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Monitoring Critical Systems & Integration Data Center Applications AFCOM – South Florida Chapter July 1 st , 2009 Steve Van Duser Eaton Powerware PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Monitoring Critical Systems & Integration Data Center Applications AFCOM – South Florida Chapter July 1 st , 2009 Steve Van Duser Eaton Powerware. What is Critical Systems Monitoring?. More than just power monitoring More than building management More than network management

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Monitoring Critical Systems & Integration Data Center Applications AFCOM – South Florida Chapter July 1 st , 2009 Steve Van Duser Eaton Powerware

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Monitoring Critical Systems & Integration Data Center ApplicationsAFCOM – South Florida ChapterJuly 1st, 2009Steve Van DuserEaton Powerware


What is critical systems monitoring l.jpg

What is Critical Systems Monitoring?

  • More than just power monitoring

  • More than building management

  • More than network management

  • It’s a total monitoring strategy!

Networks

Power

Environmental


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Examples of critical equipment

UPS- Powerware, MGE, Mitsubishi, IPM, Liebert, APC

PDU – Eaton, Liebert, PDI, United Power

Switchgear / ATS – Eaton, Caterpillar, ASCO, GE, Russelectric

Static Switches - Cyberex, Liebert, United Power

Diesel generators - Caterpillar, Onan/Cummins, Detroit Diesel

Air Conditioners / Chillers - Liebert, DataAire, Air Flow, York

Power Quality Meters – Eaton, GE, Sq-D, Rochester

Communications: SNMP, Modbus TCP, Web Browser


What do i need to know power l.jpg

What do I need to know? - Power

  • Is there a power failure?

  • If there is a power failure, how wide spread is it?

  • Did the generator start?

  • Does the generator have enough fuel to run?

  • Did the transfer switch work?

  • Am I getting bad power from the utility?

  • Am I causing my own problems?

  • How much power am I consuming?


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What do I need to know? - Environmental

  • Is there enough cooling?

  • Is the cooling correct?

  • Is one unit working harder than the rest?

  • Is the fire system armed and ready?

  • Is the leak detection armed and ready?


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What do I need to know? - Networks

  • Is the network up?

  • Are my devices communicating?

  • Am I getting erroneous alarms?

  • Am I getting notified when alarms occur?

  • Am I getting meaningful data?


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Sanity check

  • Are you currently monitoring?

  • Are you only looking at major alarms?

  • Did you have to use the bundled “free” monitoring that came with your equipment?

  • Did you have a major event in the last year and didn’t know how to respond to it?

  • Is one system or vendor claiming responsibility?


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Vendor Communications and Software

  • Dry Contacts – Major Alarms

    • Voltage-free relays

  • Serial (RS-485)

    • MODBUS RTU

  • Ethernet Communications

    • SNMP

    • MODBUS TCP/IP

    • Web Browser (HTTP)

    • SMTP (Email)

  • System Software

    • Backward compatibility

    • Migration to web-based


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Integration into other systems - BMS

  • Building Management Systems

    • Johnson Controls - Metasys

    • Siemens - Apogee

    • Honeywell – Excel

    • Automated Logic – WebCTRL

  • Suggested Protocols:

    • BACnet

    • Lonworks

    • Profibus


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Integration into other systems - NMS

  • Network Management Systems

    • HP – HP OpenView

    • IBM – Tivoli

    • CA – Unicenter

    • Nagios – Open source

  • Suggested Protocols:

    • SNMP Polling

    • SNMP Traps


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Things get complicated fast…

In traditional U.S. Army slang dating back to the Second World War, a blivet was defined as "ten pounds of manure in a five pound bag,"

It was applied to an unmanageable situation, a crucial but substandard or damaged tool, or a self-important person.


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Things to look out for

  • Are all your eggs in one basket?

  • Is the BMS or NMS really sending alerts from your critical equipment?

  • Are you getting the information you need?

  • Are you able to see things on your own computer?

  • Are you blocked into a corner?

  • No vendor is perfect…”he said she said”


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Where do I start?

  • Check for device communication capabilities

  • Is anything connected to the device communications port?

  • Is it Ethernet or serial or alarm contacts?

  • What was provided with the equipment from the vendor?

  • Are you able to do this yourself?


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“The” foundational protocols

  • IP- Internet Protocol (built for addressing & routing)

    • Those switches we talked about address & route

  • TCP/IP- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

    • Guaranteed packet delivery

    • Web surfing, file transfers, email…

    • Session oriented (think like a telephone call)

  • UDP/IP- Universal Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol

    • Instant messaging, speech, streaming

    • Session-less (think like a baseball)


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“S” is for simple, “P” is for protocol

Remember the bookends: “S”imple and “P”rotocol

  • SNMP- Simple Network Management Protocol

  • SMTP- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

  • SFTP- Simple File Transfer Protocol

  • SNTP- Simple Network Time Protocol

  • NTP- Network Time Protocol

  • FTP- File Transfer Protocol

  • DHCP- Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

  • POP3- Post Office Protocol [mate to SNMP]

  • HTTP- HyperText Transfer Protocol


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Today’s world - I get my news online!

Sounds Complicated – Where do I start!

If it’s not easy to use, you won’t use it!

Start by surfing the Web, everyone can do that………


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Today’s world – My weather is online!


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Today’s world - I shop online!


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Today’s World - Your Critical Equipment Monitoring is Online!


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Why would we want web browser monitoring?

Because it’s easy to monitor with Web-Enabled!

Lot’s of benefits……

No software to install on your system.No software to add to your computers.No computers to add to your system.No keys or licenses to maintain.No Graphics to create.No Data files to create. Easy access from any computer.Easy access from any location.Easy Data file access.Email notification.


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A Web-based architecture allows a web browser to access information. Anywhere

A Web-based Architecture

Web-enabled

1


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Why Power Management?

Energy Consumption

Power Quality

Safety

  • Power Continuity


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Why Measure?

“If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it!”


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3 Fundamental Yardsticks

  • System Reliability

    • Am I OK?

    • Will I be OK tomorrow, and the next day…?

  • Energy Management- you and your Utility

    • Energy consumption, instantaneous demand, and Power factor penalties are a billable item

  • Power Quality

    • Interruptions

    • Transients

    • Surges

    • Sags

    • Swells

    • Frequency variations


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Monitoring and Verification

Engineering & Project Management

Harmonic Mitigation & Power Factor Correction

  • - Engineering Assessments & Studies

  • Turnkey Projects

Monitoring and Verification

- Power Factor Capacitors

- Tuned and Blocking Filters

- Mitigating Transformers

- Active Filters

- Metering Devices

- Data Loggers

- Power Management Software

- Remote Monitoring and Analysis

Surge Protection

& Grounding

- Surge Protection on Power Lines, Telephone and Data Lines

- Grounding/Bonding Enhancements

Electric System Reliability

- Facility Risk Assessment

- Predictive Diagnostics

- Preventive Maintenance

- UPTIME Services

Back-Up Power, UPS &

Voltage Stabilization

  • - Voltage Regulation & Sag Correction

  • Turnkey UPS

  • Flywheel Ride-through

  • Transfer Switches


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Identify points to install metering

Monitor incoming mains and feeder breaker trip units for energy and power information


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Investment in Systems

Ye Olde Clipboard

  • For simple Energy usage (kWh) clipboards work fine.

  • Not very practical

  • Sore feet walking around!


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Which cure do I need?


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Need a flexible system

Complete Web-based System

  • High end Power Quality Meters connect directly to the Ethernet LAN (built-in web pages)

  • Ethernet Gateways (Data Loggers) bridge serial communicating meters to the Ethernet LAN (built-in web pages)

  • Software provides holistic view of the entire power system

    • Built-in web graphics (reduces startup and commissioning costs)

    • Based upon SQL Server for advanced data analysis and trending of energy and demand values

    • Optional advanced reporting system for standard and customized energy and power quality reports

Easy as 1,2,3… All you need is a web browser!


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Various ways to measure

  • Broad range of metering devices

    • Metered circuit breaker trip units

    • Panel mount meters

    • UPS monitoring

    • Branch circuit monitoring

    • PDU monitoring


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Power Management Solutions – Level 1

Device

Good (RS-458 Modbus RTU)

  • Device parameters are passed as Modbus registers over RS-485 daisy chain network

  • Compatible with leading BMS or SCADA systems hardware interfaces.

  • Modbus RTU is easy to translate into other protocols

    • DeviceNet

    • Profibus

    • BACnet

    • Lonworks

RS-485 SerialCommunications Path

Software System(BMS or Other)


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Power Management Solutions – Level 2

Device

  • Better ( Ethernet Ready)

  • Built-in Web Server for direct access via web browser

  • Device parameters are passed as Modbus registers over Modbus TCP/IP over Ethernet

  • Compatible with leading BMS or SCADA systems hardware interfaces.

  • Modbus TCP/IP is able to be translated into other systems

    • OPC

    • DeviceNet

    • Profibus

    • BACnet

    • Lonworks

Ethernet Communicationsw/ Built-in Web Server

Standard Web Browser(Client)


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Power Management Solutions – Level 3

Devices

  • Best (System Software)

  • Built-in web graphics (reduces startup and commissioning costs)

  • Based upon SQL Server for advanced data analysis and trending of energy and demand values

  • Optional advanced reporting system for standard and customized energy and power quality reports

Ethernet communicationsstandard or optional card

Computer ServerWeb Based System

SQL


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Power XpertWeb-based Solutions


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Power Xpert Web-based Solutions

  • 3 User Levels

  • Power Xpert Gateways

    • Eaton Equipment

    • Non-Eaton Equipment

    • Data integration using SNMP or Modbus TCP/IP

  • Power Xpert Software

    • Single view

    • Extended device support

    • Enhanced Graphics

  • 3. Power Xpert Reporting Software

    • Standard Reports

    • SQL Professional

    • PDF, XML, or .CSV


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Level 1 – System Diagram

Ethernet Switch

Ethernet Network

RS-485 Network

Building Management or Network Management System

Licensed Client

Modbus TCP/IPSNMP

Modbus

Gateway

Modbus RTU RS-485 Network


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Level 2 – System Diagram

Ethernet Switch

Ethernet Network

RS-485 Network

Building Management or Network Management System

Wireless Web Devices

Web Browser

HTTP (Web)

Modbus TCP/IP

Web-based

Gateway

Modbus RTU RS-485 Network


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Level 3 – System Diagram

Web-enabled Meter

Web-basedSoftware

Web-enabledGateway

Network Time Server

Network Switch

Device Comms

Ethernet

Device Comms

Device Comms

Generator

UPS or PDU

Switchgear

Motor Control Center


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What is a Web-enabled Gateway?

  • A Web-enabled Gateway is a critical component in a web-based communications architecture

  • The gateway converts field bus protocols, that are local to the devices, up to the Ethernet network that is accessible via the Local Area Network (LAN) to a standard web browser.

  • It generally supports up to 64 devices using 2 ports

Upstream:

Internet Protocol

Web browser, Power Xpert Software or 3rd Party Software

Web/SNMP TCP/IP

ModBus TCP/IP

Downstream:

Field Bus Protocols

Eaton or 3rd Party Devices

ModBus RTU

INCOM


Integrate diverse systems l.jpg

Integrate Diverse Systems

Integration of many systems to a single Ethernet Gateway via Modbus RS-485

Diesel Gen UPS

Switch Gear ATS

Static Switch PDU

CRAC Fuel Management

Seq of Events Power Quality Meters

Battery Monitor Chillers

Leak Detect Temp/Humidity

Network Mgr Building Mgr

Branch Circuit Monitor

  • Single web browser console to:

  • Simplified Training

  • Consolidated Alarms

  • Time Synced Event History

  • Interface to: BMS, NMS, Inventory & Trouble Ticket


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Provides support for many vendors

UPS- Powerware, MGE, Mitsubishi, IPM, Liebert, APC

PDU – Eaton, Liebert, PDI, United Power

Switchgear / ATS – Eaton, Caterpillar, ASCO, GE, Russelectric

Static Switches - Cyberex, Liebert, United Power

Diesel generators - Caterpillar, Onan/Cummins, Detroit Diesel

Air Conditioners / Chillers - Liebert, DataAire, Air Flow, York

Power Quality Meters – Eaton, GE, Sq-D, Rochester

Leverages all new protocols-SNMP, OPC, BacnetWeb etc.


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Web-enabled Gateway - Features

  • Real-time data trending

  • Data and event logging, export .csv files for analysis

  • User-settable events

  • Waveform capture and file downloads

  • Email notification of events


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Web-enabled Gateway Monitoring


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Home page gives a high level system summary with device status, communication status and events.


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Expand the Event Summary to view all Events for a given Main/Bus grouping. Events are shown in chronological order, newest being at the top of the list.


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Data trending icon shown for trendable parameters. Click to view real-time trend graph.


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Web-enabled Gateway – Data Trending

Data trends can be viewed for each meter or trip unit per phase


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Bus page, or second level summary, shown here. You can still view the Main summary info on the left side of the screen. This page provides a device status and comm status for the group of devices below the Bus.


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Waveform icon shown for devices that have waveform support. Click to view list of waveform events and download COMTRADE waveform files. View files with a standard COMTRADE file viewer.


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