Meerkats
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MEERKATS PowerPoint PPT Presentation

MEERKATS. Tamara Murphy LT 130 Spring 2004. What is a Meerkat. Meerkats are small mammals that live in Southern Africa Meerkats make their homes in grass-lined burrows that are shared with ground squirrels and yellow mongooses. Scientific Name: Suricata Suricatta Oakland Zoo: Meerkat.

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MEERKATS

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Meerkats

MEERKATS

Tamara Murphy

LT 130

Spring 2004


What is a meerkat

What is a Meerkat

  • Meerkats are small mammals that live in Southern Africa

  • Meerkats make their homes in grass-lined burrows that are shared with ground squirrels and yellow mongooses.

  • Scientific Name:

    Suricata Suricatta

  • Oakland Zoo: Meerkat


Meerkat characteristics

Meerkat Characteristics

  • Vision: Color, the dark eye markings act like built-in sunglasses

  • Feet: Non-retractable claws

  • Ears: Closeable

  • Height: 12 inches

  • Weight: 2 pounds

  • Tail: 8 inches, used to balance the animal in an upright position

  • I’m a Meerkat http://www.pbs.org/kratts/world/africa/meerkat/


Meerkat home

Meerkat Home

  • Home range: Southern Africa/Kalahari Desert

  • Dwelling: Grass-lined burrows

  • Toilet: Common latrine used by all members

  • Transience: Mob moves several times annually if food supply is depleted


Social structure

Social Structure

  • Alpha male: dominate male of the mob, has breeding rights to the alpha female

  • Alpha female: dominate female of the mob, she is the only one that is supposed to breed

  • Beta male: subservient male, will leave the group by 3

  • Beta female: subservient female, will support the alpha meerkats

  • Pups: meerkat young, 10 months or younger

  • Babysitter: watches over young while the rest of the group is foraging for food

  • Sentry: Watches over the group


Meerkat communication

Meerkat Communication

Meerkat communicate in Three Ways

  • Scent

  • Sound: Meerkats have over 20 different sounds

  • Body Language


Meerkat diet

Meerkat Diet

  • Worms

  • Crickets

  • Scorpions

  • Small Rodents

  • Lizards

  • Small Snakes

  • Birds

  • Eggs

  • Fruit

  • Ant larvae (their favorite)


Behavioral changes of meerkats in captivity

Behavioral Changes of Meerkats in Captivity

  • They no longer need to forage for food

  • Space is limited, meerkats will no longer be able to migrate from burrow to burrow, they will live in only one.

  • Their alert systems are dulled because the absence of predators

  • Meerkats live longer and grow larger in captivity

  • Meerkats are know to mate twice a year in captivity


Famous meerkats

Famous Meerkats

  • Timone: Featured Disney’s Lion King

  • Ziziphus of the Lazuli Gang: She is a wild meerkat living in the Kalahari desert. She has been the focus of meaning documentaries.


Summary

Summary

  • What is a Meerkat?

  • Meerkat Characteristics

  • Meerkat Home

  • Social Structure

  • Meerkat Communication

  • Meerkat Diet

  • Behavioral Changes in Captivity

  • Meerkat quiz Animal Planet :: Meerkat Unmasked


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