Premillennialism
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Premillennialism. Marriage Supper. A. Revelation. Rapture. Comes for Saints. Comes with Saints. Tribulation (7 years). Israel. ( Church Age ). 3 ½ + 3 ½ GT. A. Signs. Kingdom Postponed. Antichrist. Resurrection of Righteous Living Saints Changed All Caught Up.

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Premillennialism

Marriage Supper

A

Revelation

Rapture

Comes for Saints

Comes with Saints

Tribulation(7 years)

Israel

(Church Age)

3 ½ + 3 ½ GT

A

Signs

Kingdom Postponed

Antichrist

Resurrection of RighteousLiving Saints Changed

All Caught Up

Resurrection of Tribulation Saints


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Premillennialism

World Destroyed(2 Pet. 3:10)

Final Judgment

Revelation

Millennial Kingdom(1000 years)

Gog/Magog Revolt

Heaven

Satan Loosed

A

Hell

Satan bound Jews ConvertedJews Returned to LandOT worship restoredIdealistic life on earth

Resurrection of MK saintsResurrection of wicked


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The Olivet Discourse(Mt. 24; Mk. 13; Lk. 21)

The Destruction Of Jerusalem&The Coming Of The Lord


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The Key That Unlocks The Olivet Discourse

Mt. 24:34

“Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things take place.”

(cf. Mk. 13:30; Lk. 21:32)


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Generation(Genea)

BAGD: “family, descent. 1. lit., those descended fr. a common ancestor, a clan..., then race, kind gener.... 2. basically, the sum total of those born at the same time, expanded to include all those living at a given timegeneration, contemporaries.... Jesus looks upon the whole contemp. generation of Jews as a uniform mass confronting him…Mt. 23:36; 24:34; Mk. 13:30…; Lk. 17:25; 21:32…. 3. age, the time of a generation....Here the original sense gradually disappears, and the mng. ‘a period of time’ remains. a. age, generation....b. period of time gener....”(A Greek-English Lexicon Of The New Testament And Other Early Christian Literature, pp. 153-154)


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Generation(Genea)

Joseph Thayer: “1. a begetting, birth, nativity....2. passively, that which has been begotten, men of the same stock, a family....the several ranks in a natural descent, the successive members of a genealogy....b. metaph. a race of men very like each other in endowments, pursuits, character; and esp. in a bad sense a perverse race....3. the whole multitude of men living at the same time: Mt. xxiv. 34; Mk. xiii. 30; Lk. i. 48...xxi. 32....4. an age (i.e. the time ordinarily occupied by each successive generation), the space of from 30 to 33 years....”(A Greek-English Lexicon Of The New Testament #1074, p. 112)


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Generation(Genea)

W. E. Vine: “connected with ginomai, to become, primarily signifies a begetting, or birth; then that which has been begotten, a family; or successive members of a genealogy....or of a race of people, possessed of similar characteristics, pursuits, etc., (of a bad character)....or the whole multitude of men living at the same time, Matt. 24:34; Mark 13:30; Luke 1:48; 21:32....Transferred from people to the time in which they lived, the word came to mean an age, i.e., a period ordinarily occupied by each successive generation, say, of thirty or forty years....”(The Expanded Vine’s Expository Dictionary Of New Testament Words, p. 34)


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“This Generation”

“But whereunto shall I liken this generation? It is like unto children sitting in the marketplaces, who call unto their fellows and say, We piped unto you, and ye did not dance; we wailed, and ye did not mourn.” (Mt. 11:16-17 // Lk. 7:31-32)


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“This Generation”

“The men of Nineveh shall stand up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, a greater than Jonah is here. The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, a greater than Solomon is here....Even so shall it be also unto this evil generation.” (Mt. 12:41-42, 45)


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“This Generation”

  • “And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation.” (Mk. 8:12)

  • “For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of man also shall be ashamed of him, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.” (Mk. 8:38)


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“This Generation”

“And when the multitudes were gathering together unto him, he began to say, this generation is an evil generation: it seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it but the sign of Jonah. For even as Jonah became a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of thisgeneration, and shall condemn them: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, a greater than Solomon is here. The men of Nineveh shall stand up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, a greater than Jonah is here.” (Lk. 11:29-32)


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“This Generation”

“Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send unto them prophets and apostles; and some of them they shall kill and persecute; that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; from the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zachariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary: yea, I say unto you, it shall be required of this generation.” (Lk. 11:49-51)


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“This Generation”

  • “But first must he suffer many things and be rejected of this generation.” (Lk. 17:25)

  • “Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.” (Mt. 23:36)

  • “And with many other words he testified, and exhorted them, saying, Save yourselves from this crooked generation.” (Acts 2:40)


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Incredible Prophecies

  • Gospel preached in whole world(Mt. 24:14; Mk. 13:10)

  • Abomination of desolation(Mt. 24:15; Mk. 13:14)

  • Great tribulation(Mt. 24:21-22; Mk. 13:19-20)

  • The coming of the Son of Man(Mt. 24:27)

  • Cataclysmic astronomical phenomena(Mt. 24:29; Mk. 13:24-25; Lk. 21:25-26)

  • Son of Man coming on the clouds(Mt. 24:30; Mk. 13:26; Lk. 21:27)

  • Angels gathering the elect(Mt. 24:31; Mk. 13:27)

Did All These Things Occur Before Jerusalem Was Destroyed?


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Possible Explanations

  • Jesus lied

  • Jesus was mistaken

  • These are not the predictions of Jesus

  • The predictions concerning the destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Coming are intermingled

  • “This generation” (Mt. 24:34) does not mean that generation

  • Some things were figuratively (not literally) fulfilled


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“What God Has Joined Together”

  • 24:15: ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

  • 24:16-18: “Then” flee to mountains

  • 24:19: Woe to mother in “those days”

  • 24:21: “Then”GREAT TRIBULATION

  • 24:22: “Those days” shortened

  • 24:23-26: “Then” false Christs & false prophets


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“What God Has Joined Together”

  • 24:27: COMING OF THE SON OF MAN

  • 24:29: “Immediately after” tribulation of “those days”SUN DARKENED, etc.

  • 24:30a: “Then”SIGN OF SON OF MAN

  • 24:30b: “Then”TRIBES OF EARTH MOURN

  • 24:30c: SON OF MAN COMING ON CLOUDS

  • 24:31: ANGELS TO GATHER ELECT


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“This Generation” Means…

  • The Human Race

  • The Jewish Nation or Race

  • The Generation of Spiritual Israel

  • The Generation of the Fulfillment

  • A Particular Kind of Man

  • The People Then Living


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The Disciples’ Questions

  • Mt. 24:3: …“Tell us, when will these things be? And what will bethe sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”

  • Mk. 13:4: “Tell us, when will these things be? And what will bethe sign when all these things will be fulfilled?”

  • Lk. 21:7: …“Teacher, but when will these things be? And what signwill there be when these things are about to take place?”

The Time & The Sign


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The Deceptive Signs

Mt. 24:4-8:4 And Jesus answered and said to them: “Take heed thatno one deceives you. 5 “For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will deceive many. 6 “And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not troubled; for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. 7 “For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. And there will be famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in various places. 8 “All theseare the beginning of sorrows. (cf. Mk. 13:5-8; Lk. 21:8-19)

These so-called “signs of the times” were not even reliable indicators of the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, let alone The Second Coming


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The Deceptive Signs

  • False Christs (Mt. 24:5; Mk. 13:6; Lk. 21:8)

  • Wars and Rumors of Wars (Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

  • Famines (Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

  • Earthquakes (Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

  • Pestilences (Lk. 21:11)

  • Great Signs From Heaven (Lk. 21:11)


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The Deceptive Signs

  • Persecution (Mt. 24:9; Mk. 13:9; Lk. 21:12)

  • Hatred (Mt. 24:9; Mk. 13:13; Lk. 21:17)

  • Betrayal (Mt. 24:10; Mk. 13:12; Lk. 21:16)

  • False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

  • Apostasy (Mt. 24:11)

  • Apathy (Mt. 24:12)


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“Wars and Rumors of Wars”(Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

Josephus: “There were besides disorders and civilwars in every city... There was also a bitter contest between those that were fond of war, and those that were desirous of peace....so that seditions aroseeverywhere .... in the first place, all the people of every place betook themselves to rapine; after which they got together in bodies, in order to rob the people of the country, insomuch that for the barbarity and iniquity those of the same nation did no way differ from the Romans; nay, it seemed to be a much lighter thing to be ruined by the Romans than by themselves.”(The Wars Of The Jews, 4:3:2)


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“Wars and Rumors of Wars”(Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

Tacitus: “The history on which I am entering is that of a period rich in disasters, terrible with battles, torn by civil struggles, horrible even in peace. Four emperors fell by the sword; there were three civil wars, more foreign wars, and often both at the same time.”(The Histories, 1:2)


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“Wars and Rumors of Wars”(Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

  • In Askelon, 2,500 Jews were slain and 2,000 in Ptolemais (The Wars Of The Jews, 2:18:5)

  • In Alexandria, 50,000 Jews were slain at the order of Tiberius Alexander, the governor of the city (The Wars Of The Jews, 2:18:8)

  • After the death of Nero, three emperors (Galba, Otho, and Vitellius) died violently within a year (The Wars Of The Jews, 4:9:2)


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“Wars and Rumors of Wars”(Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

  • Vitellius, the governor of Syria, declared war against Aretas, the king of Arabia, but he returned home when he learned of the death of Tiberius(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 18:5:3)

  • Caligula ordered that his statue be placed in the temple in Jerusalem, and when the Jews refused to allow this, war was barely averted(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 18:8:1-9)


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“Wars and Rumors of Wars”(Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

  • In Seleucia, 50,000 Jews were slain by the Greeks and the Syrians(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 18:9:9)

  • In Jerusalem, 20,000 Jews died on the Passover while Cumanus was procurator of Judea(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 20:5:3)


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“Wars and Rumors of Wars”(Mt. 24:6-7a; Mk. 13:7-8a; Lk. 21:9-10)

  • A sedition arose between the Jews and the Syrians in Caesarea(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 20:8:7)

  • In Caesarea, 20,000 Jews were slain in an hour (The Wars Of The Jews, 2:18:1)


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“Famines”(Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

  • Luke: “27 And in these days prophets came from Jerusalem to Antioch. 28 Then one of them, named Agabus, stood up and showed by the Spirit that there was going to be a great famine throughout all the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius Caesar.” (Acts 11:27-28)


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“Famines”(Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

  • Josephus: “Now her coming was of very great advantage to the people of Jerusalem; for whereas a famine did oppress them at that time, and many people died for want of what was necessary to procure food withal....”(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 20:2:5)


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“Famines”(Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

  • Tacitus: “Many prodigies occurred during the year. Ominous birds took their seat on the Capitol; houses were overturned by repeated shocks of earthquake, and, as the panic spread, the weak were trampled underfoot in the trepidation of the crowd. A shortage of corn, again, and the famine which resulted, were construed as a supernatural warning.”(The Annals, 12:43)


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“Earthquakes”(Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

Josephus:“...for there broke out a prodigious storm in the night, with the utmost violence, and very strong winds, with the largest showers of rain, with continual lightnings, terrible thunderings, and amazing concussionsand bellowings of the earth, that was in an earthquake. These things were a manifest indication that some destruction was coming upon men, when the system of the world was put into this disorder; and anyone would guess that these wonders foreshowed some grand calamities that were coming.” (The Wars Of The Jews, 4:4:5)


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“Earthquakes”(Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Lk. 21:11)

J. Marcellus Kik: “And as to earthquakes, many are mentioned by writers during a period just previous to 70 A.D. There were earthquakes in Crete, Smyrna, Miletus, Chios, Samos, Laodicea, Hierapolis, Colosse, Campania, Rome, and Judea. It is interesting to note that the city of Pompeii was much damaged by an earthquake occurring on February 5, 63 A.D.” (An Eschatology Of Victory, p. 93)


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Different Kinds Of Persecution(Mt. 24:9-10; Mk. 13:9, 11-13; Lk. 21:12-17)

  • Speak by Inspiration(Mk. 13:11)

    • Peter (Acts 4:8ff)

    • Stephen (Acts 6:8ff)

  • Tribulation and Death(Mt. 24:9)

    • Stephen (Acts 7:54ff; 22:19f)

    • James (Acts 12:1)

    • Christians (Acts 22:3ff)


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Nero’s Persecution In Rome

Tacitus: “But all human efforts, all the lavish gifts of the emperor, and the propitiations of the gods, did not banish the sinister belief that the conflagration was the result of an order. Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had


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Nero’s Persecution In Rome

its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their centre and become popular. Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon


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Nero’s Persecution In Rome

their information, an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind. Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flames and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired.


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Nero’s Persecution In Rome

Nero offered his gardens for the spectacle, and was exhibiting a show in the circus, while he mingled with the people in the dress of a charioteer or stood aloft on a car. Hence, even for criminals who deserved extreme and exemplary punishment, there arose a feeling of compassion; for it was not, as it seemed, for the public good, but to glut one man's cruelty, that they were being destroyed.” (The Annals, 15:44)


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Hatred(Mt. 24:9; Mk. 13:13; Lk. 21:17)

  • Roman Jews: “But we desire to hear from you what you think; for concerning this sect, we know that it is spoken against everywhere.” (Acts 28:22)

  • John: “Do not marvel, my brethren, if the world hates you.” (1 Jn. 3:13)


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Hatred(Mt. 24:9; Mk. 13:13; Lk. 21:17)

Tacitus: “Nero substituted as culprits, and punished with the utmost refinements of cruelty, a class of men,loathed for their vices, whom the crowd styled Christians. Christus, the founder of the name, had undergone the death penalty in the reign of Tiberius, by sentence of the procurator Pontius Pilatus, and the pernicious superstition was checked for a moment, only to break out once more, not merely in Judaea, the home of the disease, but in the capital itself, where all things horrible or shameful in the world collect and find a vogue.” (The Annals, 15:44)


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Betrayal(Mt. 24:10; Mk. 13:12; Lk. 21:16)

  • Tacitus: “Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon their information, an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind.” (The Annals, 15:44)


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

  • Acts 20:29-30: “29 For I know this, that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock. 30 “Also from among yourselves men will rise up, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after themselves.”


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

  • 2 Pet. 2:1-2: “1 But there were also false prophetsamong the people, even as there will be false teachersamong you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. 2 And many will follow their destructive ways, because of whom the way of truth will be blasphemed.”


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

  • 1 Jn. 4:1: “Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are of God; because many false prophetshave gone out into the world.”


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

Josephus: “There was also another body of wicked mengotten together, not so impure in their actions, but more wicked in their intentions…. These were such men as deceived and deluded the people under pretense of divine inspiration...and went before them into the wilderness, as pretending that God would there show them the signals of liberty....”(The Wars Of The Jews, 2:13:4)


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

Josephus: “But there was an Egyptian false prophet that did the Jews more mischief than the former; for he was a cheat, and pretended to be a prophet also, and got together thirty thousand men that were deluded by him; these he led round about from the wilderness to the mount which was called the Mount of Olives, and was ready to break into Jerusalem by force from that place....”(The Wars Of The Jews, 2:13:5)


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

Josephus: “Now it came to pass, while Fadus was procurator of Judea, that a certain magician, whose name was Theudas, persuaded a great part of the people to take their effects with them, and follow him to the river Jordan; for he told them he was a prophet, and that he would, by his own command, divide the river, and afford them an easy passage over it; and many were deluded by his words.”(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 20:5:1)


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False Prophets(Mt. 24:11)

Josephus: “Now, as for the affairs of the Jews, they grew worse and worse continually; for the country was again filled with robbers and imposters, who deluded the multitude. Yet did Felix catch and put to death many of those impostors every day, together with the robbers....these impostors and deceivers persuaded the multitude to follow them into the wilderness, and pretended that they would exhibit manifest wonders and signs, that should be performed by the providence of God.”(The Antiquities Of The Jews, 20:8:5-6)


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Apostasy(Mt. 24:11)

Many Warnings:

  • Ephesian Elders (Acts 20:28ff)

  • Colossians (Col. 2:8, 16ff)

  • Timothy(1 Tim. 4:1ff; 2 Tim. 3:1ff)

  • Titus(Tit. 1:10f)

  • Hebrews(Heb. 3:7ff; 6:4ff; 10:25ff)

  • Christians(2 Pet. 2:1ff)


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Apostasy(Mt. 24:11)

Many Examples:

  • Galatians(Gal. 1:6ff)

  • Hymenaeus and Alexander (1 Tim. 1:18ff)

  • Phygelus and Hermogenes (2 Tim. 1:15)

  • Hymenaeus and Philetus (2 Tim. 2:16ff)

  • Demas (2 Tim. 4:10)

  • Laodiceans (Rev. 3:14ff)


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Apathy(Mt. 24:12)

John: “14 And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write, ‘These things says the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God: 15“I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I could wish you were cold or hot. 16“So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will vomit you out of My mouth. 17“Because you say, ‘I am rich, have become wealthy, and have need of nothing’ -- and do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked” (Rev. 3:14-17)


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The Indefinite Sign

  • Mt. 24:14: And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.

  • Mk. 13:10: And the gospel must first be preached to all the nations.


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The World(Oikoumene)

BAGD: “...1. theinhabitedearth, theworld -- a. as such....b. world in the sense of its inhabitants, humankind.... 2. = the Roman Empire (which, in the exaggerated language commonly used in ref. to the emperors, was equal to the whole world.... a. as such.... b. its inhabitants.... 3. an extraordinary use...where oik. seems to mean thewholeworld (so far as living beings inhabit it, therefore the realm of spirits as well)....”(A Greek-English Lexicon Of The New Testament And Other Early Christian Literature, p. 561)


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“The Whole World”

  • Lk. 2:1: “1 And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered.”

  • Acts 11:28: “28 Then one of them, named Agabus, stood up and showed by the Spirit that there was going to be a great famine throughout all the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius Caesar.”


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The World

  • Acts 19:27: 27 So not only is this trade of ours in danger of falling into disrepute, but also the temple of the great goddess Diana may be despised and her magnificence destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worship.”

  • Acts 24:5: “5 For we have found this man a plague, a creator of dissension among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes.”


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“The End”

  • Samaria in 722 B.C. (Amos 8:1-3, 10)

  • Nineveh in 612 BC (Nah. 1:8-9)

  • Jerusalem in 586 B.C. (Ezek. 7:1-9; Hab. 2:2-3)

  • Babylon in 539 B.C. (Dan. 5:26)

  • Jewish persecution in 165/164 BC (Dan. 8:17, 19)

  • Kings of the North and South (Dan. 11:27, 35, 40; 12:4, 8-9, 13)

  • Jerusalem in A.D. 70 (Dan. 9:26; Mt. 24:3, 6, 13-14)


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The Gospel Preached In The Whole World

  • On Pentecost, the gospel was preached to Jews “from every nation under heaven” (Acts 2:5-11)

  • After the death of Stephen, early Christians went everywhere preaching the gospel (Acts 8:4)


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The Gospel Preached In The Whole World

  • The apostle Paul preached in:

    • Arabiaand Syria(Gal. 1:17)

    • Asia Minor(Acts 19:10, 26)

    • Macedonia(Acts 16:9-10)

    • Achaia(Acts 18:27-28; 20:1-2)

    • Illyricum(Rom. 15:19)

    • Rome(Phil. 1:13)

    • Perhaps even Spain(Rom. 15:24, 28)


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The Gospel Preached In The Whole World

Lars P. Qualben: “Tradition assigns the following fields to the various apostles and evangelists: Andrew is said to have labored in Scythia; hence the Russians worship him as their apostle. Philip spent his last years in Hierapolis in Phyrgia. Bartholomew is said to have brought the gospel according to Matthew into India. The tradition concerning Matthew is rather confused. He is said to have preached first to his own people, and afterward in foreign lands. James


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The Gospel Preached In The Whole World

Alphaeus is said to have worked in Egypt. Thaddeus is said to have been the missionary to Persia. Simon Zelotes is said to have worked in Egypt and in Britain; while another report connects him with Persia and Babylonia. The evangelist John Mark is said to have founded the Church in Alexandria.” (Emphasis added, History Of The Christian Church, quoted in J. Marcellus Kik, An Eschatology Of Victory, p. 100)


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The Gospel Preached In The Whole World

Paul: “5 because of the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, of which you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel, 6 which has come to you, as it has also in all the world, and is bringing forth fruit, as it is also among you since the day you heard and knew the grace of God in truth.... 23 if indeed you continue in the faith, grounded and steadfast, and are not moved away from the hope of the gospel which you heard, which was preached to every creature under heaven, of which I, Paul, became a minister.” (Col. 1:5-6, 23)


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Abomination Of Desolation(OT Background)

  • “Abomination” associated with idolatry (cf. 1 Ki. 11:5, 7; 21:26; 2 Ki. 16:3; 23:13; Jer. 4:1; 7:30; 13:27; 32:34; Ezek. 5:11; 8:9-10, 15-17)

  • “Abomination of desolation” found in Daniel

    • The Vision of the Seventy Weeks (Dan. 9:26-27)

    • The Prophecy of the Kings of the South and North (Dan. 11:31; 12:11)


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Mt. 24:15:

“15Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand),” (cf. Mk. 13:14)

Lk. 21:20:

“20 But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolationis near.”

Abomination Of Desolation(Parallel Passages)


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Flee To The Mountains(Mt. 24:16; Mk. 13:14; Lk. 21:21)

  • Those in Judaea were to flee (Mt. 24:16; Mk. 13:14; Lk. 21:21)

  • Those in the city were to depart and those in the country were not to enter the city(Lk. 21:21)

  • This was a judgment from which one could flee

NO APPLICATION TO MODERN TIMES


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The Days Of Vengeance(Lk. 21:22, 23-24)

  • “22For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. 23...For there will be great distress in the land and wrath upon this people. 24And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” (cf. Lk. 19:41-44)


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The Parenthetical Lament(Mt. 24:19; Mk. 13:17; Lk. 21:23-24)

  • Flight would be much more difficult for expectant mothers

  • The siege of Jerusalem would be a horrible thing for mothers with small children

  • Jesus predicted this when He made His Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem (Lk. 23:27-31)

  • Josephus confirmed this fact in his account of the siege


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“Pray...”(Mt. 24:20; Mk. 13:18)

  • Flight in Winter

    • Difficulty in traveldue to the rainy season

    • No food in the wayside fields and fruit trees

    • Less daylightdue to the shorter winter days

    • Perhaps snowin the higher elevations


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“Pray...”(Mt. 24:20; Mk. 13:18)

  • Flight On The Sabbath

    • A virtual shut down of the city(Jer. 17:21-22)

    • The locking of the city gates(Neh. 13:15-22)

    • No assistance from the Jewswho were observing the Sabbath


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“Pray...”(Mt. 24:20; Mk. 13:18)

  • Flight On The Sabbath

    • Danger from Jewish Zealots, because the Sabbath was being violated by those who fled the city

    • A hesitancy among Jewish Christiansto flee the city on the Sabbath, because of their respect for the Jewish law that restricted travel on that day (cf. Ex. 16:29; Acts 1:12)


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The Greatest King

  • Hezekiah (729-686 BC): “5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel, so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor who werebefore him.” (2 Ki. 18:5)

  • Josiah (640-609 BC): “25 Now before him there was no king like him, who turned to the LORD with all his heart, with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the Law of Moses; nor after him did any arise like him.” (2 Ki. 23:25)


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“Great Tribulation, Such As HathNot Been...Nor Ever Shall Be”

  • The Day of Jehovah (Joel 2:1-2)

  • The Destruction of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. (Jer. 30:7; Ezek. 5:8-9; Dan. 9:12)

  • The Desecration of the Temple in 168 B.C. (Dan. 12:1)

  • The Destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 (Mt. 24:21; Mk. 13:19)

  • The Judgment of the Seventh Seal (Rev. 16:18)


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“Those Days Will Be Shortened”(Mt. 24:22; Mk. 13:20)

  • Josephus: “It is God therefore, it is God himself who is bringing on this fire, to purge that city and temple by means of the Romans, and is going to pluck up this city, which is full of your pollutions.” (Wars, 6:2:1:[110])


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“Those Days Will Be Shortened”(Mt. 24:22; Mk. 13:20)

  • Titus: “We have certainly had God for our assistant in this war, and it was no other than God who ejected the Jews out of these fortifications, for what could the hands of men, or any machines, do toward overthrowing these towers?” (Wars, 6:9:1:[411])


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False Christ's & False Prophets(Mt. 24:24; Mk. 13:22)

Josephus: “A false prophet was the occasion of these people’s destruction, who had made a public proclamation in the city that very day, that God commanded them to get up upon the temple, and that there they should receive miraculous signs of their deliverance. Now, there was then a great number of false prophets suborned by the tyrants to impose upon the people, who denounced this to them, that they should wait for deliverance from God: and this was in order to keep them from deserting, and that they might be buoyed up above fear and care by such hopes.”(The Wars of the Jews, 6:5:2)


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The Great Supper Of God(Mt. 24:28)

  • Judah (Jer. 7:32-34; 12:9; 16:3-4, 9; 19:7-8; 34:20; Hab. 1:8)

  • Israel (Hos. 8:1)

  • Moab (Jer. 48:40)

  • Edom (Jer. 49:22)

  • Egypt (Ezek. 29:5; 32:3-6)

  • Gog (Ezek. 39:4, 17-20)

  • Jerusalem (Mt. 24:28; Lk. 17:37)

  • The army of the beast (Rev. 19:17-18, 21)


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Cataclysmic Astronomical Phenomena

  • Judgment onBabylon (Isa. 13:10, 13)

  • Judgment onEdom (Isa. 34:4)

  • Judgment on the Peoples (Isa. 51:6)

  • Judgment onJudah (Jer. 4:23-24, 28)

  • Judgment onEgypt (Ezek. 32:7-8)

  • Judgment onJudah (Joel 2:10, 31)


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Cataclysmic Astronomical Phenomena

  • Judgment onthe Nations (Joel 3:15-16)

  • Judgment onIsrael (Amos 8:9)

  • Judgment onJerusalem (Mt. 24:29; Mk. 13:24-25; Lk. 21:25-26)

  • Judgment of the Sixth Seal (Rev. 6:12-14; 16:20)


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Sign of the Son of Man(Mt. 24:30)

  • Jesus did not say:

    • “And then shall appear the Son of Man in heaven”

    • “And then shall appear the sign in the heaven(s) of the Son of man”

      • Note: The translation in the NASB, NIV, NKJV is misleading


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Sign of the Son of Man(Mt. 24:30)

  • Jesus did say:

    • Berry’s Interlinear: “And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in the heaven”

    • The phrase “in heaven” defines the locality of the Son of man, not the locality of the sign


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The “Comings” Of The Lord

  • Incarnation (Jn. 1:11; 2 Tim. 1:10; Heb. 9:26-28)

  • Giving of the Holy Spirit to the Apostles (Jn. 14:16-18, 28)

  • Indwelling of Deity (Jn. 14:23)

  • Coming in His Kingdom (Mt. 16:28; cf. Mk. 9:1)

  • Preaching of the Gospel to the Gentiles (Eph. 2:17)


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The “Comings” Of The Lord

  • Chastising or Blessing Churches (Rev. 2:5, 16, 25; 3:3, 11, 20; 16:15; 22:7, 12, 20)

  • Destruction of Jerusalem (Mt. 10:23; 24:27, 30; 26:64; Mk. 13:26; Lk. 21:27; Heb. 10:37; Jas. 5:8)

  • Judgment on the Beasts and Babylon (Rev. 1:7; 11:16-18; 14:14-20; 16:4-7; 19:1-2, 11-16, 19-21)

  • Final Coming (Acts 1:9-11; 1 Th. 3:11-13; 4:13-18; 2 Th. 1:6-10; 2:1-3; 1 Tim. 6:13-16)


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Coming On The Clouds

  • Judgment onEgypt (Isa. 19:1, 4; cf. Ezek. 30:1-5, 18-19; 32:7)

  • Judgment on Judah (Joel 2:1-2; Zeph. 1:14-16)

  • Judgment ontheearth (Isa. 26:20-21)

  • Judgment onJerusalem in 586 B.C. (Jer. 4:11-13; Ezek. 34:12-13)

  • Judgment onIsrael and Judah (Mic. 1:2-7)


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Coming On The Clouds

  • Judgment onthe fourth beast (Dan. 7:13-14, 21-22, 24-27)

  • Judgment onJerusalem in A.D. 70 (Mt. 24:27, 30; 26:64; Mk. 13:26; Mk. 14:62)

  • Judgment onthe ungodly (Jude 14-15)

  • Judgment onthe persecutors (Rev. 1:7; 14:14-20)

  • Final Judgment (Acts 1:9-11)


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Coming On The Clouds(Mt. 10:23; 16:28; 26:64)

  • Jesus lied

  • Jesus made a mistake

  • Some of Jesus’ contemporaries are still living

  • Jesus came figuratively and impersonally (in judgment)


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The Ingathering Of The Elect(Mt. 24:31; Mk. 13:27)

  • The language suggests the Second Coming

    • Angels (Mt. 13:39, 41-42, 49-50; 25:31; 2 Th. 1:7-10)

    • Trumpet (1 Th. 4:16; cf. 1 Cor. 15:51-52)

    • Gathering of the elect (1 Th. 4:13-18)


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The Ingathering Of The Elect

  • The language does notdemand the Second Coming

    • Angels (angelos) = messenger

      • Heavenly messengers [i.e. angels] (Jn. 1:51; Rom. 8:38; Heb. 12:28)

      • Human messengers (cf. Mt. 11:10; Mk. 1:2; Lk. 7:24, 27; 9:52; Jas. 2:25)


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The Ingathering Of The Elect

  • Trumpet

    • Associated with the return of the remnant from Babylonian Captivity (cf. Isa. 27:12-13)

  • Gatheringof the elect

    • OT language of blessing (cf. Dt. 30:3-4; Isa. 43:5-6; Jer. 32:37; Ezek. 34:13; 36:24)


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The Ingathering Of The Elect

  • Four winds

    • Universality (cf. Dt. 30:4; Psa. 22:27; Isa. 11:11-12; 27:12-13; 45:22; 56:8; Jer. 49:36; Ezek. 37:9; Zech. 2:6; Rev. 7:1)


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Mt. 24:30-31

30 …and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Lk. 21:27

27 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.

28 Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near.”

The Ingathering Of The Elect(Parallel Passages)


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The Surety Of The Signs(Mt. 24:32-35; Mk. 13:28-31; Lk. 21:29-33)

  • Parable of the Fig Tree (Mt. 24:32-33; Mk. 13:28-29; Lk. 21:29-31)

  • Time Of Fulfillment (Mt. 24:34; Mk. 13:30; Lk. 21:32)

  • Divine Seal Mt. 24:35; (Mk. 13:31; Lk. 21:33)


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Manifestation Of Kingdom

  • Lk. 21:31: So you also, when you see these things happening, know that the kingdom of God is near.

  • Rev. 12:10: Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, “Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down. (cf. Rev. 1:9)


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The Coming Of The Lord(First Interpretation)

  • Time Of The Second Coming (Mt. 24:36; Mk. 13:32)

  • Nature Of The Time Of The Second Coming (Mt. 24:37-41)

    • Like Days Of Noah

    • Great Separation

  • Instructions For Second Coming (Mt. 24:42-25:30)


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The Coming Of The Lord(First Interpretation)

  • Watch (Mt. 24:42)

    • Parable Of Thief (Mt. 24:43)

  • Be Ready (Mt. 24:44)

    • Parable Of Faithful Servant (Mt. 24:45-51; Mk. 13:34-37)

    • Parable Of Ten Virgins (Mt. 25:1-13)

    • Parable Of The Talents (Mt. 25:14-30)

  • Picture Of Final Judgment (Mt. 25:31-46)




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    The Coming Of The Lord(Second Interpretation)

    • Exact Time Of Jerusalem’s Destruction (Mt. 24:36; Mk. 13:32)

    • Nature Of The Time Of Jerusalem’s Destruction (Mt. 24:37-41)

      • Like Days Of Noah

      • Great Separation

    • Further Instructions In Light Of Jerusalem’s Destruction (Mt. 24:42-25:30)


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    The Coming Of The Lord(Second Interpretation)

    • Watch (Mt. 24:42)

      • Parable of Thief (Mt. 24:43)

    • Be Ready (Mt. 24:44)

      • Parable Of Faithful Servant (Mt. 24:45-51; Mk. 13:34-37)

      • Parable Of Ten Virgins (Mt. 25:1-13)

      • Parable Of The Talents (Mt. 25:14-30)

  • Picture Of Final Judgment (Mt. 25:31-46)


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    Luke 21:32-36

    32 Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all things take place. 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away. 34 “But take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts be weighed down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that Day come on you unexpectedly. 35 For it will come as a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth. 36 Watch therefore, and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.”




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    Same Figure - Different Meanings

    • Hiding your light under a bushel

      • Let your influence be seen (Mt. 5:15)

      • The purpose of parables is to reveal truth (Mk. 4:21)

      • The truth concerning the Christ is evident (Lk. 11:33)

    • The Leaven Of The Scribes And Pharisees

      • Their teaching (Mt. 16:6, 12; Mk. 8:15)

      • Their hypocrisy (Lk. 12:1)

    Gary Fisher


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    Same Figure - Different Meanings

    • To Him Who Has, More Will Be Given

      • The parables are a means of sifting (Mt. 13:12; Mk. 4:25; Lk. 8:18)

      • Judgment and unused opportunities (Mt. 25:29; Lk. 19:26)

    • With What Measure Ye Mete, It Shall Be Measured Unto You

      • Judging (Mt. 7:1-2)

      • Attention to God's word (Mk. 4:24-25)

      • Generosity (Lk. 6:37-38)

    Gary Fisher


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    Same Figure - Different Meanings

    • Settle With An Adversary Quickly

      • Reconciliation with men (Mt. 5:25-26)

      • Reconciliation with God (Lk. 12:58-59)

    • The Lamp Of The Body Is The Eye

      • Single-minded service (Mt. 6:22-23)

      • Failure to recognize Christ (Lk. 11:34-36)

    Gary Fisher


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    Same Figure - Different Meanings

    • A Slave Is Not Greater Than His Master

      • Students are not greater than their teachers (Lk. 6:40)

      • The necessity of humility (Jn. 13:16)

      • The inevitability of persecution (Mt. 10:24; Jn. 15:20)

    Gary Fisher


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    Same Figure - Different Meanings

    • What Is Covered Will Be Revealed

      • Do not hide your relationship with Christ (Mt. 10:26-27)

      • The purpose of parables is to reveal (Mk. 4:22; Lk. 8:17)

      • Sin will ultimately be revealed (Lk. 12:2-3)

    • The Tree Is Known By Its Fruit

      • Applied to teachers (Mt. 7:16-20)

      • Applied to blasphemers (Mt. 12:33)

      • Applied to hypocrites (Lk. 6:43-44)

    Gary Fisher


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    Same Figure - Different Meanings

    • The Salt Of The Earth

      • The importance of influence (Mt. 5:13)

      • Commitment (Mk. 9:50)

      • The importance of self-sacrifice (Lk. 14:34)

    Gary Fisher


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    The Basis Of My Interpretation

    • Jesus’ prophecy (Mt. 24:2) prompts the disciples’ questions (Mt. 24:3) which leads to Jesus’ discourse (Mt. 24:4ff)

    • In the NT, the expression “this generation” always refers to Jesus’ contemporary generation (Mt. 24:34)

    • Jesus said “all these things” would be fulfilled [not some, many, or most] (Mt. 24:34)


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    The Basis Of My Interpretation

    • The things that Jesus prophesies are inextricably connected together

    • The language that Jesus uses is consistent with the OT prophetic language of judgment

    • The language that Jesus uses does not have to refer to The Second Coming