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North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. Introduction to NATO. Introduction to NATO. NATO Public Diplomacy Division. NATO today?. Cold War static warfare – nuclear deterrence. End Cold War partnerships – crisis management. September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks

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North atlantic treaty organisation l.jpg

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

Introduction to NATO

Introduction to NATO

NATO Public Diplomacy Division


Nato today l.jpg

NATO today?

  • Cold War

    static warfare – nuclear deterrence

  • End Cold War

    partnerships – crisis management

  • September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks

    combating new threats – force projection out-of-area


Nato today3 l.jpg

NATO today?

  • political or military?

  • political or military?

COLLECTIVE

  • defensive or pre-emptive action?

  • defensive or pre-emptive action?

DEFENCE

  • North Atlantic, Euro-Atlantic or global?

  • north atlantic, euro-atlantic or global?


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NATO - Overview

What is NATO?

What does NATO do?

How does NATO work?


What is nato l.jpg

What is NATO?

1.

A political & military organisation

2.

Member countries

3.

Sharing common values

4.

The principle of collective defence

5.

A broad definition of security

6.

Maintaining the transatlantic link

OVERVIEW


A political military organisation l.jpg

A political & military organisation

A political organisation

reinforcing security by reducing the risk of conflict

DIPLOMACY

DIALOGUE /

CONSENSUS

COOPERATION

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


A political military organisation7 l.jpg

A political & military organisation

COLLECTIVEDEFENCE

CRISIS MANAGEMENT

OPERATIONS

MAINTAINING

ADEQUATE MILITARY

CAPABILITIES

A military organisation

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


Member countries l.jpg

Member countries

26

Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland,

Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,

Portugal, United Kingdom, United States

1949

1952Greece, Turkey

1952

1955Germany

1955

1982Spain

1982

1999Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland

1999

Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia

2004

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


Sharing common values l.jpg

Sharing common values

freedom

common heritage

rule of law

individual liberty

democracy

solidarity

peace and stability

well-being

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


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The principle of collective defence

An armed attack against one or more members is

considered as an attack against all

The right to self-defence – Article 51 UN Charter

Article 5 - Washington Treaty

No geographic limitation – foreign ministers

at Reykjavik, May 2002

Operate when & where necessary to fight

terrorism

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


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A broad definition of security

  • Political

    • Economic

      • Social

        • Environmental

          • Military

The Alliance’s Strategic Concept (1999)

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


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The transatlantic link

Linking North America and Europe

A unique security partnership

+ forum for strategic security discussions

WHAT IS NATO?

OVERVIEW


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What does NATO do?

Protects people

1.

2.

Welcomes new members

1.

3.

Forges partnerships

4.

Builds peace and stability

5.

Combats new threats

OVERVIEW


Protecting people l.jpg

Protecting people

Stimulates consultation

Promotes dialogue and cooperation

Prevents conflicts through diplomacy

Helps to rebuild post-conflict areas

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Welcoming new members

Article 10 Washington Treaty

« The Parties may, by unanimous agreement, invite

any other European State in a position to further the

principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security

of the North Atlantic area to accede to this Treaty. […] »

NATO’sopen door policy

an ongoing process

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Membership Action Plan

Currently: Albania, Croatia,

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*

  • Programme to help aspiring partner countries meet:

NATO STANDARDS

PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE FUTURE

MEMBERSHIP

* Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name

NEW MEMBERS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Forging partnerships

Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council

Partnership for Peace programme

NATO-Russia relations

NATO-Ukraine relations

Mediterranean Dialogue

Istanbul Cooperation Initiative

Working with other international organisations

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council

  • A MULTILATERAL FORUM -46

26 members + 20 partners

  • EAPC ACTIONPLAN

regional issues, arms control, terrorism,

peacekeeping, science, etc.

Created in 1997 – successor to the North Atlantic

Cooperation Council (1991)

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Partnership for Peace

  • 20 Partners

Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Croatia,

Finland, Georgia, Ireland, Kazakhstan, Kyrghyz Republic,

Moldova, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan,

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*,

Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

  • Established in 1994

*Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Partnership for Peace

  • Practical cooperation

  • Planning & Review Process

  • Individual Partnership Programmes

  • Individual Partnership Action Plans

  • Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism

  • Partnership for Peace Trust Funds

  • Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution Building

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO-Russia relations

  • « Founding Act on Mutual Relations,

    Cooperation and Security between NATO

    and the Russian Federation » (1997)

« 

  • Practical cooperation

  • NATO-Russia Council (2002)

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO-Ukraine relations

  • « NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive

    Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty

    Organisation and Ukraine » (1997)

« 

  • Practical cooperation

  • NATO-Ukraine Commission (1997)

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Mediterranean Dialogue

  • Initiated 1994 - currently seven participants

  • The Mediterranean Cooperation Group

  • Annual work programmes

Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Mauritania, Tunisia

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Istanbul Cooperation Initiative

  • Initiated 2004 - currently four participants

  • The Istanbul Cooperation Initiative Group

  • Annual work programmes

Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirats

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Other international organisations

  • United Nations

  • Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

  • Council of Europe

  • Non-governmental organisations

  • European Union

PARTNERSHIPS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Building peace and stability

Civil emergency planning

Crisis management operations and missions

Afghanistan

Kosovo

Iraq

Darfur (Sudan)

previous Balkan operations

Refugee crises

forest fires

floods

earthquakes, etc.

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Crisis management operations

  • NON-ARTICLE5

  • ASSISTANCE TO PARTNERS

e.g., NATO operations in the Balkans

e.g., the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*

  • ARTICLE 5

Assistance to United States - 2001

* Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Civil Emergency Planning

  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Capability

  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Capability

  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response

    Coordination Center – NATO HQ

  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response

    Coordination Center – NATO HQ

2. Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit

A deployable unit

2.Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit

A deployable unit

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Combating new threats

Developing military capabilities

Action against terrorism

smaller, more flexible & mobile forces

Operation Active Endeavour, Operation Eagle Assist etc.

Developing military capabilities

Fighting spread of weapons of mass

destruction and their means of delivery

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Developing military capabilities

  • Prague Capabilities Commitment (2002)

    Defence Capabilities Initiative (1999)

  • NATO Response Force (NRF)

  • Reforming the military command structure

  • Reform of the defence planning process

  • Allied Ground Surveillance planning process

  • Missile defence

NEW THREATS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Fighting terrorism

  • International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

  • Operation Active Endeavour

  • Military concept for defence against terrorism

  • Partnership Action Plan against terrorism

  • Terrorist Threat Intelligence Unit

  • Operation Eagle Assist (2001-2002)

  • AWACS surveillance missions

NEW THREATS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Weapons of mass destruction

  • Weapons of Mass Destruction Initiative

  • Weapons of Mass Destruction Centre

(1999 Washington Summit)

(located at NATO HQ since 2000)

  • NATO multinational Chemical, Biological,

    Radiological, Nuclear (CBRN) defence

    Battalion (2004)

NEW THREATS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


How does nato work l.jpg

How does NATO work?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

z

1.

Consensus decision-making

2.

Civil and military structure

3.

Delegations

4.

Main bodies

5.

NATO Secretary General

6.

International Staff

International Military Staff

7.

8.

Military command structure

9.

Agencies

10.

Paying for NATO

OVERVIEW


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Consensus decision-making

An inter-

governmental

organisation

where decisions are

taken jointly by each

member country

Principle of

consensus

applied at

every

committee

level

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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Civil and military structure

National Authorities

Military Representatives

to NATO

Permanent Representatives

(Ambassadors to NATO)

North Atlantic

Council (NAC)

Defence Planning

Committee (DPC)

Nuclear Planning

Group (NPG)

Military Committee

(MC)

Committees

subordinate to the

Council, DPC and NPG

Secretary General

International Military Staff

Strategic Commands

International Staff

Allied Command

Operations

Allied Command

Transformation

Integrated Military Command Structure

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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Delegations

A national delegation per member country

NATO HQ, Brussels

Status of an Embassy

Headed by an Ambassador or  

Permanent Representative 

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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Main bodies

North Atlantic Council

Defence Planning Committee

Nuclear Planning Group

Military Committee

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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NATO Secretary General

Chairman of NATO’s senior committees

and decision facilitator

Spokesman

Head of International Staff

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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International Staff

Advisory and administrative body

Supports work of Delegations

Divided into divisions

Staffed by nationals from member countries

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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International Staff

Executive

Management

Division

Council Secretariat

NATO Office of

Security

Office of

the Financial

Controller

Secretary

General

Deputy Secretary

General

Civil & Military

Budget Committees

Senior Resource

Board

International Board

of Auditors

Political Affairs

and

Security Policy

Division

Defence Policy

and Planning

Division

Operations

Division

Defence

Investment

Division

Public

Diplomacy

Division

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


Slide41 l.jpg

International Military Staff

Financial Controller

Financial Controller

Public Information

Advisor

Public Information

Advisor

Director (DIMS)

Executive

Coordinator

Director (DIMS)

Executive

Coordinator

Legal Officer

Legal Officer

Personnel

Personnel

Support Activities

Support Activities

SITCEN

SITCEN

Intelligence

Division

Intelligence

Division

Operations

Division

Operations

Division

Plans

& Policy

Division

Plans

& Policy

Division

Cooperation

& Regional

Security

Division

Cooperation

& Regional

Security

Division

Logistics

Armaments &

Resources

Division

Logistics

Armaments &

Resources

Division

NHQC3S*

NHQC3S*

*The NATO HQ Consultation, Command & Control (3C) Staff

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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Military command structure

Allied Command Operations (ACO)

Allied Command Transformation (ACT)

NATO OPERATIONS

ALLIANCE TRANSFORMATION

Developing military capabilities

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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Allied Command Operations (ACO)

ACO

SHAPE

Mons, Belgium

JFC HQ Brunssum

The Netherlands

JFC HQ Brunssum

The Netherlands

Joint HQ Lisbon

Portugal

Joint HQ Lisbon

Portugal

JFC HQ Naples

Italy

JFC HQ Naples

Italy

CC-Air HQ

Ramstein

Germany

CC-Air HQ

Ramstein

Germany

CC-Mar HQ

Northwood

UK

CC-Mar HQ

Northwood

UK

CC-Land HQ

Heidelberg

Germany

CC-Land HQ

Heidelberg

Germany

CC-Air HQ

Izmir

Turkey

CC-Air HQ

Izmir

Turkey

CC-Mar HQ

Naples

Italy

CC-Mar HQ

Naples

Italy

CC-Land HQ

Madrid

Spain

CC-Land HQ

Madrid

Spain

CAOC-3

P.Renatico

Italy

CAOC-3

P.Renatico

Italy

CAOC-1

Uedem

Germany

CAOC-1

Uedem

Germany

DCAOC

P.Renatico

Italy

DCAOC

P.Renatico

Italy

DCAOC

Uedem

Germany

DCAOC

Uedem

Germany

CAOC-2

Finderup

Denmark

CAOC-2

Finderup

Denmark

CAOC-4

Larissa

Greece

CAOC-4

Larissa

Greece

Commander

USEUCOM

Dual-

hatted

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MILIT. COMMAND STRUCTURE

OVERVIEW


Slide44 l.jpg

Allied Command Transformation (ACT)

ACT

Norfolk, USA

USJFCOM

Strategic Concepts

Policy &

Requirements

Identification

Joint Concept

Development

Future Capabilities

Research &

Technology

Education &

Training

Multi/ National

Centres of

Excellence

NATO

Agencies/

Bodies

ACT Staff Element

Mons, Belgium

Joint Warfare Centre

Stavanger, Norway

Undersea Research

Centre

La Spezia, Italy

NATO Defense

College

Rome, Italy

Capabilities

Planning &

Implementation

Joint Force

Training Centre

Bydgoszcz, Poland

NATO School

Oberammergau,

Germany

Joint Analysis

and

Lessons Learned

Centre

Monsanto, Portugal

NATO

Communications

& Information

System School

Latina, Italy

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

NATO Maritime

Interdiction

Operational

Training Centre

Souda Bay, Greece

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MILIT. COMMAND STRUCTURE

OVERVIEW


Slide45 l.jpg

Reform of the military command structure

Three tiers command:

STRATEGIC LEVEL - from geographical to

functional division of responsibilities

OPERATIONAL LEVEL - from seven to five HQ

TACTICAL OR COMPONENT - from 13 to six HQ

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MILIT. COMMAND STRUCTURE

OVERVIEW


Slide46 l.jpg

Agencies

Production and logistics

Standardisation

Communications

Research

Other agencies and organisations

Project offices

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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Paying for NATO

Indirect contributions

Direct contributions

principle of common funding

- Civil budget

- Military budget

- NATO’s Security Investment programme

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

OVERVIEW


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The Alliance’s Strategic Concept

First published in 1991

& revised in 1999

tra

Official document outlining

- purpose & tasks of the Alliance

- strategic perspectives

- Alliance approach to security in 21st century

- guidelines for Alliance forces

Official document outlining:

- purpose & tasks of the Alliance

- strategic perspectives

- Alliance approach to security in 21st century

- guidelines for Alliance forces

First published in 1991

& revised in 1999

WHAT IS NATO?

A BROAD DEFINITION OF SECURITY

OVERVIEW


Slide49 l.jpg

Practical cooperation

Demining

Modernisation of armed forces

Modernisation of armed forces

Modernisation of armed forces

tra

Defence reform

Defence reform

Demining

Modernisation of armed forces

Modernisation of armed forces

Flood prevention

Water management

Etc.

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Planning & Review Process

  • Identifies & evaluates forces & capabilities for multinational

    • training

      • exercises

        • operations

          … conducted with NATO forces

tra

  • Identifies & evaluates forces & capabilities for multinational

    • training

      • exercises

        • operations

          … conducted with NATO forces

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Individual Partnership Programmes

tra

Two-year programmes

Defence reform

Activities drawn from Partnership Work Programme

Activities drawn from Partnership Work Programme

Activities

- defence policy & planning

- civil-military relations

- education & training

- air defence

- communications & information systems

- crisis management

- civil emergency planning, etc.

Activities:

- defence policy & planning

- civil-military relations

- education & training

- air defence

- communications & information systems

- crisis management

- civil emergency planning…

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Individual Partnership Action Plans

Two-year plans

So far, Armenia, Azerbaijan,

Georgia, Uzbekistan

tra

Opportunity for deeper bilateral relations with NATO

Specific advice on defence & security

Assistance with domestic reforms

Consultations on sensitive issues

Opportunity for deeper bilateral relations with NATO

Specific advice on defence & security

Assistance with domestic reforms

Consultations on sensitive issues

Two-year plans

Launched at Prague Summit

Nov. 2002

Launched at Prague Summit – Nov. 2002

So far, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?

PFP

PARTNERSHIPS

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism

  • Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on terrorism

    - improved intelligence-sharing

    - cooperation in border security

    - training & exercises

    - development of capabilities

    - supports destruction of surplus munitions & small arms & light weapons

tra

  • Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on terrorism

    - improved intelligence-sharing

    - cooperation in border security

    - training & exercises

    - development of capabilities

    - supports destruction of surplus -- munitions & small arms & light weapons

Defines partnership roles + instruments to fight terrorism

Launched at Prague Summit – Nov. 2002

Launched at Prague Summit

November 2002

So far, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?

PFP

PARTNERSHIPS

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Partnership for Peace Trust Funds

Voluntary projects led by a NATO & Partner country

Assist in safe destruction of:

- stock-piled anti-personnel mines

- other stock-piled munitions

Modernisation of armed forces

tra

Voluntary projects led by a NATO & Partner country

Assist in safe destruction of:

- stock-piled anti-personnel mines

- other stock-piled munitions

Albania, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine …

Modernisation of armed forces

Established in 2000

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


Slide55 l.jpg

Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution Building

Help implement reform & restructuring of defence institutions to meet domestic & international needs

- define common objectives

- exchange information

- help tailor bilateral defence assistance - - programmes

Objectives include

- democratic control of defence activities

- civilian participation in developing security policy

- transparent oversight of defence sector etc

  • Launched at Istanbul Summit

    June 2004

tra

Help implement reform & restructuring of defence institutions to meet domestic & international needs

- define common objectives

- exchange information

- help tailor bilateral defence assistance -- programmes

Objectives include

- democratic control of defence activities

- civilian participation in developing security policy

- transparent oversight of defence sector, etc

  • Launched at Istanbul Summit

    June 2004

  • Launched at Istanbul Summit

    June 2004

PARTNERSHIPS

PFP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO-Russia Council

  • Launched at Istanbul Summit

    June 2004

  • Launched at Rome Summit

    May 2002

  • Launched at Istanbul Summit

    June 2004

tra

NATO at 27 – equal partners

Defence reform

Consultation on

- struggle against terrorism

- crisis management

- non-proliferation

- arms control & confidence-building measures

- theatre missile defence

- search & rescue at sea

- military-to-military cooperation & defence reform

- civil emergencies

- new threats & challenges

Consultation on:

- struggle against terrorism

- crisis management

- non-proliferation

- arms control & confidence-building measures

- theatre missile defence

- search & rescue at sea

- military-to-military cooperation & defence reform

- civil emergencies

- new threats & challenges

PARTNERSHIPS

NATO-RUSSIA

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO-Russia Founding Act

The Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation & Security between NATO and the Russian Federation (1997)

- « NATO and Russia do not consider each - other as adversaries”

- wide agenda of topics for cooperation

- establishes the NATO-Russia Permanent - Joint Council

tra

The Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation & Security between NATO and the Russian Federation (1997)

- « NATO and Russia do not consider - each other as adversaries »

- wide agenda of topics for cooperation

- establishes the NATO-Russia - Permanent Joint Council

PARTNERSHIPS

NATO-RUSSIA

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


Slide58 l.jpg

NATO-Russia practical cooperation

Cooperation on:

- struggle against terrorism

- crisis management

- non-proliferation

- arms control & confidence-building measures

- theatre missile defence

- search & rescue at sea

- military-to-military cooperation & defence reform

- civil emergencies

- new threats & challenges

tra

Cooperation on

- struggle against terrorism

- crisis management

- non-proliferation

- arms control & confidence-building measures

- theatre missile defence

- search & rescue at sea

- military-to-military cooperation & defence reform

- civil emergencies

- new threats & challenges

PARTNERSHIPS

NATO-RUSSIA

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO-Ukraine Commission

Demining

tra

Discusses issues of common interest

Defence reform

Adopts NATO-Ukraine Action Plans

Established by the « NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Ukraine » (1997)

Established by the « NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Ukraine » (1997)

PARTNERSHIPS

NATO-UKRAINE

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


Slide60 l.jpg

NATO-Ukraine Charter

« NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Ukraine » (1997)

tra

« NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

and Ukraine » (1997)

Reaffirms NATO support for Ukrainian

sovereignty – independence

territorial integrity – democratic development

economic prosperity

status as a non-nuclear weapons state

Reaffirms NATO support for Ukrainian

sovereignty – independence

territorial integrity – democratic development

economic prosperity

status as a non-nuclear weapons state

PARTNERSHIPS

NATO-UKRAINE

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


Slide61 l.jpg

NATO-Ukraine practical cooperation

tra

Defence reform

Civil-military relations

Civil emergency planning

Peacekeeping

Military exercises

Science

etc.

Defence reform

Civil-military relations

Civil emergency planning

Peace-keeping

Military exercises

Science

PARTNERSHIPS

NATO-UKRAINE

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


Nato eu relations l.jpg

NATO-EU relations

tra

1994: European Security & Defence Identity

1994: Combined Joint Task Force concept

2001: beginning institutionalised relations

2003: Berlin Plus Package

 basis for practical cooperation in crisismanagement

1994: European Security & Defence Identity

1994: Combined Joint Task Force concept

2001: beginning institutionalised relations

2003: Berlin Plus Package

 basis for practical cooperation in crisismanagement

PARTNERSHIPS

OTHERS

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO in Afghanistan

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International Security Assistance Force ISAF – NATO-led since Aug. 2003

Establish secure environment in Kabul & provinces under UN mandate

Provincial Reconstruction Teams

PRTs – late 2003

Provide security for aid workers – help reconstruction work in provinces

International Security Assistance Force ISAF

Establish secure environment in Kabul & provinces under UN mandate

Provincial Reconstruction Teams

PRTs

Provide security for aid workers – help reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO in Kosovo

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NATO-led multinational peacekeeping force

KFOR - June 1999

UN Security Council Resolution 1244

June 1999

NATO air campaign against Serb forces

Operation Allied Force

24 March – 10 June 1999

International Security Assistance Force ISAF

Establish secure environment in Kabul & provinces under UN mandate

Provincial Reconstruction Teams

PRTs

Provide security for aid workers – help reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO in Iraq

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NATO TRAINING MISSION – IRAQ

trains personnel from Iraqi security forces

& coordinates offers of equipment and

training from individual NATO and partner

Countries - 2004

NATO TRAINING MISSION – IRAQ

trains personnel from Iraqi security forces

& coordinates offers of equipment and

training from individual NATO and partner

Countries

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO in Darfur

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Logistical support provided to African Union Mission in Sudan June 2005

Members agree to support the expansion of the African Union Mission in Sudan by providing:

- strategic airlift

- training

Logistical support provided to African Union Mission in Sudan June 2005:

Members agree to support the expansion of the African Union Mission in Sudan by providing:

- strategic airlift

- training

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Previous Balkan operations

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NATO-led implementation force

IFOR (1995)– UNSCR 1031

NATO-led stabilisation force

SFOR (1996-2004) – UNSCR 1088

Succeeded by EU-led Operation

Althea - December 2004

International Security Assistance Force ISAF

Establish secure environment in Kabul & provinces under UN mandate

Provincial Reconstruction Teams

PRTs

Provide security for aid workers – help reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE & STABILITY

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre

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  • Role

  • Coordinate responses to disasters, in consultation with UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

  • Focal point for informationsharing

  • Maintain liaison with UN-OCHA, EU

    & other organisations

  • Origins:

    established in 1998 on initiative of Russia

International Security Assistance Force ISAF

Establish secure environment in Kabul & provinces under UN mandate

Provincial Reconstruction Teams

PRTs

Provide security for aid workers – help reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE & STABILITY

CEP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit

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Non-standing, multinational mix of national civil & military elements volunteered by members & partners

Deployed in case of major natural or technological disaster

Size & composition determined by each particular disaster

PEACE & STABILITY

CEP

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Prague Capabilities Commitment

Improve capabilities in 400+ areas covering eight fields:

- Chemical, biological, radiological & nuclear - defence

- intelligence, surveillance & target acquisition

- air-to-ground surveillance

- command, control & communications

- combat effectiveness

- strategic air & sea lift

- air-to-air refuelling

- deployable combat support & combat - service support units

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Improve capabilities in 400+ areas covering eight fields

- Chemical, biological, radiological & nuclear - defence

- intelligence, surveillance & target acquisition

- air-to-ground surveillance

- command, control & communications

- combat effectiveness

- strategic air & sea lift

- air-to-air refuelling

- deployable combat support & combat - service support units

NEW THREATS

CAPABILITIES

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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NATO Response Force (NRF)

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Multinational joint force held at

high-readiness

Deployable after five days’ notice & sustainable for 30 days & more if re-supplied

Article 5 & non-Article 5 missions

NEW THREATS

CAPABILITIES

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Military command structure - Reform

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Three tiers command:

-strategic level: change from geographical

to functional division of responsibilities

-operational level: from seven to five HQ

-tactical or component: from 13to six HQ

NEW THREATS

CAPABILITIES

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Reform of the defence planning process

Aim: to be more flexible, responsive & coordinated

Defence planning process - definition: an instrument to ensure that members generate the necessary capabilities to fulfil NATO missions

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NEW THREATS

CAPABILITIES

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Allied Ground Surveillance

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Airborne, stand-off ground surveillance system (AGS)

Multinational cooperative effort

Detect & track vehicles moving on or near the ground

Development study with Transatlantic Industrial Proposed Solution (TIPS)

Airborne, stand-off ground surveillance system (AGS)

Multinational cooperative effort

Detect & track vehicles moving on or near the ground

Development study with Transatlantic Industrial Proposed Solution (TIPS)

NEW THREATS

CAPABILITIES

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Missile defence

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Programme launched for an Alliance Theatre Missile Defence (TMD) system

Protect troops or territory against

short & medium-range ballistic & cruise missiles, aircraft, UAVs & other threats

Multi-layered system of low & high altitude defence

battle management command & control, early warning radar, various interceptors, etc

NEW THREATS

CAPABILITIES

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

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Help establish secure environment in Kabul & provinces under UN mandate

Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs)

 Provide security for aid workers

Reconstruction work in provinces

Operate parts of Kabul International Airport

NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Operation Active Endeavour

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Maritime operation launched October 2001

Patrol & monitor Eastern Mediterranean

Since March 2003, escort merchant shipping through Straits of Gibraltar

Since March 2004, extended to whole Mediterranean

Maritime operation launched October 2001

Patrol & monitor Eastern Mediterranean

Since March 2003, escort merchant shipping through Straits of Gibraltar

Since March 2004, extended to whole Mediterranean

NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Military concept for defence against terrorism

Underlines NATO’s readiness to:

- act against terrorist attacks

- provide assistance in dealing with consequences of attacks

- support EU & other international organisations or coalitions

-deploy forces as & where required to carry out such missions

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NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism

  • Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on terrorism

    - improved intelligence-sharing

    - cooperation in border security

    - training & exercises

    - development of capabilities

    - supports destruction of surplus munitions & small arms & light weapons

So far, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan

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  • Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on terrorism

    - improved intelligence-sharing

    - cooperation in border security

    - training & exercises

    - development of capabilities

    - supports destruction of surplus -- munitions & small arms & light weapons

Defines partnership roles + instruments to fight terrorism

Launched at Prague Summit – Nov. 2002

Launched at Prague Summit

November 2002

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?

PFP

PARTNERSHIPS

NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Terrorist Threat Intelligence Unit

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Analyses general terrorist threats & those more specifically aimed at NATO

Successor to Temporary Terrorist Threat Cell created after 9/11 – permanent since end 2003

NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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Operation Eagle Assist

AWACS help protect US homeland after 9/11

Approx. 4300 hours over 360operational sorties

Mid-October 2001 to mid-May 2002

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NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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AWACS surveillance missions

Support for major public events

-Olympic Games

-Euro 2004

-Royal Wedding of Crown Prince Felipe

-Summit meetings of other international

-organisations etc.

Commonly owned airborne surveillance, warning & command capability

Conduct broad range of missions (air surveillance, air support & reconnaissance …)

Asset for crisis management operations

  • Commonly owned airborne

    surveillance, warning & command

    capability

    Broad range of missions (air surveillance, support & reconnaissance …)

    Asset for crisis management operations

  • Support for major public events

    • Olympic Games

    • Euro 2004

    • Summit meeting of other

      international organisations, etc.

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NEW THREATS

TERRORISM

OVERVIEW

WHAT DOES NATO DO?


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North Atlantic Council

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Key political decision-making body

Forum to discuss policy and operational questions

Chaired by Secretary General

Meets at different levels

Established by Article 9 Washington Treaty

Authority to set up subsidiary bodies

Key political decision making body

Forum to discuss policy and operational questions

Chaired by Secretary General

Meets at different levels

Established by Article 9 Washington Treaty

Authority to set up subsidiary bodies

OVERVIEW

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MAIN BODIES


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Defence Planning Committee

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Ultimate authority with regard to

integrated military structure

Provides guidance to NATO’s military authorities

Oversees force planning process

All members except for France

Chaired by NATO Secretary General

Meets at all levels

Ultimate authority with regard to

integrated military structure

Provides guidance to NATO’s military authorities

Oversees force planning process

All members except for France

Chaired by NATO Secretary General

Meets at all levels

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MAIN BODIES

OVERVIEW


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Nuclear Planning Group

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Ultimate authority with regard to

nuclear policy issues

Reviews the Alliance’s nuclear policy

in the light of changing security environment

All members except for France

Chaired by NATO Secretary General

Meets at different levels

Ultimate authority with regard to

nuclear policy issues

Reviews the Alliance’s nuclear policy

in the light of changing security environment

All members except for France

Chaired by NATO Secretary General

Meets at different levels

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MAIN BODIES

OVERVIEW


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Military Committee

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Senior military advisory authority

Under authority of NAC, DPC & NPG

Provides guidance to

two strategic commanders

Meets at different levels

Chairman selected by Chiefs of Staff for three-year term

Ultimate authority with regard to

nuclear policy issues

Reviews the Alliance’s nuclear policy

in the light of changing security environment

All members except for France

Chaired by NATO Secretary General

Meets at different levels

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

MAIN BODIES

OVERVIEW


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Civil budget

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Operating costs of the International Staff

Civilian programmes

Running costs of HQ facilities

conference services

meetings of NATO committees

security services

Operating costs of the International Staff

Civilian programmes

Running costs of HQ facilities

conference services

meetings of NATO committees

security services

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

PAYING FOR NATO

OVERVIEW


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Military budget

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Operating & maintenance costs of the international military structure

-Military Committee

-International Military Staff

-Agencies

-Two strategic commands & associated command, control & information systems

-Research & development agencies

-NATO Airborne Early Warning & Control Force

-Operating costs of NATO peacekeeping command structures

Operating & maintenance costs of the international military structure

-Military Committee

-International Military Staff

-Agencies

-Two strategic commands & associated command, control & information systems

-Research & development agencies

-NATO Airborne Early Warning & Control Force

-Operating costs of NATO peacekeeping command structures

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

PAYING FOR NATO

OVERVIEW


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NATO’s Security Investment Programme

Major construction & system investments that exceed national defence requirements of individual member countries

-communications & information systems

-radar

-military HQ

-airfields

-fuel pipelines & storage

-harbours, etc.

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Major construction & system investments that exceed national defence requirements of individual member countries

-communications & information systems

-radar

-military HQ

-airfields

-fuel pipelines & storage

-harbours etc

HOW DOES NATO WORK?

PAYING FOR NATO

OVERVIEW


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