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AGEE/APELL Consultative Meetings 13-16 May 2003 Geneva Fritz Balkau UNEP, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - Paris

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AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS FOR EMERGENCIES AT LOCAL LEVEL. COORDINATED DISASTER PREPAREDNESS APELL WORLDWIDE. AGEE/APELL Consultative Meetings 13-16 May 2003 Geneva Fritz Balkau UNEP, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - Paris. Public awareness and preparedness. APELL is

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AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS FOR

EMERGENCIES AT LOCAL LEVEL

COORDINATED DISASTER PREPAREDNESS

APELL WORLDWIDE

AGEE/APELL Consultative Meetings13-16 May 2003Geneva

Fritz BalkauUNEP, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - Paris

public awareness and preparedness
Public awareness and preparedness

APELL is

- a multi-stakeholder process that establishes adequate coordination and communication in situations where the public might be affected by accidents and disasters

AGEE/APELL May 2003

apell achieves
APELL achieves
  • hazard identification
  • early warning
  • risk reduction/prevention
  • preparedness measures
  • more effective response measures (reduced impact in case of accident)
  • post-accident arrangements

AGEE/APELL May 2003

apell is applicable to all hazards
APELL is applicable to all hazards
  • industrial risk
  • transport
  • natural hazards
  • urban disasters

All hazards where communities need to be prepared !

AGEE/APELL May 2003May 2003

apell partners promote the local application

INTEGRATED COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN

Industry

APELL PROCESS

APELL partners promote the local application

Community

Local Government

AGEE/APELL May 2003

apell is local level process
APELL is local level process
  • local ownership
  • local decisions
  • local partners
  • But also relies on national support

AGEE/APELL May 2003

programme to promote apell
Programme to promote APELL
  • launched in1988, centre is based in Paris
  • application in countries, local communities
  • co-operation with:
    • industry - ICCA, ICMM,..
    • governments - US, Sweden, India
    • international bodies - OECD, EC, ECE, OCHA, WHO, IMO
  • undertakes - assistance, promotion, networking
  • monitors progress, discusses results

AGEE/APELL May 2003

aplication worldwide
Aplication Worldwide
  • Bahia Blanca - Argentina
  • Sao Sebastiao - Brazil
  • Ecopetrol - Colombia
  • Thailand - IEAT
  • Croatia
  • Egypt
  • Barents Sea
  • India

AGEE/APELL May 2003

but apell is not yet everywhere
But… APELL is not yet everywhere
  • Examine the following slides
  • What could have been gained if:
  • local people had understood the risks ?
  • local people had acted appropriately during the event ?
  • the emergency services had been better co-ordinated ?
  • there had been a public emergency plan ?

AGEE/APELL May 2003

the toulouse accident
The Toulouse Accident

Fertiliser factory explosion - 21 September 2001

31 people died >3,000 people injured

AGEE/APELL May 2003

the baia mare accident
The Baia Mare Accident

Minesite spill - 30 January 2000

50-100 tons of cyanide were released

AGEE/APELL May 2003

the nigeria pipeline accident
The Nigeria Pipeline Accident

17 October 1998 650 people died

AGEE/APELL May 2003

the lagos accident
The Lagos Accident

Munitions explosion - 27 January 2002

>2,000 died >2,000 injured

AGEE/APELL May 2003

the payatas accident
The Payatas Accident

Garbage dump collapsed - 11 July 2000

200 people died

AGEE/APELL May 2003

the izmit earthquake

.

The Izmit Earthquake

Earthquake - 17 August 1999

> 14,000 people died > 27,000 people injured

AGEE/APELL May 2003

thailand acrylonitrile spill

.

Thailand - acrylonitrile spill

Transport accident - September 2001

pollution of waterways, toxic danger to residents

AGEE/APELL May 2003

some unep work in 2002
Some UNEP work in 2002
  • liaison with international emergency agencies
  • country seminars in China, Brazil, India, Egypt
  • establishing APELL Centre in India, Brazil
  • input to OECD Guiding Principles and SEVESO II
  • dialogue with chemicals, mining, fertiliser industry
  • promotion of APELL in Mining
  • regional APELL network - LAC
  • maintain information service

AGEE/APELL May 2003

apell in 2003 5
APELL in 2003-5
  • provide global service of information & awareness
  • assist with national/sectoral APELL strategies
  • sponsor demonstrations and training
  • APELL implementation through regional networks and centres, and other instruments and partners
  • evolve the APELL concept for future
  • expand/revise APELL tools and guidelines

AGEE/APELL May 2003

summary
Summary
  • APELL could prevent or lessen impacts
  • APELL is valid for all hazards, in all countries
  • some countries and industries are taking action
  • but, more still needs to be done
  • global APELL partnership can assist those wanting to implement or promote emergency prevention and preparedness
  • but, APELL partnership needs to be expanded still

AGEE/APELL May 2003

apell website
APELL Website

www.uneptie.org/pc/apell

AGEE/APELL May 2003

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