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Research Title. English Learning Experiences of Students Enrolled at a Thai University: a case study . CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY, NSW, Australia Researcher : Anchalee Chayanuvat ([email protected]) Supervisor: Kennece Coombe([email protected]) Associate supervisor:

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Research title

Research Title

English Learning Experiences of Students Enrolled at a Thai University: a case study


  • Researcher:

    • Anchalee Chayanuvat([email protected])

  • Supervisor:

    • Kennece Coombe([email protected])

  • Associate supervisor:

    • Pauline Jones ([email protected])

The phenomenon
The Phenomenon

  • What do I want to study? Why?

    • How is English learned and how it should be best taught?


My Teaching Career

Source of research problem
Source of Research Problem

  • Personal and Professional Belief (Glaser and Strauss,1990:35)

The chosen site
The Chosen Site

  • Walailak University in Nakorn Si Thammarat

  • Fairly new, not widely known

  • Students from various parts of Thailand of mixed abilities

  • A residential university

Aims of this study
Aims of This Study the Entrance Exam.

  • This study is hoped to:

    • 1. learn from research participants’ stories what experiences about learning English they have gone through

    • 2. identify essential factors that are central to student learning and find their relationship patterns

    • 3. sample events and incidents that may lead to an evolving grounded theory

The study
The Study the Entrance Exam.

  • I. Introduction

    • General Problem Statement

    • Main Research Question

    • Research Sub-questions

    • Significance of the Study

Literature review
Literature Review the Entrance Exam.

  • II. Preliminary Literature Review

    • The Changing Status of English

    • Kashru’s Circles of Learners

    • Varieties of English

    • Language teaching and language learning

    • Shifts in Major Teaching Approaches

  • Definitions of learning the Entrance Exam.

  • Nunan’s four learner types

  • Major schools of theorists

    • the Behaviourists

    • the Mentalists

    • the Interactionists

    • the Constructivists

Factors affecting language learning
Factors Affecting Language Learning the Entrance Exam.

  • Affect in language learning

    • Motivation

    • Anxiety

    • Fear of the unfamiliar

    • Fear of making mistakes

    • Presentation of Self

    • Attitude

  • Cultures of learning the Entrance Exam.

  • Learning Strategies

  • Opportunities for language use

  • Access to Resources

  • Teachers

  • Learners

My conceptual framework
My Conceptual Framework the Entrance Exam.



The Teaching and the Learning Process


The other


The Self

Student Learning

Literature review in brief
Literature Review in Brief the Entrance Exam.

  • Literature Review reveals:

    • 1. The major roles played by the learners themselves. To be successful, they should be autonomous and be in control of their learning process.

  • III. Research Design relation to learning

    • qualitative in nature

    • a case study design

    • site

    • researcher role

    • research participants

Purpose of a case study design
Purpose of a case study design relation to learning

  • To understand the research participants, especially their experiences through English learning in Thailand

  • To obtain data in the form of rich verbal descriptions in the research participants’ “lived” experiences

Researcher role
Researcher Role relation to learning

  • Researcher as interviewer who has established rapport and gained trust from research participants

Sampling of research participants
Sampling of Research Participants relation to learning

  • Quota Section--Volunteers

  • Criteria:

    • Studying one English course during data collection period

    • Not in the researcher’s class

    • Three students from each year (Year 1 to Year 4)

Strengths of this study
Strengths of this Study relation to learning

  • The insights depend on:

    • Richness of the cases

    • The analytical capabilities of the researcher

Research methodology
Research Methodology relation to learning

  • Grounded theory

    • coding

    • categorizing

    • conceptualizing

    • theory generating

    • Constant comparative methods using taped-recorded interviews and participant learning journals

Grounded theory
Grounded Theory relation to learning

  • Relates abstract concept to propose a theory as an explanation of the phenomenon

  • The theory is grounded in that it is developed from the data, in contrast to testing a theory from literature

  • The relationship between two or more concepts generates a theory

  • A good theory is produced when there are fortunate combinations--an inquiry mind, rich experience and stimulating data

Data collection and data analysis
Data Collection and Data Analysis relation to learning

  • The interviews were unstructured and open-ended.

  • The interviewer tried to reduce bias and preconceived ideas because of Theoretical Sensitivity.

  • The interviews would be taped and transcribed.

  • The data were analysed inductively to generate findings.

  • Data collection, data analysis and literature review ran parallel.

The inductive process
The Inductive Process relation to learning

  • Making Sense of the Data: Open Coding, Axial Coding and Selective Coding

    • Organize data into categories and discuss patterns

    • Compare and contrast constantly

    • Construct an abstract synthesis

Data collection
Data Collection relation to learning

  • Period

  • Interview Design

  • Data

Data analysis
Data Analysis relation to learning

  • The Grounded theory

    • Coding

    • Categorizing

    • Conceptualizing

    • Generating Theory

Themes from axial coding
Themes from Axial Coding relation to learning

  • The Role of English in the Globalized World

  • The Role of Motivation

  • The Mysterious Element of English

  • The Teacher

  • The Learner

  • Peers

  • Class Activities

  • Evaluation

A model of learning
A Model of Learning relation to learning

  • Learner Motivation

  • The Mysterious Element of English

  • The Teacher

  • The learner

  • The Peers

  • Class Activities

  • Motivation

The teacher
The Teacher relation to learning

  • The teacher’s way of being

  • The teacher’s way of doing

  • The teacher as an approachable person

  • The teacher as a facilitator

Two main things i have learned
Two Main Things I Have Learned relation to learning

  • The power of reflection

  • Being a teacher and researcher