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EST-200, Cultural Ecology, Review for Final. Dr. Betty Faust SUNY ESF. NEW OPTIONS. Ecojustice Biophysical economics Sustainable development Community based conservation work Alternative livelihoods for rural residents . Biosphere Planning . Parks - natural protected areas - no people?

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EST-200, Cultural Ecology, Review for Final

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Est 200 cultural ecology review for final

EST-200, Cultural Ecology, Review for Final

Dr. Betty Faust

SUNY ESF


New options

NEW OPTIONS

  • Ecojustice

  • Biophysical economics

  • Sustainable development

  • Community based conservation work

  • Alternative livelihoods for rural residents


Biosphere planning

Biosphere Planning

  • Parks - natural protected areas - no people?

  • Commercial, intensive agriculture

    • sustainable?

    • Cattle? Pigs? Chickens?

  • Western Dichotomies - nature vs. culture

  • Indigenous integration? Cycles?


More biosphere planning

More Biosphere Planning


Urban planning

Urban Planning

  • Concentrate people

  • Save nature

  • Green cities?

  • Effects on biosphere?

    • Externalities

      • sewage

      • food

      • water


Seas world ocean

Seas - world ocean

  • Over-fishing - modern technologies on boats

  • Aqua culture - damage to mangroves and reefs

  • Coral reefs - whitening, sick

  • Sea turtles, whales - tumors (concentrate contaminants)


Atmosphere

Atmosphere

  • Holes in ozone layer, global warming

  • Natural variations in climate over time

    • sunspots

    • earth orbit

  • Average global temperature

    • wind patterns, rainfall

    • ocean temperatures


Solutions

Solutions?

  • Carbon credits - reforesting, protecting

  • Indigenous knowledge & science

  • Sustainable management of resources

    • histories of use

    • monitoring

    • compensation to native managers

    • DECENTRALIZATION


Globalization

Globalization

  • National governments vs. local communities and their environment

  • National governments vs. International organizations - United Nations, World Bank, Global Environmental Facility, International Union for the Conservation of Nature, CITES, Rio, Johannesburg, etc.


Force or incentives

Force or Incentives

  • Wars over resources, ethnicities vs. nations

    • oil

    • water

    • soil

    • forests

  • TRAGEDY of the Commons?

    • Traditions plus

    • New forms of local administration

    • Incentives


The plumed serpent

The Plumed Serpent & $$$

  • Stages

    • traditional way of life, how we do things

    • progress, buying new things, learning new ways

    • assessment

      • what have we lost?


Losses

Losses

  • Social\

    • teen-agers, alcohol, drugs, rape, pregnancies

    • wife beating, violent fights, alcoholism

    • divorces, children suffering, grandparents as buffer

    • moving out, searching for jobs - lack of local resources, poor prices for products


Losses1

LOSSES

  • Resources - ecosystem services

    • timber, animals - for sale

    • wood for household use, furniture, building

    • rainfall patterns affected by deforestation

    • soil gradually declining in fertility

    • smaller yards for producing food - pop. growth

    • few animals to hunt


Cognitive symbolic losses

Cognitive-symbolic losses

  • Ritual symbolism

  • New - media images, political slogans

    • Earth as island floating in space

    • Slogans - Thing globally, act locally

  • Old - Plumed serpent in ritual context

    • order of time and space, sex-gender, generations, fertility of soil and humans

    • connections, cycles, living lightly


Recommendation

Recommendation

  • Working with the elders to rescue the local eco-history, traditional management strategies, knowledge of ecosystem, weather cycles, etc.

  • Documenting the new elements

  • Analyzing what information they need about long term consequences, alternatives.

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Actions

ACTIONS

  • Visits to other communities, seeing is believing what can happen

  • Trying alternatives with them

  • Teaching monitoring skills

  • Educating leaders & community with AV materials

  • Livelihood protection - alternatives


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