Personal Protective Equipment
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Personal Protective Equipment Department of University Safety & Assurances www.safety.uwm.edu. Why PPE is Important. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is designed to prevent or lessen the severity of injuries to workers.

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Personal Protective Equipment

Department of University Safety & Assurances

www.safety.uwm.edu

US&A (v. 2/07)


Why PPE is Important

  • Personal protective equipment (PPE) is designed to prevent or lessen the severity of injuries to workers.

  • The employer must assess the workplace and determine what hazards may necessitate the use of PPE before assigning PPE to workers.

US&A (v. 2/07)


Topics of Discussion

  • What is Included?

    • Head

    • Eye

    • Face

    • Hearing

    • Respiratory Protection

    • Hands

    • Foot

    • Clothing

US&A (v. 2/07)


Head Protection

  • Hardhats

  • Helmets

US&A (v. 2/07)


How Hard Hats Protect You

  • Arigid shell that resists and deflects blows to the head; 

  • Suspension system inside acts as a shock absorber

  • Some hats serve as an insulator against  electrical shocks

  • Shields your scalp, face, neck, and shoulders against splashes, spills, and drips

  • Some can be modified so you can add face shields, goggles, hoods or hearing protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


Hardhat Inspection

  • Shells should be inspected for dents, cracks, gouges & any damage from impact, penetration, abrasions, rough treatment or wear.

  • Degradation of thermoplastic material may be apparent when the shell becomes stiff, brittle, faded, dull in color or chalky in appearance.

  • Replace at the first sign of any of these conditions

US&A (v. 2/07)


Eye & Face

Protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


PPE for Impact Hazards

  • Safety Glasses: Primary protectors intended to shield the eyes from a variety of impact hazards

  • Goggles: Primary protectors intended to shield the eyes against flying fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.

  • Face Shields: Secondary protectors intended to protect the entire face against exposure to impact hazards

US&A (v. 2/07)


Eyewear

  • Some models have molded-in side shields and brow-guard for extra protection above and around eyes

US&A (v. 2/07)


Eyes: Goggles and Glasses

  • Goggles

    • Chemical Splash

    • Impact

  • Safety glasses

US&A (v. 2/07)


Ventilated Goggles

  • Ventilated goggles allow air circulation while providing protection against airborne particles, dust, liquids or light. Available with either Direct or Indirect ventilation

  • Direct ventilation goggles:

    • Where strenuous work is done in hot conditions, 'direct ventilation' goggles may be more suitable. However these are unsuitable for protection against chemicals, gases and dust

US&A (v. 2/07)


Indirect Ventilation

  • Indirect ventilation Goggles:'Indirect ventilation' goggles are not perforated, but are fitted with baffled ventilators to prevent liquids and dust from entering. Indirect ventilation goggles will not protect against gas or vapor.

US&A (v. 2/07)


Non-Ventilated Goggles

  • Non-Ventilated Goggles:

    • Do not allow the passage of air into the goggle

    • Prevent splash entry

    • May fog and require frequent lens cleaning

US&A (v. 2/07)


Faceshields

  • DO NOT use any faceshield unless you also wear suitable primary eye protection devices (spectacles or goggles).

  • Faceshields are heavier & bulkier than other types of eye protector but are comfortable if fitted with an adjustable head harness.

  • Faceshields protect the face but do not fully enclose the eyes and therefore do not protect against dusts, mist or gases

    • Transparent face shields must be replaced when warped, scratched or brittle with age

US&A (v. 2/07)


An Eye Saved by Safety Glasses

  • While applying siding with an air powered staple gun, a staple hit a metal plate behind the siding, ricocheted back and one leg of the staple penetrated the wearer’s safety glasses' lens

US&A (v. 2/07)


Hearing

Protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


EPA and ANSI

  • EPA is responsible for determining adequacy of hearing protector attenuation (NRR).

  • EPA adopts ANSI’s protocol for making the determination

  • ANSI has issued a new protocol for the labeling regulation for hearing protectors that has yet to be adopted by EPA

  • EPA is collecting information on revising their labeling regulation

US&A (v. 2/07)


Hearing Protection

  • Ear plugs

  • Ear muffs

  • Audiometric testing

  • More information provided in training on hearing conservation

US&A (v. 2/07)


Respiratory

Protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


Respirators

  • A hazardous task assessment may be done to determine if you need to wear a respirator

  • If you are required to wear a respirator you will be included in our respiratory protection program

  • You must be medically cleared to wear a respirator

US&A (v. 2/07)


Respirator Selection

US&A (v. 2/07)


Respirators

  • In addition to the initial fit-test, wearers must check the seal of their respirators every time they put them on

  • User seal checks are necessary to ensure that the respirator has been put on correctly

US&A (v. 2/07)


Dust Masks

  • Only suitable for

    non-hazardous,

    non-respirable nuisance dusts.

  • If your employer provides respirators for your voluntary use, or if you provide your own respirator, you need to take certain precautions to be sure that the respirator itself does not present a hazard.

US&A (v. 2/07)


Respirator Ratings

Many different types available

  • “N” if they are notresistant to oil

  • “R” if somewhat resistant to oil, and

  • “P” if strongly resistant (oil proof).

US&A (v. 2/07)


Hood Respirators

Helmet or hood respirators can be effective in protecting workers with facial hair, or in other applications where conventional respirators do not provide adequate fit, comfort or protection.

HEPA filtered powered air purifying respirator (PAPR)

US&A (v. 2/07)


Hand

Protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


Why It’s Important

  • It has been estimated that almost 20% of all disabling accidents on the job involve the hands

  • Some examples of traumatic injuries to your hands: 

    • Cuts: Tools and machines with a sharp edges

    • Punctures: Staples, screwdrivers, nails, chisels and stiff  wire

    • Sprains, Crushing Injuries: Getting your hands caught in machinery

US&A (v. 2/07)


Hand Protection

  • Gloves

    • Cotton

    • Leather

    • Latex

    • Viton

    • Butyl

    • Neoprene

    • PVC

    • Nitrile

    • Other

US&A (v. 2/07)


Disposable Vinyl

  • Deliver comfort, flexibility, sensitivity

  • Translucent white, 5-mil vinyl

  • Non-allergenic alternative to latex

  • Lightly-powdered or powder-free

US&A (v. 2/07)


Coated Gloves

  • Provide cut, puncture and abrasion-resistance

  • Latex coating on palm, fingertips and thumb

  • Crinkle finish for superior grip in wet and dry applications

US&A (v. 2/07)


Coated Gloves

  • Tacky nitrile coating for sure grip

  • Light nylon shell for dexterity

  • Offers better fit and grip than uncoated cotton or string knit gloves

US&A (v. 2/07)


Reusable Latex

  • Versatile, reusable Latex

  • 18-mil, 100% natural latex – excellent tensile strength and sensitivity; good grip

  • Resists detergents, acids, salts, caustics, fats and alcohol

  • Cotton lining for ease of donning

  • 12” length protects wrists and forearm

US&A (v. 2/07)


Disposable Latex

  • Strong, comfortable and economical

  • Textured fingertips for secure grip

  • Available lightly powdered or powder-free

US&A (v. 2/07)


Latex + Neoprene

  • Comfort of latex plus the chemical protection of neoprene

  • Provides excellent chemical resistance against acids, oils, grease, salts, animal fats and battery acid

  • Resist puncture, tears and abrasion

  • Ideal for auto and battery manufacturing, chemical plants, cleaning printing presses and wiping down machinery

US&A (v. 2/07)


Butyl

  • Offers greater resistance to gas and water vapors than Neoprene

  • Provides greater safety when handling toxic substances like ketones, esters, etc

US&A (v. 2/07)


PVC/Nitrile Gloves

  • Gloves are PVC with nitrile-reinforced coating

  • Textured to improve wet grip

  • Cotton interlock liner for comfort

US&A (v. 2/07)


Reusable Nitrile

  • Excellent resistance to a variety of solvents and petroleum products

  • Resist most liquids

  • Resist cuts, snags, punctures, swelling and degradation by organic solvents and hydrocarbons

US&A (v. 2/07)


Glove Selection

Be sure you know which glove is appropriate for the chemical you are using

US&A (v. 2/07)


Foot

Protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


Why It’s Important

  • Compression Injuries Heavy machinery, equipment, and other objects can roll over your feet. The result of these types of accidents is often broken or crushed bones.

  • Injuries from Spills and Splashes Liquids such as acids, caustics, and molten metals can spill into your shoes and boots. These hazardous materials can cause chemical and heat burns.

US&A (v. 2/07)


Foot Protection

What kind of shoe should electricians wear?

  • Shoes with non-conductive soles meeting the requirements of ANSI Z41 PT9l (M/F) I-75 C-75 EH.  "EH" represents the "electrical hazard" designation.

US&A (v. 2/07)


Types of Foot Protection

  • Work shoes

  • Boots

  • Steel-toed shoes & boots

US&A (v. 2/07)


Foot Protection

  • Other options in steel-toed shoes

US&A (v. 2/07)


Protective Clothing and Vests

  • Uniforms

  • Disposable clothing

  • Vests

    • Cooling

    • Visibility

  • Cold weather protection

US&A (v. 2/07)


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