sailing, squash

  • Winter tent camping

  • Discus, javelin, hurdles, pole vault

  • White water canoeing/kayaking/rafting

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For Wednesday: the circumstance!

  • Read Chapter 9 – Legal Liability & Risk Management

  • Answer # 2 on page 179 with regard to:

    • Duty

    • Breach of Duty

    • Injury

    • Proximate Cause